Frases de Kenneth Boulding

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Kenneth Boulding

Data de nascimento: 18. Janeiro 1910
Data de falecimento: 18. Março 1993

Kenneth Ewart Boulding foi um economista estadunidense nascido na Inglaterra.

Citações Kenneth Boulding

„[Peace praxis is] a peace process that deals with conflict integratively.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Fonte: 1980s, Three Faces of Power, 1989, p. 140 as cited in: Joseph De Rivera (2008) Handbook on Building Cultures of Peace. p. 243

„Anyone who believes exponential growth can go on forever in a finite world is either a madman or an economist.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Attributed to Kenneth Boulding in: United States. Congress. House (1973) Energy reorganization act of 1973: Hearings, Ninety-third Congress, first session, on H.R. 11510. p. 248
1970s
Variante: Anyone who believes in indefinite growth in anything physical, on a physically finite planet, is either mad or an economist.

„The process of consumption… is the final act in the economic drama“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Fonte: 1940s, Economic Analysis, 1941, p. 614 (rev. ed. 1948) as cited in: Andrew McMeekin (2002) Innovation by Demand. p. 131

„Economic development does not consist merely in the piling up of things, but in the accumulation of new kinds of things“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Fonte: 1960s, The meaning of the twentieth century: the great transition, 1964, p. 116. partly cited in: (2013) " What Boulding Said Went Wrong with Economics, A Quarter Century On http://www.deirdremccloskey.com/editorials/boulding.php"
Contexto: The success of Japanese development is due simply to the fact that Japan devoted a substantial portion of its resources to the growth industry, and particularly to the human resources and then commended Max Weber's emphasis on hard work and thrift.
All the law and the prophets of economic development can be summed up in the old proverb that "where there's a will there's a way". The way indeed is absurdly easy and is well known. It consists merely in putting resources into growth. What could be simpler and easier! the problem however, is the will, and this. I think, we understand very little. The whole cultural milieu of society plays a role in the process of developing its will, and it is hard to separate the determining factors. A widespread puritan ethic, as Max Weber pointed out, is undoubtedly an asset, if this leads people to place a high value on hard work and thrift. On the other hand, puritanism often goes along with a resistance to social change and an unwillingness to innovate outside a narrow field of technology, and thrift alone can often lead to uncreative forms of accumulation or even to unemployment and depression. Mere accumulation is not enough. Economic development does not consist merely in the piling up of things, but in the accumulation of new kinds of things.

„The trouble with taxonomic boxes is… that that they tend to be empty, however beautiful they are on the outside.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Fonte: 1980s, Illustrating Economics: Beasts, Ballads and Aphorisms, 1980, p. 75 as cited in: R. Harper, L. Palen, A. Taylor (2005) The Inside Text: Social, Cultural and Design Perspectives on SMS. p. 79

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„Reality, in its quantitative aspect, must be considered as a system of populations… The general study of the equilibria and dynamics of populations seems to have no name; but as it has probably reached its highest development in the biological study known as 'ecology,' this name may well be given to it.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

Fonte: 1950s, A Reconstruction of Economics, 1950, p. 5. as cited in: Robert A. Solow (1994) " Kenneth Ewart Boulding: 1910-1993. An Appreciation http://www.jstor.org/stable/4226892". In: Journal of Economic Issues. Vol. 28, No. 4 (Dec., 1994), pp. 1187-1200

„[The loss- of-strength gradient is] the degree to which military and political power diminishes as we move a unit distance away from its home base.“

—  Kenneth E. Boulding

According to Marike Finlay (1987) Powermatics: A Discursive Critique of New Technology. p. 200 with this statement "Kenneth Boulding has shown, the extent of control is a function of loss-of-strength gradient of a political centre."
Fonte: 1960s, Conflict and defense: A general theory, 1962, p. 245

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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