Frases de Karel Čapek

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Karel Čapek

Data de nascimento: 9. Janeiro 1890
Data de falecimento: 25. Dezembro 1938

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Karel Čapek foi um escritor checo. Foi o criador da palavra Robot . Em 1921, Capek escreveu uma peça de teatro chamada R.U.R. , iniciais de "Rosumovi Univerzální Roboti". A peça conta a história de um cientista brilhante, chamado Rossum, que desenvolve uma substância química similar ao protoplasma. Ele utiliza essa substância para construção de humanoides , com o intuito de que estes sejam obedientes e realizem todo o trabalho físico.

Outras de obras suas são A Guerra das Salamandras, espécie de fábula acerca da descoberta de uma espécie de salamandras dotadas de elevada inteligência e que são escravizadas pelos humanos, numa visão extremamente crítica do capitalismo, da ciência e de diversos aspectos do mundo contemporâneo. Suas "Histórias Apócrifas" são uma série de contos baseados em fatos reais ou pretensamente reais, mas nos quais o autor inventa e insere "variantes" bastante irônicas, tal como num dos contos, no qual um padeiro de Jerusalém conversava com um amigo, dizendo que estava atraído pelos ensinamentos do rabi Jesus, mas que tinha desistido de tal atitude, após descobrir que o rabi teria algo contra os padeiros, uma vez que teria promovido um milagre de multiplicação de pães e criado grande prejuízo para todos os padeiros.

Čapek também praticou literatura infantil, com "Dachenca: a história de uma cachorrinha", que narra carinhosamente a história de uma pequena cadela Fox Terrier, chamada Dachenca. A história é muito bem humorada e inteligente, além de ser enriquecida com desenhos da cachorrinha, feitos pelo próprio autor.

Citações Karel Čapek

„One of the worst muddles of this age is its confusing of the ideas behind combative and cognitive activity. Cognition is not fighting, but once someone knows a lot, he will have much to fight for, so much that he will be called a relativist because of it.“

— Karel Čapek
Context: Socialism is good when it comes to wages, but it tells me nothing when it comes to other questions in life that are more private and painful, for which I must seek answers elsewhere. Relativism is not indifference; on the contrary, passionate indifference is necessary in order for you not to hear the voices that oppose your absolute decrees … Relativism is neither a method of fighting, nor a method of creating, for both of these are uncompromising and at times even ruthless; rather, it is a method of cognition. If one must fight or create, it is necessary that this be preceded by the broadest possible knowledge... One of the worst muddles of this age is its confusing of the ideas behind combative and cognitive activity. Cognition is not fighting, but once someone knows a lot, he will have much to fight for, so much that he will be called a relativist because of it. "On Relativism" (1925)

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„To be small, unsettled and uncompleted is a good and courageous mission.“

— Karel Čapek
Context: I have seen greatness and power, wealth, prosperity and incomparable development. I was never sad that we are a small and unfinished part of the world. To be small, unsettled and uncompleted is a good and courageous mission.

„Relativism is not indifference; on the contrary, passionate indifference is necessary in order for you not to hear the voices that oppose your absolute decrees“

— Karel Čapek
Context: Socialism is good when it comes to wages, but it tells me nothing when it comes to other questions in life that are more private and painful, for which I must seek answers elsewhere. Relativism is not indifference; on the contrary, passionate indifference is necessary in order for you not to hear the voices that oppose your absolute decrees … Relativism is neither a method of fighting, nor a method of creating, for both of these are uncompromising and at times even ruthless; rather, it is a method of cognition. If one must fight or create, it is necessary that this be preceded by the broadest possible knowledge... One of the worst muddles of this age is its confusing of the ideas behind combative and cognitive activity. Cognition is not fighting, but once someone knows a lot, he will have much to fight for, so much that he will be called a relativist because of it. "On Relativism" (1925)

„I don’t know if you could prove that every theft is wrong; but I can prove to you that every theft is against the law, because I can arrest you every time.“

— Karel Čapek
Context: Look, justice has to be as unquestioned as the multiplication tables. I don’t know if you could prove that every theft is wrong; but I can prove to you that every theft is against the law, because I can arrest you every time. If you scattered pearls in the street, then a policeman could give you a ticket for littering. But if you started performing miracles, we couldn’t stop you, unless we called it a public nuisance or unlawful public assembly. There must be some kind of breach of order for us to intervene. Sgt. Bartosek, in "Šlépeje" ["Footprints"] (1929) as translated by Norma Comrada, in Toward the Radical Center: A Karel Čapek Reader (1990), edited by Peter Kussi, p. 236

„Be these people either Conservatives or Socialists, Yellows or Reds, the most important thing is — and that is the point I want to stress — that all of them are right in the plain and moral sense of the word. . .“

— Karel Čapek
Context: Be these people either Conservatives or Socialists, Yellows or Reds, the most important thing is — and that is the point I want to stress — that all of them are right in the plain and moral sense of the word... I ask whether it is not possible to see in the present social conflict of the world an analogous struggle between two, three, five equally serious verities and equally generous idealisms? I think it is possible, and that is the most dramatic element in modern civilization, that a human truth is opposed to another human truth no less human, ideal against ideal, positive worth against worth no less positive, instead of the struggle being as we are so often told, one between noble truth and vile selfish error. R.U.R. supplement in The Saturday Review (1923)

„I think it is possible, and that is the most dramatic element in modern civilization, that a human truth is opposed to another human truth no less human, ideal against ideal, positive worth against worth no less positive, instead of the struggle being as we are so often told, one between noble truth and vile selfish error.“

— Karel Čapek
Context: Be these people either Conservatives or Socialists, Yellows or Reds, the most important thing is — and that is the point I want to stress — that all of them are right in the plain and moral sense of the word... I ask whether it is not possible to see in the present social conflict of the world an analogous struggle between two, three, five equally serious verities and equally generous idealisms? I think it is possible, and that is the most dramatic element in modern civilization, that a human truth is opposed to another human truth no less human, ideal against ideal, positive worth against worth no less positive, instead of the struggle being as we are so often told, one between noble truth and vile selfish error. R.U.R. supplement in The Saturday Review (1923)

„I've tried all isolating materials that might possibly prevent the Absolute from getting out of the cellar: ashes, sand, metal walls, but nothing can stop it.“

— Karel Čapek
Context: I've tried all isolating materials that might possibly prevent the Absolute from getting out of the cellar: ashes, sand, metal walls, but nothing can stop it. I've even tried lining the cellar walls with the works of Professors Krejci, Spencer, and Haeckle, all the Positivists you can think of; if you can believe it, the Absolute penetrates even things like that.

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„Great god of the Ants, thou hast granted victory to thy servants. I appoint thee honorary Colonel.“

— Karel Čapek
Pictures from the Insects' Life (1922), as translated in 'And so ad infinitum (The Life of the Insects) : An Entomological Review in Three Acts, a Prologue and an Epilogue (1936) co-written with his brother Josef Čapek, p. 60; also known as The Insect Play

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