Frases de James Anthony Froude

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James Anthony Froude

Data de nascimento: 23. Abril 1818
Data de falecimento: 20. Outubro 1894
Outros nomes: James Froude

James Anthony Froude foi um controverso historiador, novelista e biógrafo inglês. Após sua participação no Movimento de Oxford, de caráter anglo-católico, Froude decidiu virar clérigo, mas dúvidas em relação às doutrinas da Igreja Anglicana, como especifica em seu polêmico romance de 1849 The Nemesis of Faith, o fizeram desistir de uma carreira religiosa. Decidiu então virar historiador, se tornando um dos mais conhecidos de seu tempo a partir da publicação de History of England from the Fall of Wolsey to the Defeat of the Spanish Armada.

Obras

The Nemesis of Faith
James Anthony Froude

Citações James Anthony Froude

„A experiência ensina devagar e ao custo de erros.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Experience teaches slowly and at the cost of mistakes.
Short Studies on Great Subjects - página 330, James Anthony Froude m.a. - 1877
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html

„A instrução não previne desperdício de tempo ou erros; e os erros por si próprios são geralmente os melhores professores de todos.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Instruction does not prevent waste of time or mistakes; and mistakes themselves are often the best teachers of all.
Inaugural address delivered to the University of St. Andrews, March 19, 1869‎ - Página 8 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=1NFBAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA8, James Anthony Froude - Longmans, 1869 - 41 páginas
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html

„A idade não nos torna infantis, como dizem alguns; ela nos faz encontrar nossas verdadeiras crianças.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Age does not make us childish, as some say; it finds us true children
Short studies on great subjects, Volume 2‎ - Página 334, James Anthony Froude - Scribner, Armstrong & Co., 1872
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html

„Os animais selvagens nunca matam por diversão. O homem é a única criatura para quem a tortura e a morte de seus semelhantes são divertidas.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Fonte: Citações sobre a tortura http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/torture_4.html
Fonte: Citação de James Froude http://www.quoteworld.org/quotes/5098
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html

„O medo é pai da crueldade.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Short Studies on Great Subjects - página 331, James Anthony Froude m.a. - 1877
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html

„Você não pode sonhar para si mesmo em ser um personagem. Você deve martelar e moldar um você mesmo“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

You cannot dream yourself into a character. You must hammer and forge yourself one
The nemesis of faith‎ - Página 4 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=E783AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA4, James Anthony Froude - J. Chapman, 1849 - 227 páginas
Fonte: Citações de James Froude http://thinkexist.com/quotation/wild_animals_never_kill_for_sport-man_is_the_only/10823.html
Fonte: Citação de James Froude http://www.quotationspage.com/quote/2388.html

„Say not they have their reward on earth in the calm satisfaction of noble desires, nobly gratified, in the sense of great works greatly done; that too may be, but neither do they ask for that. They alone never remember themselves; they know no end but to do the will which beats in their hearts' deep pulses.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Confessions Of A Sceptic
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: Say not they have their reward on earth in the calm satisfaction of noble desires, nobly gratified, in the sense of great works greatly done; that too may be, but neither do they ask for that. They alone never remember themselves; they know no end but to do the will which beats in their hearts' deep pulses. Ay, but for these, these few martyred heroes, it might be after all that the earth was but a huge loss-and-profit ledger book; or a toy machine some great angel had invented for the amusement of his nursery; and the storm and the sunshine but the tears and the smiles of laughter in which he and his baby cherubs dressed their faces over the grave and solemn airs of slow-paced respectability.
Yes, genius alone is the Redeemer; it bears our sorrows, it is crowned with thorns for us; the children of genius are the church militant, the army of the human race. Genius is the life, the law of mankind, itself perishing, that others may take possession and enjoy. Religion, freedom, science, law, the arts, mechanical or heautiful, all which gives respectability a chance, have heen moulded out by the toil and the sweat and the blood of the faithful; who, knowing no enjoyment, were content to he the servants of their own born slaves, and wrought out the happiness of the world which despised and disowned them.

„Minds vary in sensitiveness and in self-power, as bodies do in susceptibility of attraction and repulsion.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Confessions Of A Sceptic
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: Minds vary in sensitiveness and in self-power, as bodies do in susceptibility of attraction and repulsion. When, when shall we learn that they are governed by laws as inexorable as physical laws, and that a man can as easily refuse to obey what has power over him as a steel atom can resist the magnet?

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„We should not attempt to apologise for these things, still less to forget them. No martyrs ever suffered to instil into mankind a more wholesome lesson — more wholesome, or one more hard to learn. The more conscientious men are, the more difficult it is for them to understand that in their most cherished convictions, when they pass beyond the limits where the wise and good of all sorts agree, they may be the victims of mere delusion.“

—  James Anthony Froude

The Influence of the Reformation on the Scottish Character (1865)
Contexto: It remains a lesson to all time, that goodness, though the indispensable adjunct to knowledge, is no substitute for it; that when conscience undertakes to dictate beyond its province, the result is only the more monstrous.
It is well that we should look this matter in the face; and as particular stories leave more impression than general statements, I will mention one, perfectly well authenticated, which I take from the official report of the proceedings:—Towards the end of 1593 there was trouble in the family of the Earl of Orkney. His brother laid a plot to murder him, and was said to have sought the help of a 'notorious witch' called Alison Balfour http://www.orkneyjar.com/folklore/witchcraft/balfour.htm. When Alison Balfour's life was looked into, no evidence could be found connecting her either with the particular offence or with witchcraft in general; but it was enough in these matters to be accused. She swore she was innocent; but her guilt was only held to be aggravated by perjury. She was tortured again and again. Her legs were put in the caschilaws — an iron frame which was gradually heated till it burned into the flesh — but no confession could be wrung from her. The caschilaws failed utterly, and something else had to be tried. She had a husband, a son, and a daughter, a child seven years old. As her own sufferings did not work upon her, she might be touched, perhaps, by the sufferings of those who were dear to her. They were brought into court, and placed at her side; and the husband first was placed in the 'lang irons' — some accursed instrument; I know not what. Still the devil did not yield. She bore this; and her son was next operated on. The boy's legs were set in 'the boot,' — the iron boot you may have heard of. The wedges were driven in, which, when forced home, crushed the very bone and marrow. Fifty-seven mallet strokes were delivered upon the wedges. Yet this, too, failed. There was no confession yet. So, last of all, the little daughter was taken. There was a machine called the piniwinkies — a kind of thumbscrew, which brought blood from under the finger nails, with a pain successfully terrible. These things were applied to the poor child's hands, and the mother's constancy broke down, and she said she would admit anything they wished. She confessed her witchcraft — so tried, she would have confessed to the seven deadly sins — and then she was burned, recalling her confession, and with her last breath protesting her innocence.
It is due to the intelligence of the time to admit that after this her guilt was doubted, and such vicarious means of extorting confession do not seem to have been tried again. Yet the men who inflicted these tortures would have borne them all themselves sooner than have done any act which they consciously knew to be wrong. They did not know that the instincts of humanity were more sacred than the logic of theology, and in fighting against the devil they were themselves doing the devil's work. We should not attempt to apologise for these things, still less to forget them. No martyrs ever suffered to instil into mankind a more wholesome lesson — more wholesome, or one more hard to learn. The more conscientious men are, the more difficult it is for them to understand that in their most cherished convictions, when they pass beyond the limits where the wise and good of all sorts agree, they may be the victims of mere delusion. Yet, after all, and happily, such cases were but few, and affected but lightly the general condition of the people.

„It is alike self-contradictory and contrary to experience, that a man of two goods should choose the lesser, knowing it at the time to be the lesser.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Fragments of Markham's notes
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: It is alike self-contradictory and contrary to experience, that a man of two goods should choose the lesser, knowing it at the time to be the lesser. Observe, I say, at the time of action. We are complex, and therefore, in our natural state, inconsistent, beings, and the opinion of this hour need not be the opinion of the next. It may be different before the temptation appear; it may return to be different after the temptation is passed; the nearness or distance of objects may alter their relative magnitude, or appetite or passion may obscure the reflecting power, and give a temporary impulsive force to a particular side of our nature. But, uniformly, given a particular condition of a man's nature, and given a number of possible courses, his action is as necessarily determined into the course best corresponding to that condition, as a bar of steel suspended between two magnets is determined towards the most powerful. It may go reluctantly, for it will still feel the attraction of the weaker magnet, but it will still obey the strongest, and must obey. What we call knowing a man's character, is knowing how he will act in such and such conditions. The better we know him the more surely we can prophesy. If we know him perfectly, we are certain.

„It is so good that as men looked at it they said this is too good for man: nothing but the inspiration of God could have given this. Likely enough men should say so; but what might be admired as a metaphor became petrified into a doctrine, and perhaps the world has never witnessed any more grotesque idol-worship than what has resulted from it in modern Bibliolatry.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Letter III
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: The Mahometans say their Koran was written by God. The Hindoos say the Vedas were; we say the Bible was, and we are but interested witnesses in deciding absolutely and exclusively for ourselves. If it be immeasurably the highest of the three, it is because it is not the most divine but the most human. It does not differ from them in kind; and it seems to me that in ascribing it to God we are doing a double dishonour; to ourselves for want of faith in our soul's strength, and to God in making Him responsible for our weakness. There is nothing in it but what men might have written; much, oh much, which it would drive me mad to think any but men, and most mistaken men, had written. Yet still, as a whole, it is by far the noblest collection of sacred books in the world; the outpouring of the mind of a people in whom a larger share of God's spirit was for many centuries working than in any other of mankind, or who at least most clearly caught and carried home to themselves the idea of the direct and immediate dependence of the world upon Him. It is so good that as men looked at it they said this is too good for man: nothing but the inspiration of God could have given this. Likely enough men should say so; but what might be admired as a metaphor became petrified into a doctrine, and perhaps the world has never witnessed any more grotesque idol-worship than what has resulted from it in modern Bibliolatry. And yet they say we are not Christians, we cannot be religious teachers, nay, we are without religion, we are infidels, unless we believe with them. We have not yet found the liberty with which Christ has made us free. Infidels, Arthur! Ah, it is a hard word! The only infidelity I know is to distrust God, to distrust his care of us, his love for us. And yet that word! How words cling to us, and like an accursed spell force us to become what they say we have become.

„It is strange, when something rises before us as a possibility which we have hitherto believed to be very dreadful, we fancy it is a great crisis; that when we pass it we shall be different beings; some mighty change will have swept over our nature, and we shall lose entirely all our old selves, and become others.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Arthur's commentary
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: It is strange, when something rises before us as a possibility which we have hitherto believed to be very dreadful, we fancy it is a great crisis; that when we pass it we shall be different beings; some mighty change will have swept over our nature, and we shall lose entirely all our old selves, and become others. … Yet, when the thing, whether good or evil, is done, we find we were mistaken; we are seemingly much the same — neither much better nor worse; and then we cannot make it out; on either side there is a weakening of faith; we fancy we have been taken in; the mountain has heen in lahour, and we are perplexed to find the good less powerful than we expected, and the evil less evil.

„Unfortunately the wrong man was generally assassinated. The true criminal was an absentee, and his agent was shot instead of him.“

—  James Anthony Froude

"On the Uses of a Landed Gentry" address in Edinburgh (6 November 1876), published in Short Studies on Great Subjects, Vol. III (1893), p. 406
Contexto: The landlord may become a direct oppressor. He may care nothing for the people, and have no object but to squeeze the most that he can out of them fairly or unfairly. The Russian government has been called despotism tempered with assassination. In Ireland landlordism was tempered by assassination.
Unfortunately the wrong man was generally assassinated. The true criminal was an absentee, and his agent was shot instead of him. A noble lord living in England, two of whose agents had lost their lives already in his service, ordered the next to post a notice in his Barony that he intended to persevere in what he was doing, and if the tenants thought they would intimidate him by shooting his agents, they would find themselves mistaken.

„Long devotions are a weariness to healthy children.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Confessions Of A Sceptic
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: Long devotions are a weariness to healthy children. If, unhappily, they have been made unhealthy — if they have been taught to look into themselves, and made to imagine themselves miserable and fallen, and every moment exciting God's anger, and so need these long devotions — their premature sensibility will exhaust itself over comparative trifles; and, by and by, when the real occasion comes, they will find that, like people who talk of common things in superlatives, their imagination will have wasted what will then be really needed. Their present state will explain to themselves the unreality of their former state; but the heart will have used out its power, and thoughts, which have been made unreal, by an unreal use of them, will be unreal still, and for ever.

„You will never have perfect men, Plato says, till you have perfect circumstances.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Confessions Of A Sceptic
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: You will never have perfect men, Plato says, till you have perfect circumstances. Perhaps a true saying! — but, till the philosopher is born who can tell us what circumstances are perfect, a sufficiently speculative one. At any rate, one finds strange enough results — often the very best coming up out of conditions the most unpromising. Such a bundle of odd contradictions we human beings are, that perhaps full as many repellent as attracting influences are acquired, before we can give our hearts to what is right.

„The first state of mankind is the unreflecting state. The nature is undeveloped, looking neither before nor after; it acts on the impulse of the moment, and is troubled with no weary retrospect, nor with any notions of a remote future which present conduct can affect; and knowing neither good nor evil, better or worse, it does simply what it desires, and is happy in it. It is the state analogous to the early childhood of each of us, and is represented in the common theory of Paradise — the state of innocence.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Fragments of Markham's notes
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: Our instinct has outrun our theory in this matter; for while we still insist upon free will and sin, we make allowance for individuals who have gone wrong, on the very ground of provocation, of temptation, of bad education, of infirm character. By and by philosophy will follow, and so at last we may hope for a true theory of morals. It is curious to watch, in the history of religious beliefs, the gradual elimination of this monster of moral evil. The first state of mankind is the unreflecting state. The nature is undeveloped, looking neither before nor after; it acts on the impulse of the moment, and is troubled with no weary retrospect, nor with any notions of a remote future which present conduct can affect; and knowing neither good nor evil, better or worse, it does simply what it desires, and is happy in it. It is the state analogous to the early childhood of each of us, and is represented in the common theory of Paradise — the state of innocence.

„Man is the only one to whom the torture and death of his fellow creatures is amusing in itself.“

—  James Anthony Froude

Oceana, or, England and Her Colonies (1886) [C. Scribner's Sons, 1972, 396 pages], p. 67
Contexto: Wild animals never kill for sport. Man is the only one to whom the torture and death of his fellow creatures is amusing in itself.

„Say not, say not, it is but a choice which they have made; and an immortality of glory in heaven shall reward them for what they have sacrificed on earth. It may be so; but they do not ask for it. They are what they are from the Divine power which is in them, and you would never hear their complainings if the grave was the gate of annihilation.“

—  James Anthony Froude, livro The Nemesis of Faith

Confessions Of A Sceptic
The Nemesis of Faith (1849)
Contexto: Once in our lives we have all to choose. More or less we have all felt once the same emotions. We have not always been what the professions make of us. Nature made us men, and she surrenders not her children without a struggle. I will go back to my story now with but this one word, that it is these sons of genius, and the fate they meet with, which is to me the one sole evidence that there is more in "this huge state" than what is seen, and that in very truth the soul of man is not a thing which comes and goes, is builded and decays like the elemental frame in which it is set to dwell, but a very living force, a very energy of God's organic Will, which rules and moulds this universe.
For what are they? Say not, say not, it is but a choice which they have made; and an immortality of glory in heaven shall reward them for what they have sacrificed on earth. It may be so; but they do not ask for it. They are what they are from the Divine power which is in them, and you would never hear their complainings if the grave was the gate of annihilation.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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