Frases de Gerald Ford

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Gerald Ford

Data de nascimento: 14. Julho 1913
Data de falecimento: 26. Dezembro 2006

Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. foi o 38º presidente dos Estados Unidos entre 1974 e 1977, logo após ter servido como o 40º vice-presidente de 1973 a 1974, durante o governo do seu antecessor Richard Nixon. Ele foi a primeira pessoa a ser nomeada para a vice-presidência sob a Vigésima Quinta Emenda, logo após a renúncia de Spiro Agnew. Quando tornou-se presidente depois da renúncia de Richard Nixon em 9 de agosto de 1974, Ford se transformou na primeira e até hoje única pessoa a ter exercido os cargos de vice-presidente e presidente dos Estados Unidos sem nunca ter sido eleito pelo Colégio Eleitoral. Antes de ser vice-presidente, ele serviu por 25 anos na Câmara dos Representantes pelo 5.º distrito de Michigan, oito anos como o Líder da Minoria Republicana.

Enquanto presidente, Ford assinou os Acordos de Helsínquia, relaxando as tensões da Guerra Fria. Com a conquista do Vietnã do Sul pelo Vietnã do Norte acontecendo no nono mês de sua presidência, o envolvimento dos EUA na guerra essencialmente acabou. Internamente, Ford presidiu durante a pior crise econômica desde a Grande Depressão, com uma crescente recessão e inflação. Uma de suas ações mais controversas foi o perdão presidencial a Nixon por seu papel no Caso Watergate. Durante seu mandato, sua política externa ficou caracterizada, em termos processuais, pelo aumento do papel do Congresso, e pelos correspondentes poderes do presidente. Em 1976, Ford derrotou com uma pequena margem Ronald Reagan para a indicação Republicana a presidente, porém perdeu a eleição para Jimmy Carter.

Após seu mandato, Ford permaneceu ativo no Partido Republicano. Após problemas de saúde, ele faleceu em sua casa em Rancho Mirage no dia 26 de dezembro de 2006. Com 93 anos e 165 dias de idade, Ford foi o terceiro presidente mais longevo dos Estados Unidos, atrás somente de George H. W. Bush e de Jimmy Carter, e sua presidência de 895 dias permanece até hoje a mais curta de todos os presidentes que não morreram no cargo.

„Todos nós que servimos em uma guerra ou outra sabe muito bem que em todas guerras estão a glória e a agonia do jovem.“

—  Gerald Ford

Discurso na 75a Convenção Anual de Veteranos de Guerras Estrangeiras (75th annual convention of the Veterans of Foreign Wars), Chicago, Illinois (19 de agosto de 1974)

„Demasiadas vezes parecem mais críticos com intenção de procurar novas formas de alterar o Congresso do que realmente saber como ele funciona. Eles talvez poderiam lucrar com o conselho de Thomas Huxley, que disse há um século: "Senta-te perante os fatos como uma criança pequena, que está preparada para abandonar cada ideia preconcebida - ou você não aprende nada."“

—  Gerald Ford

Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions. They might well profit from the advice of Thomas Huxley, who said a century ago: "Sit down before facts as a little child, be prepared to give up every preconceived notion — or you shall learn nothing."
Discurso na University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (3 de novembro de 1966); publicado em Gerald R. Ford,Selected Speeches (Discursos selecionados) (1973) editado por Michael V. Doyle

„Num sentido político, há um problema que atualmente sustenta todos os outros. Esse problema é fazer o Governo suficientemente sensível para o povo. Se nós não fazemos um governo respondendo ao povo, nós não o fazemos acreditável. E devemos fazer governo acreditável se quisermos ter uma democracia que funciona.“

—  Gerald Ford

In a political sense, there is one problem that currently underlies all of the others. That problem is making Government sufficiently responsive to the people. If we don't make government responsive to the people, we don't make it believable. And we must make government believable if we are to have a functioning democracy.
Discurso em Jacksonville University, Jacksonville, Florida (16 de dezembro de 1971); publicado em Gerald R. Ford, Selected Speeches (Falas selecionadas) (1973) editado por Michael V. Doyle

„A lição política de Watergate é isto: Nunca mais deve a América permitir que um guarda arrogante da elite de adolescentes políticos contorne a organização regular do partido e dite os termos de uma eleição nacional.“

—  Gerald Ford

The political lesson of Watergate is this: Never again must America allow an arrogant, elite guard of political adolescents to by-pass the regular party organization and dictate the terms of a national election.
Observação sobre o Comitê Reeleição do Presidente (Committee to Re-elect the President), como citado em The New York Times (31 de março de 1974)

„Como rejeitei anistia, então rejeito vingança. Peço todos americanos que jamais pediram bondade e misericórdia em suas vidas, que nunca procuraram perdão para suas ofensas, para se juntar em reabilitar todas as vítimas do trágico conflito do passado.“

—  Gerald Ford

As I rejected amnesty, so I reject revenge. I ask all Americans who ever asked for goodness and mercy in their lives, who ever sought forgiveness for their trespasses, to join in rehabilitating all the casualties of the tragic conflict of the past.
Declaração sobre os americanos que evitaram o projeto durante a Guerra do Vietnã, a Veteranos de Guerras Estrangeiras, Chicago, Illinois (19 de agosto de 1974)

„The founding of our Nation was more than a political event; it was an act of faith, a promise to Americans and to the entire world. The Declaration of Independence declared that people can govern themselves, that they can live in freedom with equal rights, that they can respect the rights of others.“

—  Gerald Ford

Memorial Day address, Arlington National Cemetery (31 May 1976) http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=6071
1970s
Contexto: The founding of our Nation was more than a political event; it was an act of faith, a promise to Americans and to the entire world. The Declaration of Independence declared that people can govern themselves, that they can live in freedom with equal rights, that they can respect the rights of others.
In the two centuries that have passed since 1776, millions upon millions of Americans have worked and taken up arms when necessary to make that dream a reality. We can be extremely proud of what they have accomplished. Today, we are the world's oldest republic. We are at peace. Our Nation and our way of life endure. We are free.

„It is believed that a trial of Richard Nixon, if it became necessary, could not fairly begin until a year or more has elapsed. In the meantime, the tranquility to which this nation has been restored by the events of recent weeks could be irreparably lost by the prospects of bringing to trial a former President of the United States.“

—  Gerald Ford, Presidential Proclamation 4311 of September 8, 1974, by President Gerald R. Ford granting a pardon to Richard M. Nixon. (NAID 299996)

Proclamation 4311, granting a pardon to former President Richard Nixon (8 September 1974)
1970s
Contexto: It is believed that a trial of Richard Nixon, if it became necessary, could not fairly begin until a year or more has elapsed. In the meantime, the tranquility to which this nation has been restored by the events of recent weeks could be irreparably lost by the prospects of bringing to trial a former President of the United States. The prospects of such trial will cause prolonged and divisive debate over the propriety of exposing to further punishment and degradation a man who has already paid the unprecedented penalty of relinquishing the highest elective office of the United States.
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States, pursuant to the pardon power conferred upon me by Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, have granted and by these presents do grant a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States which he, Richard Nixon, has committed or may have committed or taken part in during the period from January 20, 1969 through August 9, 1974.

„The oath that I have taken is the same oath that was taken by George Washington and by every President under the Constitution. But I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances never before experienced by Americans.“

—  Gerald Ford

1970s, First Presidential address (1974)
Contexto: The oath that I have taken is the same oath that was taken by George Washington and by every President under the Constitution. But I assume the Presidency under extraordinary circumstances never before experienced by Americans. This is an hour of history that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts.
Therefore, I feel it is my first duty to make an unprecedented compact with my countrymen. Not an inaugural address, not a fireside chat, not a campaign speech — just a little straight talk among friends. And I intend it to be the first of many.

„I have not sought this enormous responsibility, but I will not shirk it.“

—  Gerald Ford

1970s, First Presidential address (1974)
Contexto: I have not sought this enormous responsibility, but I will not shirk it. Those who nominated and confirmed me as Vice President were my friends and are my friends. They were of both parties, elected by all the people and acting under the Constitution in their name. It is only fitting then that I should pledge to them and to you that I will be the President of all the people.

„We have come tardily to the tremendous task of cleaning up our environment.“

—  Gerald Ford

Earth Day address, Grand Rapids, Michigan (22 April 1970); published in Gerald R. Ford, Selected Speeches (1973) edited by Michael V. Doyle <!-- p. 84 -->
1970s
Contexto: We have come tardily to the tremendous task of cleaning up our environment. We should have moved with similar zeal at least a decade ago. But no purpose is served by post-mortems. With visionary zeal but the greatest realism, we must now address ourselves to the vast problems that confront us.

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„Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions.“

—  Gerald Ford

Address at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (3 November 1966); published in Gerald R. Ford,Selected Speeches (1973) edited by Michael V. Doyle <!-- p. 114 -->
1960s
Contexto: Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions. They might well profit from the advice of Thomas Huxley, who said a century ago: "Sit down before facts as a little child, be prepared to give up every preconceived notion — or you shall learn nothing."

„An impeachable offense is whatever a majority of the House of Representatives considers it to be at a given moment in history“

—  Gerald Ford

Remarks in the U.S. House of Representatives in an effort to impeach Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas (15 April 1970); recorded in the Congressional Record, vol. 116, p. 11913.
1970s
Contexto: An impeachable offense is whatever a majority of the House of Representatives considers it to be at a given moment in history; conviction results from whatever offense or offenses two-thirds of the other body considers to be sufficiently serious to require removal of the accused from office.

„There is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe“

—  Gerald Ford

and there never will be under a Ford administration... The United States does not concede that those countries are under the domination of the Soviet Union.
Gaffe in the television debate with Jimmy Carter (6 October 1976)
1970s

„I believe that truth is the glue that holds government together, not only our Government but civilization itself.“

—  Gerald Ford

Ford is known to have used the words "truth is the glue that holds government together" several times prior to this.
1970s, First Presidential address (1974)
Contexto: I believe that truth is the glue that holds government together, not only our Government but civilization itself. That bond, though strained, is unbroken at home and abroad. In all my public and private acts as your President, I expect to follow my instincts of openness and candor with full confidence that honesty is always the best policy in the end.

„My conscience tells me it is my duty, not merely to proclaim domestic tranquillity but to use every means that I have to insure it.“

—  Gerald Ford

1970s, Remarks on pardoning Nixon (1974)
Contexto: My conscience tells me it is my duty, not merely to proclaim domestic tranquillity but to use every means that I have to insure it.
I do believe that the buck stops here, that I cannot rely upon public opinion polls to tell me what is right.
I do believe that right makes might and that if I am wrong, 10 angels swearing I was right would make no difference.
I do believe, with all my heart and mind and spirit, that I, not as President but as a humble servant of God, will receive justice without mercy if I fail to show mercy.
Finally, I feel that Richard Nixon and his loved ones have suffered enough and will continue to suffer, no matter what I do, no matter what we, as a great and good nation, can do together to make his goal of peace come true.

„Let us put an end to self-inflicted wounds. Let us remember that our national unity is a most priceless asset.“

—  Gerald Ford

Address to joint session of Congress (10 April 1975)
1970s
Contexto: Let us put an end to self-inflicted wounds. Let us remember that our national unity is a most priceless asset. Let us deny our adversaries the satisfaction of using Vietnam to pit Americans against Americans.

„Sit down before facts as a little child, be prepared to give up every preconceived notion — or you shall learn nothing.“

—  Gerald Ford

Address at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida (3 November 1966); published in Gerald R. Ford,Selected Speeches (1973) edited by Michael V. Doyle <!-- p. 114 -->
1960s
Contexto: Too often critics seem more intent on seeking new ways to alter Congress than to truly learn how it functions. They might well profit from the advice of Thomas Huxley, who said a century ago: "Sit down before facts as a little child, be prepared to give up every preconceived notion — or you shall learn nothing."

„There can be only one Commander in Chief. In these times crises cannot be managed and wars cannot be waged by committee, nor can peace be pursued solely by parliamentary debate.“

—  Gerald Ford

State of the Union Address (12 January 1977) http://www.ford.utexas.edu/library/speeches/761057.htm
1970s
Contexto: The exclusive right to declare war, the duty to advise and consent on the part of the Senate, the power of the purse on the part of the House are ample authority for the legislative branch and should be jealously guarded. But because we may have been too careless of these powers in the past does not justify congressional intrusion into, or obstruction of, the proper exercise of Presidential responsibilities now or in the future. There can be only one Commander in Chief. In these times crises cannot be managed and wars cannot be waged by committee, nor can peace be pursued solely by parliamentary debate. To the ears of the world, the President speaks for the Nation. While he is, of course, ultimately accountable to the Congress, the courts, and the people, he and his emissaries must not be handicapped in advance in their relations with foreign governments as has sometimes happened in the past.

„As President, within the limits of basic principles, my motto toward the Congress is communication, conciliation, compromise, and cooperation.“

—  Gerald Ford

Address to a joint session of Congress (August 12, 1974); in Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Gerald R. Ford, 1974, pp. 6–7
1970s
Contexto: I know well the coequal role of the Congress in our constitutional process. I love the House of Representatives. I revere the traditions of the Senate despite my too-short internship in that great body. As President, within the limits of basic principles, my motto toward the Congress is communication, conciliation, compromise, and cooperation.

„The old question still remains: Can a free people restrain crime without sacrificing fundamental liberties and a heritage of compassion?“

—  Gerald Ford

Address at Yale Law School's 150th anniversary (25 April 1975)
1970s
Contexto: The old question still remains: Can a free people restrain crime without sacrificing fundamental liberties and a heritage of compassion?
I am confident of the American answer. Let it become a vital element on America's new agenda. Let us show that we can temper together those opposite elements of liberty and restraint into one consistent whole. Let us set an example for the world of a law-abiding America glorying in its freedom as well as its respect for law.

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