Frases de George Soros
Data de nascimento: 12. Agosto 1930
Outros nomes:جرج سوروس
George Soros é um investidor, magnata dos negócios e filantropo húngaro-americano . Soros é considerado por muitos como um dos maiores investidores do mundo. Em fevereiro de 2017, ele tinha uma fortuna avaliada em US$ 25,2 bilhões de dólares, fazendo dele um dos trinta homens mais ricos do mundo.
Nascido em Budapeste, ele escapou da ocupação da Hungria pelas tropas da Alemanha Nazista e depois emigrou para a Inglaterra em 1947. Soros estudou na London School of Economics com um bacharelato e eventualmente conseguiu um mestrado em filosofia. Ele começou sua carreira de negócios trabalhando em bancos mercantis antes de se entranhar no negócio de fundos de cobertura, na Double Eagle, em 1969. Com o dinheiro que começou a construir ele criou a Soros Fund Management em 1970. A Double Eagle, renomeada Grupo Quantum Fund, se tornou a principal firma assessorada por Soros. Quando fundada, a Quantum Fund tinha cerca de US$ 12 milhões de dólares em ativos sob gestão. Em 2011, seus ativos já somavam mais de US$ 25 bilhões. Em 1992, ele ficou conhecido como "O Homem que Quebrou o Banco da Inglaterra" por causa da sua venda a descoberto de US$ 10 bilhões de dólares em libras esterlinas, o que gerou um lucro de US$ 1 bilhão para ele durante a chamada "Quarta-Feira Negra" britânica.
Seus estudos de filosofia o ajudou a desenvolver e implementar a teoria da reflexibilidade de Karl Popper para o mercado de capitais, o que, segundo ele próprio, o ajudou a ter uma nova visão dos valores de segurança de bolhas especulativas, investimentos em valor e no mercado de ações, além de discrepâncias de valor utilizados para valores de vendas e derivativos.
Soros também é conhecido por apoiar causas políticas progressistas e liberais, doando enormes somas de dinheiro para entidades políticas e ativistas através da sua fundação Open Society Foundations.
Entre 1979 e 2011, Soros doou mais de US$ 11 bilhões de dólares para causas filantrópicas. Ele também participou politicamente do processo de transição da Europa Oriental de comunismo para capitalismo no final da década de 1980 e começo da de 90, ajudando, entre outras coisas, a financiar a Universidade Centro-Europeia. Soros já foi casado três vezes e tem cinco filhos.
== Referências ==
Citações George Soros
„The fact that a thesis is flawed does not mean that we should not invest in it as long as other people believe in it and there is a large group of people left to be convinced. The point was made by John Maynard Keynes when he compared the stock market to a beauty contest where the winner is not the most beautiful contestant but the one whom the greatest number of people consider beautiful. Where I have something significant to add is in pointing out that it pays to look for the flaws; if we find them, we are ahead of the game because we can limit our losses when the market also discovers what we already know. It is when we are unaware of what could go wrong that we have to worry.“
— George Soros, The Alchemy of Finance
„Although we cannot rid ourselves of misconceptions, we can correct them when we become aware of them.“
— George Soros, The Age of Fallibility: Consequences of the War on Terror
„In my view, philanthropy goes against the grain; therefore it generates a lot of hypocrisy and many paradoxes. Here are some examples: Philanthropy is supposed to be devoted to the benefit of others, but philanthropists are primarily concerned with their own benefit; philanthropy is supposed to help people, yet it often makes people dependent and turns them into objects of charity; applicants tell foundations what they want to hear, then proceed to do what the applicant wants to do.“
„How good are markets in predicting real-world developments? Reading the record, it is striking how many calamities that I anticipated did not in fact materialise.
Financial markets constantly anticipate events, both on the positive and on the negative side, which fail to materialise exactly because they have been anticipated.
It is an old joke that the stock market has predicted seven of the last two recessions. Markets are often wrong.“
— George Soros
Context: The war in Iraq was misconceived from start to finish — if it has a finish. It is a war of choice, not of necessity, as President Bush claims. It goes without saying that Saddam was a tyrant, and it is good to be rid of him. But in invading Iraq as we did, without a second UN resolution, we violated international law. By mistreating and even torturing prisoners, we violated the Geneva conventions. President Bush has boasted that we do not need a permission slip from the international community, but our disregard for international law has endangered our security, particularly the security of our troops.
— George Soros
Context: It's more difficult, you know, to bring about positive change than it is to make money. It's much easier to make money, because it's a much easier way to measure success — the bottom line. When it comes to social consequences, they've got all different people acting in different ways, very difficult to even have a proper criterion of success. So, it's a difficult task. Why not use an entrepreneurial, rather than a bureaucratic, approach. As long as people genuinely care for the people they're trying to help, they can actually do a lot of good.
„The prevailing wisdom is that markets are always right. I take the opposition position. I assume that markets are always wrong. Even if my assumption is occasionally wrong, I use it as a working hypothesis.“
— George Soros
Context: The prevailing wisdom is that markets are always right. I take the opposition position. I assume that markets are always wrong. Even if my assumption is occasionally wrong, I use it as a working hypothesis. It does not follow that one should always go against the prevailing trend. On the contrary, most of the time the trend prevails; only occasionally are the errors corrected. It is only on those occasions that one should go against the trend. This line of reasoning leads me to look for the flaw in every investment thesis.... I am ahead of the curve. I watch out for telltale signs that a trend may be exhausted. Then I disengage from the herd and look for a different investment thesis. Or, if I think the trend has been carried to excess, I may probe going against it. Most of the time we are punished if we go against the trend. Only at an inflection point are we rewarded.
„The main obstacle to a stable and just world order is the United States. This is a harsh — indeed, for me, painful — thing to say, but unfortunately I am convinced it is true.“
— George Soros
Context: The main obstacle to a stable and just world order is the United States. This is a harsh — indeed, for me, painful — thing to say, but unfortunately I am convinced it is true. The United States continues to set the agenda for the world in spite of its loss of influence since 9/11, and the Bush administration is setting the wrong agenda. The Bush agenda is nationalistic: it emphasizes the use of force and ignores global problems whose solution requires international cooperation. The rest of the world dances to the tune the United States is playing, and if that continues too long we are in danger of destroying our civilization. Changing the attitude and policies of the United States remains my top priority. Prologue, p. xvi
„We need to maintain law and order. We need to maintain peace in the world. We need to protect the environment. We need to have some degree of social justice, equality of opportunity. The markets are not designed to take care of those needs. That's a political process.“
— George Soros
Context: We need to maintain law and order. We need to maintain peace in the world. We need to protect the environment. We need to have some degree of social justice, equality of opportunity. The markets are not designed to take care of those needs. That's a political process. And the market fundamentalists have managed to reduce providing those public goods.
„The Palestine problem does not have a purely military solution. Military superiority is necessary for Israel's national security, but it is not sufficient.“
— George Soros
Context: The Palestine problem does not have a purely military solution. Military superiority is necessary for Israel's national security, but it is not sufficient. The solution has to be political, as President Clinton recognized.