Frases de George Soros
Data de nascimento: 12. Agosto 1930
Outros nomes: جرج سوروس
George Soros é um investidor, magnata dos negócios e filantropo húngaro-americano . Soros é considerado por muitos como um dos maiores investidores do mundo. Em fevereiro de 2017, ele tinha uma fortuna avaliada em US$ 25,2 bilhões de dólares, fazendo dele um dos trinta homens mais ricos do mundo.
Nascido em Budapeste, ele escapou da ocupação da Hungria pelas tropas da Alemanha Nazista e depois emigrou para a Inglaterra em 1947. Soros estudou na London School of Economics com um bacharelato e eventualmente conseguiu um mestrado em filosofia. Ele começou sua carreira de negócios trabalhando em bancos mercantis antes de se entranhar no negócio de fundos de cobertura, na Double Eagle, em 1969. Com o dinheiro que começou a construir ele criou a Soros Fund Management em 1970. A Double Eagle, renomeada Grupo Quantum Fund, se tornou a principal firma assessorada por Soros. Quando fundada, a Quantum Fund tinha cerca de US$ 12 milhões de dólares em ativos sob gestão. Em 2011, seus ativos já somavam mais de US$ 25 bilhões. Em 1992, ele ficou conhecido como "O Homem que Quebrou o Banco da Inglaterra" por causa da sua venda a descoberto de US$ 10 bilhões de dólares em libras esterlinas, o que gerou um lucro de US$ 1 bilhão para ele durante a chamada "Quarta-Feira Negra" britânica.
Seus estudos de filosofia o ajudou a desenvolver e implementar a teoria da reflexibilidade de Karl Popper para o mercado de capitais, o que, segundo ele próprio, o ajudou a ter uma nova visão dos valores de segurança de bolhas especulativas, investimentos em valor e no mercado de ações, além de discrepâncias de valor utilizados para valores de vendas e derivativos.
Soros também é conhecido por apoiar causas políticas progressistas e liberais, doando enormes somas de dinheiro para entidades políticas e ativistas através da sua fundação Open Society Foundations.
Entre 1979 e 2011, Soros doou mais de US$ 11 bilhões de dólares para causas filantrópicas. Ele também participou politicamente do processo de transição da Europa Oriental de comunismo para capitalismo no final da década de 1980 e começo da de 90, ajudando, entre outras coisas, a financiar a Universidade Centro-Europeia. Soros já foi casado três vezes e tem cinco filhos.
== Referências ==
Citações George Soros
„As long as people genuinely care for the people they're trying to help, they can actually do a lot of good.“
— George Soros
Interview with Mark Shapiro (2000), Context: It's more difficult, you know, to bring about positive change than it is to make money. It's much easier to make money, because it's a much easier way to measure success — the bottom line. When it comes to social consequences, they've got all different people acting in different ways, very difficult to even have a proper criterion of success. So, it's a difficult task. Why not use an entrepreneurial, rather than a bureaucratic, approach. As long as people genuinely care for the people they're trying to help, they can actually do a lot of good.
„How good are markets in predicting real-world developments? Reading the record, it is striking how many calamities that I anticipated did not in fact materialise.
Financial markets constantly anticipate events, both on the positive and on the negative side, which fail to materialise exactly because they have been anticipated.
It is an old joke that the stock market has predicted seven of the last two recessions. Markets are often wrong.“
„The fact that a thesis is flawed does not mean that we should not invest in it as long as other people believe in it and there is a large group of people left to be convinced. The point was made by John Maynard Keynes when he compared the stock market to a beauty contest where the winner is not the most beautiful contestant but the one whom the greatest number of people consider beautiful. Where I have something significant to add is in pointing out that it pays to look for the flaws; if we find them, we are ahead of the game because we can limit our losses when the market also discovers what we already know. It is when we are unaware of what could go wrong that we have to worry.“
— George Soros, The Alchemy of Finance
„Although we cannot rid ourselves of misconceptions, we can correct them when we become aware of them.“
— George Soros, The Age of Fallibility: Consequences of the War on Terror
„In my view, philanthropy goes against the grain; therefore it generates a lot of hypocrisy and many paradoxes. Here are some examples: Philanthropy is supposed to be devoted to the benefit of others, but philanthropists are primarily concerned with their own benefit; philanthropy is supposed to help people, yet it often makes people dependent and turns them into objects of charity; applicants tell foundations what they want to hear, then proceed to do what the applicant wants to do.“
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„Equilibrium itself has rarely been observed in real life — market prices have a notorious habit of fluctuating.“
— George Soros
Context: Economic theory is devoted to the study of equilibrium positions. The concept of equilibrium is very useful. It allows us to focus on the final outcome rather than the process that leads up to it. But the concept is also very deceptive. It has the aura of something empirical: since the adjustment process is supposed to lead to an equilibrium, an equilibrium position seems somehow implicit in our observations. That is not true. Equilibrium itself has rarely been observed in real life — market prices have a notorious habit of fluctuating. The Alchemy of Finance: Reading the Mind of the Market (1987)
„We live in a global economy, but the political organization of our global society is woefully inadequate.“
— George Soros
The Crisis of Global Capitalism (1998), Context: We live in a global economy, but the political organization of our global society is woefully inadequate. We are bereft of the capacity to preserve peace and to counteract the excesses of the financial markets. Without these controls, the global economy, is liable to break down
„You know, I learned at a very early age that what kind of social system or political system prevails is very important. Not just for your well-being, but for your very survival.“
— George Soros
Interview with David Brancaccio (2003), Context: You know, I learned at a very early age that what kind of social system or political system prevails is very important. Not just for your well-being, but for your very survival. Because, you know, I could have been killed by the Nazis. I could have wasted my life under the Communists. So, that's what led me to this idea of an open society. And that is the idea that is motivating me.
„First, there is no single sustainable model for national success. Second, the American model, which has indeed been successful, is not available to others, because our success depends greatly on our dominant position at the center of the global capitalist system, and we are not willing to yield it.“
— George Soros
Context: The supremacist ideology of the Bush Administration stands in opposition to the principles of an open society, which recognize that people have different views and that nobody is in possession of the ultimate truth. The supremacist ideology postulates that just because we are stronger than others, we know better and have right on our side. The very first sentence of the September 2002 National Security Strategy (the President's annual laying out to Congress of the country's security objectives) reads, "The great struggles of the twentieth century between liberty and totalitarianism ended with a decisive victory for the forces of freedom and a single sustainable model for national success: freedom, democracy, and free enterprise." The assumptions behind this statement are false on two counts. First, there is no single sustainable model for national success. Second, the American model, which has indeed been successful, is not available to others, because our success depends greatly on our dominant position at the center of the global capitalist system, and we are not willing to yield it. "The Bubble of American Supremacy" in The Atlantic Monthly (December 2003), p. 63 - 66 http://www.globalpolicy.org/empire/analysis/2003/12supremacy.htm