Frases de Erving Goffman

Erving Goffman photo
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Erving Goffman

Data de nascimento: 11. Junho 1922
Data de falecimento: 19. Novembro 1982

Erving Goffman foi um cientista social, antropólogo, sociólogo e escritor canadense. Foi considerado "o sociólogo norte-americano mais influente do século XX". Em 2007, foi listado pelo “The Times Higher Education Guide” como o sexto autor nas ciências humanas e sociais mais citado, atrás de Anthony Giddens e à frente de Jürgen Habermas. Goffman foi o 74

º presidente da “American Sociological Association”. Sua contribuição mais conhecida para a teoria social é o seu estudo sobre interação simbólica. Este tomou a forma de análise dramatúrgica, começando com o seu livro de 1959, “A Representação do Eu”. Outras obras importantes de Goffman incluem Manicômios, Prisões e Conventos , Estigma: Notas Sobre a Manipulação da Identidade Deteriorada , Interaction Ritual , Frame Analysis , e Forms of Talk . Suas principais áreas de estudo incluíram a sociologia da vida cotidiana, a interação social, a construção social do eu, organização democrática da experiência, e elementos particulares da vida social, tais como instituições totais e estigmas.

Citações Erving Goffman

„The self… is not an organic thing that has a specific location, whose fundamental fate is to be born, to mature, to die; it is a dramatic effect arising diffusely from a scene that is presented.“

—  Erving Goffman, livro The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
1950s-1960s, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, 1959, p 252; Cited in: Javier Trevino, Goffman's Legacy. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003, p. 55.

„When an individual appears before others, he wittingly and unwittingly projects a definition of the situation, of which a conception of himself is an important part. When an event occurs which is expressively incompatible with this fostered impression, significant consequences are simultaneously felt in three levels of social reality, each of which involves a different point of reference and a different order of fact.
First, the social interaction, treated here as a dialogue between two teams, may come to an embarrassed and confused halt; the situation may cease to be defined, previous positions may become no longer tenable, and participants may find themselves without a charted course of action…
Secondly, in addition to these disorganizing consequences for action at the moment, performance disruptions may have consequences of a more far-reaching kind. Audiences tend to accept the self projected by the individual performer during any current performance as a responsible representative of his colleague-grouping, of his team, and of his social establishment…
Finally, we often find that the individual may deeply involve his ego in his identification with a particular role, establishment, and group and in his self-conception as someone who does not disrupt social interaction or let down the social units which depend upon that interaction.“

—  Erving Goffman, livro The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
1950s-1960s, The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, 1959, p. 155-6

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