Frases de Erving Goffman

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Erving Goffman

Data de nascimento:11. Junho 1922
Data de falecimento:19. Novembro 1982

Erving Goffman foi um cientista social, antropólogo, sociólogo e escritor canadense. Foi considerado "o sociólogo norte-americano mais influente do século XX". Em 2007, foi listado pelo “The Times Higher Education Guide” como o sexto autor nas ciências humanas e sociais mais citado, atrás de Anthony Giddens e à frente de Jürgen Habermas. Goffman foi o 73º presidente da “American Sociological Association”. Sua contribuição mais conhecida para a teoria social é o seu estudo sobre interação simbólica. Este tomou a forma de análise dramatúrgica, começando com o seu livro de 1959, “A Representação do Eu”. Outras obras importantes de Goffman incluem Manicômios, Prisões e Conventos , Estigma: Notas Sobre a Manipulação da Identidade Deteriorada , Interaction Ritual , Frame Analysis , e Forms of Talk . Suas principais áreas de estudo incluíram a sociologia da vida cotidiana, a interação social, a construção social do eu, organização social da experiência, e elementos particulares da vida social, tais como instituições totais e estigmas.

Citações Erving Goffman

„As already suggested, when the individual first learns who it is that he must now accept a his own, he is likely, at the very least, to feel some ambivalence; for these others will not only be patently stigmatized, and thus not like the normal person he knows himself to be, but ma also have other attributes with which he finds it difficult to associate himself. What may end up as a freemasonry may begin with a shudder. A newly blind girl on a visit to The Lighthouse [probably the Chicago Lighthouse, one of the oldest social service agencies in Chicago serving the blind or visually impaired] directly from leaving the hospital provides an illustration:

„My questions about a guide dog were politely turned aside. Another sighted worker took me in tow to show me around. We visited the Braille library; the classrooms; the clubrooms where the blind members of the music and dramatic groups meet; the recreation hall where on festive occasion the blind play together; the cafeteria, where all the blind gather to eat together; the huge workshops where the blind earn a subsistence income by making mops and brooms, weaving rugs, caning chairs. As we moved from room to room, I could hear the shuffling of feet, the muted voices, the tap-tap-tapping of canes. Here was the safe, segregated world of the sightless — a completely different world, I was assured by the social worker, from the one I had just left….

I was expected to join this world. To give up my profession and to earn my living making mops. The Lighthouse would be happy to teach me how to make mops. I was to spend the rest of my life making mops with other blind people, eating with other blind people, dancing with other blind people. I became nauseated with fear, as the picture grew in my mind. Never had I come upon such destructive segregation.“ (p.37)“

— Erving Goffman
Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity