Frases de Edmund Hillary

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Edmund Hillary

Data de nascimento: 20. Julho 1919
Data de falecimento: 11. Janeiro 2008

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Edmund Percival Hillary KG, KBE foi um alpinista e explorador neozelandês, famoso principalmente pela primeira escalada bem sucedida do Monte Everest. Ele e o guia sherpa Tenzing Norgay atingiram os 8848 metros do cume em 29 de maio de 1953.

Nascido na Ilha Norte, próximo a Auckland e iniciou-se no alpinismo durante a adolescência, obtendo sua primeira subida significativa em 1939. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial foi navegador da Royal New Zealand Air Force. Participou de uma fracassada expedição neozelandesa ao Everest em 1951 antes de tomar parte da bem-sucedida tentativa britânica de 1953. Escalou outros dez picos do Himalaia em visitas posteriores em 1956, 1960-61 e 1963-65. Alcançou também o Polo Sul, como parte da Expedição Britânica Trans-Antártica, em 4 de janeiro de 1958.

Foi nomeado cavaleiro da Ordem do Império Britânico em 16 de julho de 1953, membro da Ordem da Nova Zelândia em 1987 e cavaleiro da Ordem da Jarreteira em 23 de abril de 1995.

Hillary devotou muito de sua vida para ajudar o povo Sherpa do Nepal através da Himalayan Trust que ele fundou e à qual dedicou grande parte de seu tempo e energia. Devido aos seus esforços conseguiu construir várias escolas e hospitais nessa remota região do Himalaia. Tem declarado que considera esta como sua mais importante realização. Foi também presidente honorário da American Himalayan Foundation, uma sociedade sem fins lucrativos norte-americana que contribui com a melhora nas condições ambientais e de vida no Himalaia.

Foi dele a ideia de construir o aeroporto de Lukla, que aumentou o turismo de estrangeiros, uma das grandes fontes de renda do Nepal. Este aeroporto nas montanhas é a base de onde partem os grupos de trekking no Himalaia.

O Himalayan Trust e The Sir Edmund Hillay Foundation, juntos, construíram 25 escolas, dois hospitais e doze clínicas médicas. Construíram pontes sobre rios, campos de pouso para pequenos aviões, reergueram templos budistas e centros culturais. Criaram um "berçário de árvores", que replantou, desde 1990, um milhão de mudas no Parque Nacional de Sagarmatha.

Para marcar a ocasião do aniversário de 50 anos da primeira escalada bem sucedida do Everest, o governo nepalês conferiu a cidadania honorária a Edmund Hillary em uma celebração especial do jubileu de ouro na capital Kathmandu. Edmund Hillary foi o primeiro cidadão estrangeiro a receber tal honra no Nepal.

Edmund Hillary faleceu em 11 de janeiro de 2008, em um hospital em Auckland, na Nova Zelândia, aos 88 anos de idade. Seu corpo foi cremado e suas cinzas espalhadas no Golfo de Hauraki na Nova Zelândia.

Citações Edmund Hillary

„We didn’t know if it was humanly possible to reach the top of Mt. Everest.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: We didn’t know if it was humanly possible to reach the top of Mt. Everest. And even using oxygen as we were, if we did get to the top, we weren’t at all sure whether we wouldn’t drop dead or something of that nature.

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„My solar plexus was tight with fear as I ploughed on. Halfway up I stopped, exhausted. I could look down 10,000 feet between my legs, and I have never felt more insecure.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: My solar plexus was tight with fear as I ploughed on. Halfway up I stopped, exhausted. I could look down 10,000 feet between my legs, and I have never felt more insecure. Anxiously I waved Tenzing up to me. High Adventure : The True Story of the First Ascent of Everest (1955)

„The explorers of the past were great men and we should honour them. But let us not forget that their spirit lives on.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: The explorers of the past were great men and we should honour them. But let us not forget that their spirit lives on. It is still not hard to find a man who will adventure for the sake of a dream or one who will search, for the pleasure of searching, not for what he may find.

„I didn't worry about getting Tenzing to take a photograph of me — as far as I knew, he had never taken a photograph before, and the summit of Everest was hardly the place to show him how.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: Tenzing had been waiting patiently, but now, at my request, he unfurled the flags wrapped around his ice–axe and standing at the summit, held them above his head. Clad in all his bulky equipment and with the flags flapping furiously in the wind, he made a dramatic picture, and the thought drifted through my mind that this photograph should be a good one if it came out at all. I didn't worry about getting Tenzing to take a photograph of me — as far as I knew, he had never taken a photograph before, and the summit of Everest was hardly the place to show him how. On the photograph of Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay at the summit of Everest, in "Adventure's End" in The Norton Book of Sports (1992) edited by George Plimpton, p. 86

„It was too late to take risks now. I asked Tenzing to belay me strongly, and I started cutting a cautious line of steps up the ridge. Peering from side to side and thrusting with my ice axe, I tried to discover a possible cornice, but everything seemed solid and firm. I waved Tenzing up to me. A few more whacks of the ice–ax, a few very weary steps, and we were on the summit of Everest.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: It was too late to take risks now. I asked Tenzing to belay me strongly, and I started cutting a cautious line of steps up the ridge. Peering from side to side and thrusting with my ice axe, I tried to discover a possible cornice, but everything seemed solid and firm. I waved Tenzing up to me. A few more whacks of the ice–ax, a few very weary steps, and we were on the summit of Everest. It was 11:30 AM. My first sensation was one of relief — relief that the long grind was over, that the summit had been reached before our oxygen supplies had dropped to a critical level; and relief that in the end the mountain had been kind to us in having a pleasantly rounded cone for its summit instead of a fearsome and unapproachable cornice. But mixed with the relief was a vague sense of astonishment that I should have been the lucky one to attain the ambition of so many brave and determined climbers. I seemed difficult to grasp that we'd got there. I was too tired and too conscious of the long way down to safety really to feel any great elation. But as the fact of our success thrust itself more clearly into my mind, I felt a quiet glow of satisfaction spread through my body — a satisfaction less vociferous but more powerful than I had ever felt on a mountain top before. I turned and looked at Tenzing. Even beneath his oxygen mask and the icicles hanging form his hair, I could see his infectious grin of sheer delight. I held out my hand, and in silence we shook in good Anglo-Saxon fashion. But this was not enough for Tenzing, and impulsively he threw his arm around my shoulders and we thumped each other on the back in mutual congratulations. "Adventure's End" in The Norton Book of Sports (1992) edited by George Plimpton, p. 85

„On my expedition there was no way that you would have left a man under a rock to die. It simply would not have happened.“

— Edmund Hillary
Context: On my expedition there was no way that you would have left a man under a rock to die. It simply would not have happened. It would have been a disaster from our point of view. There have been a number of occasions when people have been neglected and left to die and I don’t regard this as a correct philosophy. I am absolutely certain that if any member of our expedition all those years ago had been in that situation we would have made every effort. As quoted in [http://www.tribuneindia.com/2006/20060529/world.htm The Tribune (India) (29 May 2006)]

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„People do not decide to become extraordinary. They decide to accomplish extraordinary things.“

— Edmund Hillary
Though widely attributed to Hillary on the internet, this appears to have originated as a quote about him in a Rolex advertisement.

„Well, we knocked the bastard off!“

— Edmund Hillary
Hillary's comment to George Lowe, after his successful ascent of Mt Everest, as he and Tenzing Norgay were descending from the summit. (29 May 1953); as recounted in Nothing Venture, Nothing Win (1975) Ch. 10; also recounted as "Well George, we’ve knocked the bastard off." as quoted by Jan Morris in [http://www.time.com/time/time100/heroes/profile/hillary_norgay01.html "Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay" for TIME magazine (14 June 1999)]

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„It is not the mountain we conquer, but ourselves.“

— Edmund Hillary
As quoted in That's Life : Wild Wit & Wisdom (2003) by Bonnie Louise Kuchler, p. 20

„I am hell-bent for the South Pole — God willing and crevasses permitting.“

— Edmund Hillary
Comment (28 December 1957) eight days before he reached the South Pole as part of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, as quoted in news summaries (5 January 1958)

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