Frases de Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur foto
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Douglas MacArthur

Data de nascimento: 26. Janeiro 1880
Data de falecimento: 5. Abril 1964

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Douglas MacArthur foi um oficial militar norte-americano que serviu tanto no Exército dos Estados Unidos quanto no Exército Filipino e desempenhou um papel proeminente no Teatro do Pacífico durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial. Ele recebeu a Medalha de Honra por seu serviço na Campanha das Filipinas e tornou-se um de apenas cinco homens a alcançar a patente de General do Exército nos Estados Unidos, também sendo o único homem a ser Marechal de Campo das forças armadas das Filipinas.

MacArthur nasceu em uma família de histórico militar no Velho Oeste norte-americano, estudando na Academia Militar do Oeste do Texas e na Academia Militar dos Estados Unidos, onde se formou em 1903 como o primeiro de sua turma. Ele conduziu uma missão de reconhecimento durante a Ocupação de Veracruz pelos Estados Unidos, pela qual foi nomeado para a Medalha de Honra. MacArthur foi promovido a coronel em 1917 e tornou-se chefe do estado maior da 42ª Divisão de Infantaria. Em seguida lutou na Primeira Guerra Mundial, alcançando a patente de general de brigada e sendo novamente nomeado para a Medalha de Honra, recebendo a Cruz de Serviço Distinto duas vezes e a Estrela de Prata sete.

Ele serviu como Superintendente da Academia Militar de West Point entre 1919 e 1922, tentando implantar uma série de reformas. Depois disso foi designado para as Filipinas, onde foi instrumental em 1924 para acabar com um motim de oficiais. MacArthur foi um dos juízes da corte marcial do general Billy Mitchell e presidente do Comitê Olímpico dos Estados Unidos para os Jogos de 1928 em Amsterdã. Ele tornou-se Chefe do Estado Maior do Exército em 1930, envolvendo-se como tal na expulsão de veteranos da Primeira Guerra que protestaram em Washington e também no estabelecimento no Corpo Civil de Conservação. MacArthur aposentou-se em 1937 e foi ser conselheiro militar para o governo filipino.

MacArthur voltou para o serviço em 1941 como comandante das Forças Armadas dos Estados Unidos no Extremo Oriente. Os japoneses invadiram as Filipinas em dezembro, forçando-o a recuar para Bataan e depois fugir para a Austrália. Ele recebeu a Medalha de Honra por suas ações na defesa das Filipinas e lutou no Pacífico pelos dois anos seguintes até reconquistar as Filipinas. MacArthur oficialmente aceitou a rendição do Japão em 2 de setembro de 1945, supervisionando a ocupação do país até 1951. Ele liderou o Comando das Nações Unidas na Guerra da Coreia até ser removido do comando. MacAthur voltou para a vida particular e morreu de cirrose em 1964. Seu legado é em sua maior parte misto.

Citações Douglas MacArthur

„We have known the bitterness of defeat and the exultation of triumph, and from both we have learned there can be no turning back. We must go forward to preserve in peace what we won in war.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: We have known the bitterness of defeat and the exultation of triumph, and from both we have learned there can be no turning back. We must go forward to preserve in peace what we won in war. A new era is upon us. Even the lesson of victory itself brings with it profound concern, both for our future security and the survival of civilization. The destructiveness of the war potential, through progressive advances in scientific discovery, has in fact now reached a point which revises the traditional concepts of war.

„Here are centered the hopes and aspirations and faith of the entire human race. I do not stand here as advocate for any partisan cause, for the issues are fundamental and reach quite beyond the realm of partisan consideration. They must be resolved on the highest plane of national interest if our course is to prove sound and our future protected.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: Here are centered the hopes and aspirations and faith of the entire human race. I do not stand here as advocate for any partisan cause, for the issues are fundamental and reach quite beyond the realm of partisan consideration. They must be resolved on the highest plane of national interest if our course is to prove sound and our future protected. I trust, therefore, that you will do me the justice of receiving that which I have to say as solely expressing the considered viewpoint of a fellow American.

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„It is part of the general pattern of misguided policy that our country is now geared to an arms economy which was bred in an artificially induced psychosis of war hysteria and nurtured upon an incessant propaganda of fear.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: It is part of the general pattern of misguided policy that our country is now geared to an arms economy which was bred in an artificially induced psychosis of war hysteria and nurtured upon an incessant propaganda of fear. While such an economy may produce a sense of seeming prosperity for the moment, it rests on an illusionary foundation of complete unreliability and renders among our political leaders almost a greater fear of peace than is their fear of war. Speech to the Michigan legislature, in Lansing, Michigan (15 May 1952), published in General MacArthur Speeches and Reports 1908-1964 (2000) by Edward T. Imparato, p. 206, much of this was used in speeches of 1951, as quoted in The Twenty-year Revolution from Roosevelt to Eisenhower (1954) by Chesly Manly, p. 3, and Total Insecurity : The Myth Of American Omnipotence (2004) by Carol Brightman, p. 182<!--

„I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barrack ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that "old soldiers never die; they just fade away."
And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: I am closing my 52 years of military service. When I joined the Army, even before the turn of the century, it was the fulfillment of all of my boyish hopes and dreams. The world has turned over many times since I took the oath on the plain at West Point, and the hopes and dreams have long since vanished, but I still remember the refrain of one of the most popular barrack ballads of that day which proclaimed most proudly that "old soldiers never die; they just fade away." And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty. Audio clip (ogg format)

„Today the guns are silent. A great tragedy has ended. A great victory has been won.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: Today the guns are silent. A great tragedy has ended. A great victory has been won. The skies no longer rain with death — the seas bear only commerce — men everywhere walk upright in the sunlight. The entire world lies quietly at peace. The holy mission has been completed. And in reporting this to you, the people, I speak for the thousands of silent lips, forever stilled among the jungles and the beaches and in the deep waters of the Pacific which marked the way.

„Talk of imminent threat to our national security through the application of external force is pure nonsense.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: Talk of imminent threat to our national security through the application of external force is pure nonsense. Our threat is from the insidious forces working from within which have already so drastically altered the character of our free institutions — those institutions we proudly called the American way of life. Speech to the Michigan legislature, in Lansing, Michigan (15 May 1952), published in General MacArthur Speeches and Reports 1908-1964 (2000) by Edward T. Imparato, p. 206; part of this was also used in a speech in Boston, as quoted in [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,856843,00.html TIME magazine (6 August 1951)]

„In war there is no substitute for victory.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: War's very object is victory, not prolonged indecision. In war there is no substitute for victory.

„I address you with neither rancor nor bitterness in the fading twilight of life, with but one purpose in mind: to serve my country. The issues are global and so interlocked that to consider the problems of one sector, oblivious to those of another, is but to court disaster for the whole.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: I address you with neither rancor nor bitterness in the fading twilight of life, with but one purpose in mind: to serve my country. The issues are global and so interlocked that to consider the problems of one sector, oblivious to those of another, is but to court disaster for the whole. While Asia is commonly referred to as the Gateway to Europe, it is no less true that Europe is the Gateway to Asia, and the broad influence of the one cannot fail to have its impact upon the other.

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„There is no substitute for victory.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: It seems strangely difficult for some to realize that here in Asia is where the Communist conspirators have elected to make their play for global conquest, and that we have joined the issue thus raised on the battlefield; that here we fight Europe’s war with arms while the diplomats there still fight it with words; that if we lose the war to communism in Asia the fall of Europe is inevitable, win it and Europe most probably would avoid war and yet preserve freedom. As you pointed out, we must win. There is no substitute for victory. Letter to Representative Joseph W. Martin, Jr., (20 March 1951); read to the House by Martin on April 5.

„I have constantly called for the new political decisions essential to a solution.
Efforts have been made to distort my position. It has been said, in effect, that I was a warmonger. Nothing could be further from the truth. I know war as few other men now living know it, and nothing to me is more revolting. I have long advocated its complete abolition, as its very destructiveness on both friend and foe has rendered it useless as a means of settling international disputes. … But once war is forced upon us, there is no other alternative than to apply every available means to bring it to a swift end.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: We could hold in Korea by constant maneuver and in an approximate area where our supply line advantages were in balance with the supply line disadvantages of the enemy, but we could hope at best for only an indecisive campaign with its terrible and constant attrition upon our forces if the enemy utilized its full military potential. I have constantly called for the new political decisions essential to a solution. Efforts have been made to distort my position. It has been said, in effect, that I was a warmonger. Nothing could be further from the truth. I know war as few other men now living know it, and nothing to me is more revolting. I have long advocated its complete abolition, as its very destructiveness on both friend and foe has rendered it useless as a means of settling international disputes. … But once war is forced upon us, there is no other alternative than to apply every available means to bring it to a swift end.

„Men since the beginning of time have sought peace.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: Men since the beginning of time have sought peace. Various methods through the ages have been attempted to devise an international process to prevent or settle disputes between nations. From the very start workable methods were found in so far as individual citizens were concerned, but the mechanics of an instrumentality of larger international scope have never been successful. Military alliances, balances of power, Leagues of Nations, all in turn failed, leaving the only path to be by way of the crucible of war. The utter destructiveness of war now blocks out this alternative. We have had our last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door.

„Today, freedom is on the offensive, democracy is on the march.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: We stand in Tokyo today reminiscent of our countryman, Commodore Perry, ninety-two years ago. His purpose was to bring to Japan an era of enlightenment and progress, by lifting the veil of isolation to the friendship, trade, and commerce of the world. But alas the knowledge thereby gained of western science was forged into an instrument of oppression and human enslavement. Freedom of expression, freedom of action, even freedom of thought were denied through appeal to superstition, and through the application of force. We are committed by the Potsdam Declaration of principles to see that the Japanese people are liberated from this condition of slavery. … To the Pacific basin has come the vista of a new emancipated world. Today, freedom is on the offensive, democracy is on the march. Today, in Asia as well as in Europe, unshackled peoples are tasting the full sweetness of liberty, the relief from fear.

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„If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door.“

— Douglas MacArthur
Context: Men since the beginning of time have sought peace. Various methods through the ages have been attempted to devise an international process to prevent or settle disputes between nations. From the very start workable methods were found in so far as individual citizens were concerned, but the mechanics of an instrumentality of larger international scope have never been successful. Military alliances, balances of power, Leagues of Nations, all in turn failed, leaving the only path to be by way of the crucible of war. The utter destructiveness of war now blocks out this alternative. We have had our last chance. If we will not devise some greater and more equitable system, Armageddon will be at our door.

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