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Bernard Montgomery

Data de nascimento: 17. Novembro 1887
Data de falecimento: 24. Março 1976

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Bernard Law Montgomery, 1º Visconde Montgomery de Alamein foi um oficial militar britânico durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial por vezes referido como "Monty". Frequentou o Royal Military College, em Sandhurst. Casou-se com Elizabeth Carver e teve um filho, chamado David.

Combateu na Primeira Guerra Mundial, onde alcançou o posto de tenente-coronel e sofreu dois tiros, um sendo no peito, ficando 3 horas no campo de batalha até ser retirado e receber atendimento. Durante a Guerra Irlandesa de Independência , Montgomery foi o oficial em comando do condado de Cork, Irlanda o maior condado da área. Este conflito foi notável pela sua ferocidade e pelas represálias levadas a efeito pelas forças do Reino Unido. Foi promovido a general em 1938. Durante a campanha na França em 1940, ele comandou uma das divisões britânicas, e evacuou em Dunkirk.

Citações Bernard Montgomery

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„Monty' was the victor of the Alamein campaign which turned the tide in North Africa; he was enormously popular with the troops under his command and with the British public. Three years older than Eisenhower, his military career was fuller. The son of a clergyman, he followed a conventional path from public school to the British army academy at Sandhurst. In 1914 he was a lieutenant in the Royal Warwickshire Regiment. He saw fierce fighting on the Western front, was severely wounded, returned to the front and ended the war as a divisional chief-of-staff with the rank of major; two years later he saw combat again, against Sinn Fein in the struggle for Irish independence. Between the wars he was a successful staff officer; when war broke out again he was a major-general. As with Eisenhower, real responsibility came only in 1942 when Churchill chose him to take over the 8th Army in Egypt and turn back the Axis armies advancing on Suez. He was a good organizer and a careful strategist. His bloody baptism of fire in 1914 taught him not to gamble with the lives of his men. He suffered fools not at all, and had little respect for rank and distinction. He believed that officers should get close to their men, but with fellow commanders he could be prickly and arrogant. He possessed a strong self-belief which he communicated to those below him, but it was a quality that made him intolerant of allies and colleagues where Eisenhower was a model of appeasement. The eventual success of their awkward partnership owed more to Eisenhower's self-restraint than it did to any diffidence on the part of Montgomery.“

— Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Richard Overy, Why the Allies Won (1995), p. 144-145

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„In defeat, unbeatable; in victory, unbearable.“

— Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Winston Churchill, quoted in Ambrosia and Small Beer (1964) by Edward Marsh

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„Leadership is the capacity and will to rally men and women to a common purpose and the character which inspires confidence.“

— Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
As quoted in Hearts Touched With Fire: My 500 Favorite Inspirational Quotations (2004) by Elizabeth Hanford Dole, p. 143

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