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Albert Speer

Data de nascimento: 19. Março 1905
Data de falecimento: 1. Setembro 1981

Berthold Konrad Hermann Albert Speer foi o arquiteto-chefe e ministro do Armamento do Terceiro Reich. Conhecido como "o bom nazista",[ligação inativa] - um retrato que posteriormente se revelou falso - ele assumiu todas as responsabilidades por atos que teria cometido durante o regime nazi nos Julgamentos de Nuremberg.Speer entrou para o Partido Nazista em 1931. Com grande talento na arquitetura, rapidamente se tornou uma das pessoas mais próximas de Hitler. O ditador designou Speer para a construção de diversas obras, incluindo a Chancelaria do Reich. Speer também fez planos para a reconstrução de Berlim, com grandes edifícios, amplas alamedas e renovação do sistema de transporte.Como Ministro do Armamento, Speer foi responsável pela grande produtividade da Alemanha neste setor nos anos finais da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Em 1946, ele foi julgado em Nuremberg e sentenciado a 20 anos de prisão por sua participação no regime nazista, principalmente pelo uso de trabalho escravo nos campos de concentração. Ele serviu a maior parte de sua sentença na prisão de Spandau na Berlim Ocidental.Após sair de Spandau em 1966, Speer publicou dois best-sellers autobiográficos: Por Dentro do III Reich e Spandau - O Diário Secreto, detalhando seu relacionamento com Hitler e fornecendo histórias desconhecidas sobre o Terceiro Reich. Ele ainda escreveu um terceiro livro, Infiltration, sobre a Schutzstaffel. Speer morreu de causas naturais em 1981 em uma visita a Londres.

Citações Albert Speer

„At this time a high-ranking SS leader hinted to me that Himmler was preparing decisive steps. In February 1945, the Reichsführer-SS had assumed command of the Vistula Army Group, but he was no better than his successor at stopping the Russian advance. Hitler was now berating him also. Thus what personal prestige Himmler had retained was used up by a few weeks of commanding frontline troops. Nevertheless, everyone still feared Himmler, and I felt distinctly shaky one day on learning that Himmler was coming to see me about something that evening. This, incidentally, was the only time he ever called on me. My nervousness grew when Theodor Hupfauer, the new chief of our Central Office- with whom I had several times spoken rather candidly- told me in some trepidation that Gestapo chief Kaltenbrunner would be calling on him at the same hour. Before Himmler entered, by adjutant whispered to me: "He's alone." My office was without window panes; we no longer bothered replacing them since they were blasted out by bombs every few days. A wretched candle stood at the center of the table; the electricity was out again. Wrapped in our coats, we sat facing one another. Himmler talked about minor matters, asked about pointless details, and finally made the witless observation: "When the course is downhill there's always a floor to the valley, and once it is reached, Herr Speer, the ascent begins again." Since I expressed neither agreement nor disagreement with this proverbial wisdom and remained virtually monosyllabic throughout the conversation, he soon took his leave. I never found out what he wanted of it, or why Kaltenbrunner called on Hupfauer at the same time. Perhaps t hey had heard about my critical attitude and were seeking allies; perhaps they merely wanted to sound us out.“

—  Albert Speer

Fonte: Inside the Third Reich: Memoirs (1970), p. 427-428

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