Frases de Zenão de Cítio
Zenão de Cítio
Data de nascimento: 334 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 263 a.C.
Zenão de Cítio foi um filósofo da Grécia Antiga. Nasceu na ilha de Chipre. Lecionou em Atenas, onde fundou a escola filosófica estoica por volta de 300 a.C. Com base nas ideias dos cínicos, o estoicismo enfatizava a paz de espírito, conquistada através de uma vida plena de virtude, de acordo com as leis da natureza. O estoicismo floresceu como a filosofia predominante no mundo greco-romano até o advento do cristianismo.
Citações Zenão de Cítio
atribuída por Diogene Laerzio in "Vitae Philosophorum"
citado por Seneca en "Epístolas No. 82"
„If melodiously piping flutes sprang from the olive, would you doubt that a knowledge of flute-playing resided in the olive? And what if plane trees bore harps which gave forth rhythmical sounds? Clearly you would think in the same way that the art of music was possessed by plane trees. Why, then, seeing that the universe gives birth to beings that are animate and wise, should it not be considered animate and wise itself?“
As quoted in De Natura Deorum by Cicero, ii. 8.
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As quoted in Diogenes Laërtius Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, vii. 23.
Variant translation: The reason why we have two ears and only one mouth is that we may listen the more and talk the less.
„That which exercises reason is more excellent than that which does not exercise reason; there is nothing more excellent than the universe, therefore the universe exercises reason.“
As quoted in De Natura Deorum by Cicero, ii. 8.; iii. 9.
„The end may be defined as life in accordance with nature or, in other words, in accordance with our own human nature as well as that of the universe.“
As quoted by Diogenes Laërtius, in Lives of Eminent Philosophers: 'Zeno', 7.87.
The "end" here means “the goal of life.”
As quoted in Deipnosophists by Athenaeus, xiii. 561c.
As quoted in Epistles No. 82, by Seneca the Younger
As quoted in Tusculanae Quaestiones by Cicero, iv. 6.