Frases de William Morris

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William Morris

Data de nascimento: 24. Março 1834
Data de falecimento: 3. Outubro 1896
Outros nomes:উইলিয়াম মরিস, Вилијам Морис

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William Morris foi um designer têxtil, poeta, romancista, tradutor e ativista socialista inglês. Associado com o movimento artístico britânico Arts & crafts, foi um dos principais contribuidores para o revivalismo das artes têxteis e métodos tradicionais de produção. As suas contribuições literárias ajudaram a estabelecer o género de fantasia moderno, tendo também tido um papel significativo na divulgação do movimento socialista na Grã-Bretanha.

Nascido em Walthamstow, no Essex, no seio de uma família abastada da classe média, Morris foi profundamente influenciado pelo medievalismo durante a formação em estudos clássicos na Universidade de Oxford, onde se juntou ao Birmingham Set. Depois da universidade recebeu formação de arquitetura, casou com Jane Burden e criou laços de amizade com os artistas pré-rafaelitas Edward Burne-Jones e Dante Gabriel Rossetti e com o arquiteto neogótico Philip Webb. Webb e Morris projetaram a Casa Vermelha, onde Morris viveu entre 1859 e 1865, antes de se mudar para Bloomsbury, no centro de Londres. Em 1861, Morris fundou uma empresa de artes decorativas com Burne-Jones, Rossetti e Webb, entre outros, denominada Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. Devido à elevada procura, a empresa influenciou de forma profunda a decoração de interiores durante a era vitoriana, vendendo tapeçarias, papel de parede, tecidos, mobília e vitrais desenhados por Morris. Em 1875, Morris assumiu em exclusivo a direção da empresa, entretanto renomeada para Morris & Co.

Embora continuasse a ser proprietário da casa em Londres, em 1871 Morris aluga um retiro rural em Cotswolds, no Oxfordshire. Profundamente influenciado por visitas à Islândia, traduziu uma série de traduções de sagas islandesas juntamente com Eiríkr Magnússon. Publicou também uma série de poemas e romances épicos da sua autoria, como The Earthly Paradise , A Dream of John Ball , a utopia News from Nowhere e o romance de fantasia The Well at the World's End . Em 1877 fundou a Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings par afazer campanha contra os danos provocados pelos restauros da época. Aderindo ao marxismo e influenciado pelo anarquismo, na década de 1880 Morris torna-se um ativista do socialismo revolucionário. Depois de se ter envolvido na Federação Social Democrata, em 1884 funda a Liga Socialista, da qual se viria a separar em 1890. Em 1891 fundou a editora Kelmscott Press com o intuito de publicar livros inspirados pelas iluminuras, uma causa a que se dedicou até à morte.

Morris é considerado uma das mais importantes personalidades da cultura britânica durante a era Vitoriana. Embora enquanto vivo fosse conhecido sobretudo pela poesia, após a sua morte tornou-se mais conhecido pelo design. Fundada em 1955, a William Morris Society tem como finalidade a divulgação do seu legado. Para além das numerosas biografias, muito do seu trabalho pode ser visto em museus e galerias de arte e grande parte do que desenhou ainda se encontra em produção.

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Citações William Morris

„Love is enough: cherish life that abideth,
Lest ye die ere ye know him, and curse and misname him;
For who knows in what ruin of all hope he hideth,
On what wings of the terror of darkness he rideth?“

—  William Morris
Context: Love is enough: cherish life that abideth, Lest ye die ere ye know him, and curse and misname him; For who knows in what ruin of all hope he hideth, On what wings of the terror of darkness he rideth? And what is the joy of man's life that ye blame him For his bliss grown a sword, and his rest grown a fire?

„Alas, alas! another day gone by,
Another day and no soul come“

—  William Morris
Context: "Alas, alas! another day gone by, Another day and no soul come," she said; "Another year, and still I am not dead!" And with that word once more her head she raised, And on the trembling man with great eyes gazed.

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„No roaming now, my wars are passed away,
No long dull days devoid of happiness,
When such a love my yearning heart shall bless.“

—  William Morris
Context: So on he went, and on the way he thought Of all the glorious things of yesterday, Nought of the price whereat they must be bought, But ever to himself did softly say "No roaming now, my wars are passed away, No long dull days devoid of happiness, When such a love my yearning heart shall bless."

„So long as the system of competition in the production and exchange of the means of life goes on, the degradation of the arts will go on“

—  William Morris
Context: So long as the system of competition in the production and exchange of the means of life goes on, the degradation of the arts will go on; and if that system is to last for ever, then art is doomed, and will surely die; that is to say, civilization will die. "Art Under Plutocracy" (1883).

„Therefore, I bid you not dwell in hell but in heaven, or while ye must, upon earth, which is a part of heaven, and forsooth no foul part.“

—  William Morris
Context: Forsooth, brothers, fellowship is heaven, and lack of fellowship is hell: fellowship is life, and lack of fellowship is death: and the deeds that ye do upon the earth, it is for fellowship's sake that ye do them, and the life that is in it, that shall live on and on for ever, and each one of you part of it, while many a man's life upon the earth from the earth shall wane. Therefore, I bid you not dwell in hell but in heaven, or while ye must, upon earth, which is a part of heaven, and forsooth no foul part. Ch. 4: The Voice of John Ball

„Dreamer of dreams, born out of my due time,
Why should I strive to set the crooked straight?“

—  William Morris
Context: Dreamer of dreams, born out of my due time, Why should I strive to set the crooked straight? Let it suffice me that my murmuring rhyme Beats with light wing against the ivory gate, Telling a tale not too importunate To those who in the sleepy region stay, Lulled by the singer of an empty day.

„Pass by me, and hearken, and think of me not!“

—  William Morris
Context: Love is enough: draw near and behold me Ye who pass by the way to your rest and your laughter, And are full of the hope of the dawn coming after; For the strong of the world have bought me and sold me And my house is all wasted from threshold to rafter. — Pass by me, and hearken, and think of me not!

„The dreams of the dawn wherein death and hope strive.“

—  William Morris
Context: Lo, the lovers unloved that draw nigh for your blessing! For your tale makes the dreaming whereby yet they live The dreams of the day with their hopes of redressing, The dreams of the night with the kisses they give, The dreams of the dawn wherein death and hope strive.

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„Forsooth, brothers, fellowship is heaven, and lack of fellowship is hell“

—  William Morris
Context: Forsooth, brothers, fellowship is heaven, and lack of fellowship is hell: fellowship is life, and lack of fellowship is death: and the deeds that ye do upon the earth, it is for fellowship's sake that ye do them, and the life that is in it, that shall live on and on for ever, and each one of you part of it, while many a man's life upon the earth from the earth shall wane. Therefore, I bid you not dwell in hell but in heaven, or while ye must, upon earth, which is a part of heaven, and forsooth no foul part. Ch. 4: The Voice of John Ball

„Yet their hands shall not tremble, their feet shall not falter;
The void shall not weary, the fear shall not alter
These lips and these eyes of the loved and the lover.“

—  William Morris
Context: Love is enough: though the World be a-waning And the woods have no voice but the voice of complaining, Though the sky be too dark for dim eyes to discover The gold-cups and daisies fair blooming thereunder, Though the hills be held shadows, and the sea a dark wonder, And this day draw a veil over all deeds passed over, Yet their hands shall not tremble, their feet shall not falter; The void shall not weary, the fear shall not alter These lips and these eyes of the loved and the lover.

„But the kissed lips of Love and fair life everlasting!
Cry out, for one heedeth, who leadeth you home!“

—  William Morris
Context: Come — pain ye shall have, and be blind to the ending! Come — fear ye shall have, mid the sky's overcasting! Come — change ye shall have, for far are ye wending! Come — no crown ye shall have for your thirst and your fasting, But the kissed lips of Love and fair life everlasting! Cry out, for one heedeth, who leadeth you home!

„Its contempt of simple pleasures which everyone could enjoy but for its folly? Its eyeless vulgarity which has destroyed art, the one certain solace of labour?“

—  William Morris
Context: What shall I say concerning its mastery of and its waste of mechanical power, its commonwealth so poor, its enemies of the commonwealth so rich, its stupendous organization — for the misery of life! Its contempt of simple pleasures which everyone could enjoy but for its folly? Its eyeless vulgarity which has destroyed art, the one certain solace of labour? All this I felt then as now, but I did not know why it was so. The hope of the past times was gone, the struggles of mankind for many ages had produced nothing but this sordid, aimless, ugly confusion. Why I Am A Socialist (1884).

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„Ye know not how void is your hope and your living:
Depart with your helping lest yet ye undo me!“

—  William Morris
Context: Ye know not how void is your hope and your living: Depart with your helping lest yet ye undo me! Ye know not that at nightfall she draweth near to me, There is soft speech between us and words of forgiving Till in dead of the midnight her kisses thrill through me. — Pass by me and harken, and waken me not!

„All this I have seen in the dreams of the night clearer than I can force myself to see them in dreams of the day. So that it would have been nothing new to me the other night to fall into an architectural dream if that were all, and yet I have to tell of things strange and new that befell me after I had fallen asleep.“

—  William Morris
Context: When I was journeying (in a dream of the night) down the well-remembered reaches of the Thames betwixt Streatley and Wallingford, where the foothills of the White Horse fall back from the broad stream, I came upon a clear-seen mediæval town standing up with roof and tower and spire within its walls, grey and ancient, but untouched from the days of its builders of old. All this I have seen in the dreams of the night clearer than I can force myself to see them in dreams of the day. So that it would have been nothing new to me the other night to fall into an architectural dream if that were all, and yet I have to tell of things strange and new that befell me after I had fallen asleep. Ch. 1: The Men of Kent

„Your hearts make all plain in the best wise they would
And the world ye thought waning is glorious and good...“

—  William Morris
Context: Till again shall the change come, and words your lips say not Your hearts make all plain in the best wise they would And the world ye thought waning is glorious and good...

„I love art, and I love history, but it is living art and living history that I love...“

—  William Morris
Context: I love art, and I love history, but it is living art and living history that I love... It is in the interest of living art and living history that I oppose so-called restoration. What history can there be in a building bedaubed with ornament, which cannot at the best be anything but a hopeless and lifeless imitation of the hope and vigour of the earlier world? "The History of Pattern-Designing" lecture (1882) The Collected Works of William Morris (1910 - 1915) Vol. 22.

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