Frases de William Henry Beveridge

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William Henry Beveridge

Data de nascimento: 5. Março 1879
Data de falecimento: 16. Março 1963

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William Henry Beveridge, 1º Barão de Beveridge foi um economista e reformista social britânico.

Elaborou em 1942, durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, o Report on Social Insurance and Allied Services, conhecido como Plano Beveridge, visando libertar o homem da necessidade.

Propôs que todas as pessoas em idade de trabalhar deveriam pagar uma contribuição semanal ao Estado. Esse dinheiro seria posteriormente usado como subsídio para doentes, desempregados, reformados e viúvas. Os subsídios deveriam então tornar-se um direito dos cidadãos, em troca de contribuições, em vez de pensões dadas pelo Estado. Segundo Beveridge, este sistema permitiria um nível de vida mínimo, abaixo do qual ninguém deveria viver.

Recomendou que o governo inglês deveria encontrar formas de combater os cinco grandes males da sociedade: a escassez, a doença, a ignorância, a miséria e a ociosidade.

Beveridge seguiu o modelo do "seguro doença" do alemão Otto von Bismarck , seguro este que passou a ser uma contribuição obrigatória, feita por todos os trabalhadores, com o objetivo de financiar os cuidados de saúde.

O Plano Beveridge é considerado o responsável pelo surgimento do plano da assistência social moderna.

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Citações William Henry Beveridge

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„Any proposals for the future, while they should use to the full the experience gathered in the past, should not be restricted by consideration of sectional interests established in the obtaining of that experience.“

—  William Beveridge
Context: Any proposals for the future, while they should use to the full the experience gathered in the past, should not be restricted by consideration of sectional interests established in the obtaining of that experience. Now, when the war is abolishing landmarks of every kind, is the opportunity for using experience in a clear field. A revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching. Pt. 1, 7

„Organisation of social insurance should be treated as one part only of a comprehensive policy of social progress.“

—  William Beveridge
Context: Organisation of social insurance should be treated as one part only of a comprehensive policy of social progress. Social insurance fully developed may provide income security; it is an attack upon Want. But Want is one only of five giants on the road of reconstruction and in some ways the easiest to attack. The others are Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. Pt. 1, 8

„A revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching.“

—  William Beveridge
Context: Any proposals for the future, while they should use to the full the experience gathered in the past, should not be restricted by consideration of sectional interests established in the obtaining of that experience. Now, when the war is abolishing landmarks of every kind, is the opportunity for using experience in a clear field. A revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching. Pt. 1, 7

„Want is one only of five giants on the road of reconstruction and in some ways the easiest to attack. The others are Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness.“

—  William Beveridge
Context: Organisation of social insurance should be treated as one part only of a comprehensive policy of social progress. Social insurance fully developed may provide income security; it is an attack upon Want. But Want is one only of five giants on the road of reconstruction and in some ways the easiest to attack. The others are Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. Pt. 1, 8

„Scratch a pessimist and you find often a defender of privilege.“

—  William Beveridge
As quoted in "Sayings of the Week" in The Observer [London] (17 December 1943)

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