Frases de William H. McNeill
William H. McNeill
Data de nascimento: 31. Outubro 1917
Data de falecimento: 8. Julho 2016
William Hardy McNeill foi um autor e historiador canado-estadunidense de história global, particularmente reconhecido por seus escritos sobre a civilização ocidental. Após adquirir os títulos de bacharel e mestre nos anos 1930, serviu alguns anos no exército dos Estados Unidos durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial. Ao retornar, tornou-se em 1947 professor da Universidade de Chicago, posto que mantêm atual como professor emérito. Nos anos 1960 publicou sua obra mais famosa, O Emergir do Ocidente: Uma História da Comunidade Humana, e pelos anos 1970, Pragas e Pessoas. Em 1964, recebeu um prêmio por sua publicação do O Emergir do Ocidente e em 2010 recebeu uma medalha do presidente Barack Obama pelo conjunto de sua obra.
Citações William H. McNeill
„Religious history also offers another striking parallel between Rome and China. The Buddhist faith began to penetrate the Han empire in the first century A. D., and soon won converts in high places. Its period of official dominance in court circles extended from the third to the ninth centuries A. D. This obviously parallels the successes that came to Christianity in the Roman empire during the same period.“
— William H. McNeill
Ch.3 "Confluence of the Disease Pools of Eurasia: 500 B.C. to A.D. 1200".
„An irresistible cycle seemed to operate, repeating patterns of the ancient world where civil strife and war brought disaster... I surmised that patterned and predictable changes were in turn rooted in the very nature of civilization—the ineluctable breaker of custom and eroder of moral codes, and itself a product and expression of rapid technological and social change.“
„In Korea and Japan, the Chinese example began to find fertile ground as the political and social organization or those regions developed toward civilized complexity. Buddhist monks became the principle carriers of high Chinese culture to Korea and Japan.... The Chinese model, while of the utmost importance, never eclipsed the local differences that made Japan always and Korea sometimes so distinct from China as properly to constitute a separate civilization.“
„My principles require me merely to invite you to agree, while expecting the contrary. Missionaries do not make converts with such a message: millions are not mobilized by such tepid phrases. That is why the merely intellectual compulsion to regard human diversity and flux is unlikely to prevail against simpler systems of misunderstanding truly capable of altering the world in which we live.“
„Ever since language allowed human cultural evolution to impinge upon age-old processes of biological evolution, humankind has been in a position to upset older balances of nature in quite the same fashion as disease upsets the natural balance within a host's body. Time and again, a temporary approach to stabilization of new relationships occurred as natural limits to the ravages of humankind upon other life forms manifested themselves. Yet, sooner or later, and always within a span of time that remained miniscule in comparison with the standards of biological evolution, humanity discovered new techniques allowing fresh exploitation of hitherto inaccessible forms of life.“
— William H. McNeill
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