Frases de William Ewart Gladstone

William Ewart Gladstone foto
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William Ewart Gladstone

Data de nascimento: 29. Dezembro 1809
Data de falecimento: 19. Maio 1898
Outros nomes: 威廉格萊斯頓

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William Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS foi um político liberal britânico, primeiro como deputado no Parlamento e depois ocupando vários cargos no governo; líder do Partido Liberal , foi Primeiro-ministro do Reino Unido por quatro vezes.

Estadista britânico, oriundo da aristocracia escocesa, inicia a sua carreira política como deputado à Câmara dos Comuns pelo Partido Conservador . Posteriormente é Ministro do Comércio e das Colônias, assim como Chanceler do Tesouro nos gabinetes de Lorde Aberdeen, Lorde Palmerston e John Russell. Em 1855, integra-se no Partido Liberal; dez anos mais tarde, é presidente deste. É presidente do Governo entre 1868 e 1874. Durante esse período, seu grande rival político é Benjamin Disraeli, com quem se alterna no poder.

Entre 1879 e 1880, quando na oposição, Gladstone realiza uma campanha contra a política externa inglesa, que acusou de "imoral" , com inflamados discursos no condado de Midlothian.

Leva a cabo uma reforma do ensino, impõe a lei do voto secreto e a separação da Igreja e do Estado na Irlanda. A sua gestão caracteriza-se pela tentativa de solucionar o problema irlandês, a reforma do processo eleitoral e a luta em prol do Home Rule, que concede um Parlamento à Irlanda, mas não o consegue. Em 1894, após o fracasso do Home Rule e em plena crise econômica, retira-se para a vida privada.

Teve como seu grande conselheiro Lord Acton.

Gladstone foi sepultado na Abadia de Westminster.

Citações William Ewart Gladstone

„Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: Here is my first principle of foreign policy: good government at home. My second principle of foreign policy is this—that its aim ought to be to preserve to the nations of the world—and especially, were it but for shame, when we recollect the sacred name we bear as Christians, especially to the Christian nations of the world—the blessings of peace. That is my second principle. Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 115.

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„I am certain, from experience, of the immense advantage of strict account-keeping in early life.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: I am certain, from experience, of the immense advantage of strict account-keeping in early life. It is just like learning the grammar then, which when once learned need not be referred to afterwards. Letter to Mrs. Gladstone (14 January 1860), as quoted in Gladstone as Financier and Economist (1931) by F. W. Hirst, p. 242

„There should be a sympathy with freedom, a desire to give it scope, founded not upon visionary ideas, but upon the long experience of many generations within the shores of this happy isle, that in freedom you lay the firmest foundations both of loyalty and order; the firmest foundations for the development of individual character; and the best provision for the happiness of the nation at large.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: [My sixth principle is that] the foreign policy of England should always be inspired by the love of freedom. There should be a sympathy with freedom, a desire to give it scope, founded not upon visionary ideas, but upon the long experience of many generations within the shores of this happy isle, that in freedom you lay the firmest foundations both of loyalty and order; the firmest foundations for the development of individual character; and the best provision for the happiness of the nation at large. Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 117.

„It comes to this, that you are increasing your engagements without increasing your strength; and if you increase your engagements without increasing strength, you diminish strength, you abolish strength; you really reduce the empire and do not increase it.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: My fourth principle is—that you should avoid needless and entangling engagements. You may boast about them, you may brag about them, you may say you are procuring consideration of the country. You may say that an Englishman may now hold up his head among the nations. But what does all this come to, gentlemen? It comes to this, that you are increasing your engagements without increasing your strength; and if you increase your engagements without increasing strength, you diminish strength, you abolish strength; you really reduce the empire and do not increase it. You render it less capable of performing its duties; you render it an inheritance less precious to hand on to future generations. Speech in West Calder, Scotland (27 November 1879), quoted in W. E. Gladstone, Midlothian Speeches 1879 (Leicester University Press, 1971), p. 116.

„To be engaged in opposing wrong affords, under the conditions of our mental constitution, but a slender guarantee for being right.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: A rational reaction against the irrational excesses and vagaries of scepticism may, I admit, readily degenerate into the rival folly of credulity. To be engaged in opposing wrong affords, under the conditions of our mental constitution, but a slender guarantee for being right. Homeric Synchronism : An Enquiry Into the Time and Place of Homer (1876), Introduction

„All the people who pretend to take your own concerns out of your own hands and to do everything for you, I won't say they are imposters; I won't even say they are quacks; but I do say they are mistaken people.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: I am delighted to see how many young boys and girls have come forward to obtain honourable marks of recognition on this occasion, — if any effectual good is to be done to them, it must be done by teaching and encouraging them and helping them to help themselves. All the people who pretend to take your own concerns out of your own hands and to do everything for you, I won't say they are imposters; I won't even say they are quacks; but I do say they are mistaken people. The only sound, healthy description of countenancing and assisting these institutions is that which teaches independence and self-exertion... When I say you should help yourselves — and I would encourage every man in every rank of life to rely upon self-help more than on assistance to be got from his neigbours — there is One who helps us all, and without whose help every effort of ours is in vain; and there is nothing that should tend more, and there is nothing that should tend more to make us see the beneficence of God Almighty than to see the beauty as well as the usefulness of these flowers, these plants, and these fruits which He causes the earth to bring forth for our comfort and advantage. Speech to the Hawarden Amateur Horticultural Society (17 August 1876), as quoted in "Mr. Gladstone On Cottage Gardening", The Times (18 August 1876), p. 9

„All selfishness is the great curse of the human race“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: All selfishness is the great curse of the human race, and when we have a real sympathy with other people less happy than ourselves that is a good sign of something like a beginning of deliverance from selfishness. Speech at Hawarden (28 May 1890), quoted in The Times (29 May 1890), p. 12.

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„Economy is the first and great article (economy such as I understand it) in my financial creed.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: Economy is the first and great article (economy such as I understand it) in my financial creed. The controversy between direct and indirect taxation holds a minor, though important place. Letter to his brother Robertson of the Financial Reform Association at Liverpool (1859), as quoted in Gladstone as Financier and Economist (1931) by F. W. Hirst, p. 241

„Ireland, Ireland! That cloud in the west! That coming storm!“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: Ireland, Ireland! That cloud in the west! That coming storm! That minister of God's retribution upon cruel, inveterate, and but half-atoned injustice! Ireland forces upon us those great social and great religious questions— God grant that we may have courage to look them in the face, and to work through them. Letter to his wife, Catherine Gladstone (12 October 1845), quoted in John Morley, The Life of Wiliam Ewart Gladstone: Volume I (London: Macmillan, 1903), p. 383.

„Yes; these are people struggling to be free, and they are struggling rightly to be free.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: The right hon. Gentleman quoted repeatedly this declaration... to keep [rebellion] out of Egypt it is necessary to put it down in the Soudan; and that is the task the right hon. Gentleman desires to saddle upon England. Now, I tell hon. Gentlemen this—that that task means the reconquest of the Soudan. I put aside for the moment all questions of climate, of distance, of difficulties, of the enormous charges, and all the frightful loss of life. There is something worse than that involved in the plan of the right hon. Gentleman. It would be a war of conquest against a people struggling to be free. ["No, no!"] Yes; these are people struggling to be free, and they are struggling rightly to be free. [https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1884/may/12/vote-of-censure Speech] in the House of Commons (12 May 1884) during the Mahdist War.

„I venture to say that every man who is not presumably incapacitated by some consideration of personal unfitness or of political danger is morally entitled to come within the pale of the Constitution.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Context: I venture to say that every man who is not presumably incapacitated by some consideration of personal unfitness or of political danger is morally entitled to come within the pale of the Constitution.... fitness for the franchise, when it is shown to exist—as I say it is shown to exist in the case of a select portion of the working class—is not repelled on sufficient grounds from the portals of the Constitution by the allegation that things are well as they are. I contend, moreover, that persons who have prompted the expression of such sentiments as those to which I have referred, and whom I know to have been Members of the working class, are to be presumed worthy and fit to discharge the duties of citizenship, and that to admission to the discharge of those duties they are well and justly entitled. [https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1864/may/11/second-reading Speech] in the House of Commons (11 May 1864)

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„We look forward to the time when the Power of Love will replace the Love of Power. Then will our world know the blessings of peace.“

— William Ewart Gladstone
Attributed in [https://books.google.com/books?id=T8YVAQAAIAAJ&q=%22Then+will+our+world+know+the+blessings+of+peace.%22&dq=%22Then+will+our+world+know+the+blessings+of+peace.%22&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj1iNCMvcHLAhUMcz4KHXvcCt84MhDoAQgfMAE The National elementary principal] (1948) - Volume 28 - Page 34; a similar statement has also become attributed to Jimi Hendrix: "When the power of love overcomes love of power the world will know peace." A similar quotation is found in My Heart Shall Give A Oneness-Feast (1993) by Sri Chinmoy: "My books, they all have only one message: the heart's Power Of Love must replace the mind's Love Of Power. If I have the Power Of Love, then I shall claim the whole World as my own … World Peace can be achieved when the Power Of Love replaces the Love Of Power." An even earlier statement of Chinmoy is found in Meditations: Food For The Soul (1970): "When the power of love replaces the love of power, man will have a new name: God."

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