Frases de Ward Cunningham

Ward Cunningham foto
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Ward Cunningham

Data de nascimento: 26. Maio 1949

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Howard G. "Ward" Cunningham é um programador de computador americano que desenvolveu o primeiro wiki. Um pioneiro nos padrões de design e Extreme Programming, ele começou a programar o software WikiWikiWeb em 1994 e instalou-o no site de sua consultoria de software, Cunningham & Cunningham , em 25 de março de 1995, como um add-on para o Portland Pattern Repository. Ele vive atualmente em Portland, Oregon e é o diretor de tecnologia da AboutUs.

Foi co-autor de um livro sobre wikis, intitulado The Wiki Way, e também inventou Framework for Integrated Tests. Ele foi um orador principal nos três primeiros casos da série de conferências WikiSym wiki em pesquisa e prática.

Citações Ward Cunningham

„I say, forget all that and ask yourself, "What's the simplest thing that could possibly work?"“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: You are always taught to do as much as you can. Always put checks in. Always look for exceptions. Always handle the most general case. Always give the user the best advice. Always print a meaningful error message. Always this. Always that. You have so many things in the background that you're supposed to do, there's no room left to think. I say, forget all that and ask yourself, "What's the simplest thing that could possibly work?" I think the advice got turned into a command: "Do the simplest thing that could possibly work." That's a little more confusing, because there isn't this notion that as soon as you've done it, we'll evaluate it.

„I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I actually enjoy complexity that's empowering. If it challenges me, the complexity is very pleasant. But sometimes I must deal with complexity that's disempowering. The effort I invest to understand that complexity is tedious work. It doesn't add anything to my abilities.

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„Everything is subject to refactoring.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„A wiki is a place to write in the same way that a party is a place to talk.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Now, with wikis, you have a place to write. A wiki is a place to write in the same way that a party is a place to talk. There are thoughts all around you. Some are interesting, some less so. At a party or on a wiki, a word or two will be your trigger. Ideas start flowing. Talking or writing, you're among friends, the stage is set, you say your piece, it fits in, your words trigger the next thought: conversation.

„In creating wiki, I wanted to stroke that story-telling nature in all of us.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I think there's a compelling nature about talking. People like to talk. In creating wiki, I wanted to stroke that story-telling nature in all of us. Second, and perhaps most important, I wanted people who wouldn't normally author to find it comfortable authoring, so that there stood a chance of us discovering the structure of what they had to say.

„I can't tell you how much time is spent worrying about decisions that don't matter.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I can't tell you how much time is spent worrying about decisions that don't matter. To just be able to make a decision and see what happens is tremendously empowering, but that means you have to set up the situation such that when something does go wrong, you can fix it.

„Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Putting a new feature into a program is important, but refactoring so new features can be added in the future is equally important. The ability to do things in the future is something that I consider suppleness, like clay your hands that accepts your expression. Programs and documents get brittle very quickly. Wiki imagines a more dynamic environment where we accept change...

„The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

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„A wiki is always in the process of being organized.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: A wiki is always in the process of being organized. But for every hour spent organizing, two more hours are spent adding new material. So the status quo for a wiki is always partially organized.

„The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: The complexity that we despise is the complexity that leads to difficulty. It isn't the complexity that raises problems. There is a lot of complexity in the world. The world is complex. That complexity is beautiful. I love trying to understand how things work. But that's because there's something to be learned from mastering that complexity.

„I think we can become excellent predictors. It's just that we're careful not to depend upon prediction anymore than we have to.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I could say, "Wait! Wait! I know what's going to happen down here!" Well you knew what was going to happen down here. How does it help us get our job done for me to tell you what's going to happen down here? You could say, "Stop! I want to draw on the white board what we're going to do tomorrow, because I can see it coming." Well maybe I can see it coming too, but why make a commitment? It will come soon enough. So, we're certainly here and now, but I think we can become excellent predictors. It's just that we're careful not to depend upon prediction anymore than we have to.

„To worry about tomorrow is to detract from your work today. Time you spend thinking about tomorrow is time you're not spending thinking about what to do today.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: To worry about tomorrow is to detract from your work today. Time you spend thinking about tomorrow is time you're not spending thinking about what to do today. The place you leave in the code because you think you'll need it tomorrow, is actually a waste of time today — and a liability tomorrow. It does more harm than good.

Publicidade

„My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: My hope is that wiki becomes a totem for a way of interacting with people. Tradition in the work world has been more top down, while wiki, standing for the Internet, is becoming a model for a new way of work. Largely driven by reduced communication costs, it changes what needs to be done and how it’s going to get done. I hope that the wiki nature, if not the wiki code, makes some contribution.

„Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: Often as you move comments around and have similar comments adjacent to each other, you find that half of the words can be cut out. Because a sentence says it all if the sentence is in just the right place. On Ward's wiki, the process has been called "refactoring," which is what we call the process in software. Ward's wiki is about software and it has software people on it, so they call it refactoring. Anyplace else it would probably be called editing. So on Ward's wiki, refactoring is an ongoing process. The assumption is that when something turns out to not be ideal, it will be refactored again. Everything is subject to refactoring.

„I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: When I was at Tek, I was frustrated that computer hardware was being improved faster than computer software. I wanted to invent some software that was completely different, that would grow and change as it was used. That’s how wiki came about. [http://www.portlandtribune.com/rethinking/story.php?story_id=120430910578805900 "Startup mines for riches in collaboration software" in The Portland Tribune (4 March 2008)]

„I'm not a fan of classification. It's very difficult to come up with a classification scheme that's useful when what you're most interested in is things that don't fit in, things that you didn't expect.“

— Ward Cunningham
Context: I'm not a fan of classification. It's very difficult to come up with a classification scheme that's useful when what you're most interested in is things that don't fit in, things that you didn't expect. But some people decided that every page should carry classification. They came up with a scheme, based on page names, to establish a classification structure for a wiki. And these people who care about classification maintain it.

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