Frases de Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov

Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov foto
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Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov

Data de nascimento: 9. Março 1890
Data de falecimento: 8. Novembro 1986

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Viatcheslav Mikhailovitch Molotov , nascido Viatcheslav Mikhailovitch Scriábin , , foi um diplomata e político da União Soviética de destaque entre os anos 20 e 50 do século XX.

Nascido na pequena aldeia de Kukarka , filho de um pequeno comerciante, educado numa escola secundária em Kazan, onde se juntou à facção bolchevique do Partido Operário Social-Democrata Russo, em 1906. Adotou o pseudônimo de Molotov . Foi preso em 1909 e passou dois anos no exílio na Sibéria. Em 1911 se inscreveu na Universidade Politécnica de São Petersburgo, e se tornou um dos editores do Pravda, o jornal bolchevique clandestino do qual Josef Stalin também era editor. Em 1913 Molotov foi preso novamente, e deportado para Irkutsk, de onde escapou em 1915 e retornou à capital. Em 1920 ingressou no Comitê Central do PCUS, foi dirigente da Internacional Socialista no período 1928-1934.

Na qualidade de membro do Politburo, foi responsável pela campanha de requisições das colheitas na Ucrânia, causando a fome-genocídio de 1932-1933, o Holodomor. Sendo um dos principais colaboradores de Stalin, foi Ministro de Relações Exteriores da URSS no período 1939-1949 e 1953-1956. Em 1957, foi afastado da direção do Partido por Nikita Khrushchov, em virtude da sua oposição à "desestalinização" e nomeado embaixador na Mongólia, cargo que exerceu entre 1957 e 1960 tendo logo após sido indicado para chefiar a representação da URSS na Organização Internacional de Energia Atômica sediada em Viena, tendo permanecido neste cargo até 1962 ao ser excluído do Partido Comunista. Foi readmitido no Partido em 1984.

Seu nome tornou-se célebre pela popularidade do coquetel molotov, arma química incendiária muito utilizada em guerrilhas e manifestações urbanas. A associação de seu nome com essa bomba caseira deve-se a sua declaração durante a Guerra de Inverno de que os soviéticos não estavam bombardeando cidades finlandesas, mas sim jogando alimentos. As bombas russas então foram apelidadas de "cestos de pães de Molotov" e as bombas improvisadas usadas pelos finlandeses de coquetéis Molotov. Sua mais relevante participação na história mundial foi a assinatura do Tratado Molotov-Ribbentrop, o pacto de não-agressão firmado entre a União Soviética e a Alemanha Nazista em 1939. O tratado perdurou até o dia 22 de junho de 1941, quando Adolf Hitler quebrou o pacto, ordenando a invasão do território soviético na chamada Operação Barbarossa.

Citações Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov

„Our entire people must now stand solid and united as never before.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: This is not the first time that our people have had to deal with an attack of an arrogant foe. At the time of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia our people’s reply was war for the fatherland, and Napoleon suffered defeat and met his doom. It will be the same with Hitler, who in his arrogance has proclaimed a new crusade against our country. The Red Army and our whole people will again wage victorious war for the fatherland, for our country, for honor, for liberty. The government of the Soviet Union expresses the firm conviction that the whole population of our country, all workers, peasants and intellectuals, men and women, will conscientiously perform their duties and do their work. Our entire people must now stand solid and united as never before. Each one of us must demand of himself and of others discipline, organization and self-denial worthy of real Soviet patriots, in order to provide for all the needs of the Red Army, Navy and Air Force, to insure victory over the enemy. The government calls upon you, citizens of the Soviet Union, to rally still more closely around our glorious Bolshevist party, around our Soviet Government, around our great leader and comrade, Stalin. Ours is a righteous cause. The enemy shall be defeated. Victory will be ours. [http://historicalresources.org/2008/08/26/molotov-reaction-to-german-invasion-of-1941/ Radio broadcast in response to the German invasion (22 June 1941)]

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„Life has improved, and now as never before the doors to a happy and cultured life for all the peoples of our Union stand wide open.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: Life has improved, and now as never before the doors to a happy and cultured life for all the peoples of our Union stand wide open. We are already enjoying the first fruits of our victory and we see that an unparalleled rise in the standard of living and culture of all the peoples of the Soviet Union awaits us. And in spite of all this, we have not yet seen the last of people who in their blind hatred of the new world are planning the seizure and dismemberment of the Soviet Union. Well, what shall we say to them? It is true that we appeared in the world without the permission of these gentlemen, and undoubtedly against their wishes.... This means that the time has come when the old world must make way for the new. Speech (10 January 1930) as quoted in The Communist International (1936) Vol. 13

„Someone helped us a lot with the atomic bomb.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: Someone helped us a lot with the atomic bomb. The intelligence (service) played a huge role. These Rosenbergs suffered in America. It is not excluded that they helped us. But we shouldn't really speak about it, because we might receive this kind of help in the future. Statement about Julius and Ethel Rosenberg having performed espionage for the Soviet Union, as quoted in The FBI-KGB War : A Special Agent's Story (1995), by Robert J. Lamphere and Tom Shachtman, p. 306

„The enemy shall be defeated. Victory will be ours.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: This is not the first time that our people have had to deal with an attack of an arrogant foe. At the time of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia our people’s reply was war for the fatherland, and Napoleon suffered defeat and met his doom. It will be the same with Hitler, who in his arrogance has proclaimed a new crusade against our country. The Red Army and our whole people will again wage victorious war for the fatherland, for our country, for honor, for liberty. The government of the Soviet Union expresses the firm conviction that the whole population of our country, all workers, peasants and intellectuals, men and women, will conscientiously perform their duties and do their work. Our entire people must now stand solid and united as never before. Each one of us must demand of himself and of others discipline, organization and self-denial worthy of real Soviet patriots, in order to provide for all the needs of the Red Army, Navy and Air Force, to insure victory over the enemy. The government calls upon you, citizens of the Soviet Union, to rally still more closely around our glorious Bolshevist party, around our Soviet Government, around our great leader and comrade, Stalin. Ours is a righteous cause. The enemy shall be defeated. Victory will be ours. [http://historicalresources.org/2008/08/26/molotov-reaction-to-german-invasion-of-1941/ Radio broadcast in response to the German invasion (22 June 1941)]

„The Soviet Government deems it its sacred duty to extend the hand of assistance to its brother Ukrainians and White Russians inhabiting Poland.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: Events arising out of the Polish-German War have revealed the internal insolvency and obvious impotence of the Polish state. Polish ruling circles have suffered bankruptcy… Warsaw as the capital of the Polish state no longer exists. No one knows the whereabouts of the Polish Government. The population of Poland have been abandoned by their ill-starred leaders to their fate. The Polish State and its Government have virtually ceased to exist. In view of this state of affairs, treaties concluded between the Soviet Union and Poland have ceased to operate. A situation has arisen in Poland which demands of the Soviet Government especial concern for the security of its State. Poland has become a fertile field for any accidental and unexpected contingency that may create a menace for the Soviet Union... Nor can it be demanded of the Soviet Government that it remain indifferent to the fate of its Blood Brothers, the Ukrainians and White Russians inhabiting Poland, who even formerly were nations without rights and who now have been utterly abandoned to their fate. The Soviet Government deems it its sacred duty to extend the hand of assistance to its brother Ukrainians and White Russians inhabiting Poland. Extracts from Molotov’s broadcast speech on the Soviet invasion of Poland (17 September 1939) Mirovoe Khoziaistvo, 1939, 9, p. 13. In Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy. Volume I: 1917-1941. Jane Tabrisky Degras (ed.) 1953, Oxford University Press. Pages 374-5

„Germany, which has lately united 80 million Germans, has submitted certain neighboring countries to her supremacy and gained military strength in many aspects, and thus has become, as clearly can be seen, a dangerous rival to principal imperialistic powers in Europe — England and France.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: Germany, which has lately united 80 million Germans, has submitted certain neighboring countries to her supremacy and gained military strength in many aspects, and thus has become, as clearly can be seen, a dangerous rival to principal imperialistic powers in Europe — England and France. That is why they declared war on Germany on a pretext of fulfilling the obligations given to Poland. It is now clearer than ever, how remote the real aims of the cabinets in these countries were from the interests of defending the now disintegrated Poland or Czechoslovakia. Molotov's report on (29 March 1940), after the Polish defeat, as quoted in the weekly Soviet newspaper Moscow News, published by Mezhdunarodnaya Kniga (1 April 1940)

„This is not the first time that our people have had to deal with an attack of an arrogant foe.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Context: This is not the first time that our people have had to deal with an attack of an arrogant foe. At the time of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia our people’s reply was war for the fatherland, and Napoleon suffered defeat and met his doom. It will be the same with Hitler, who in his arrogance has proclaimed a new crusade against our country. The Red Army and our whole people will again wage victorious war for the fatherland, for our country, for honor, for liberty. The government of the Soviet Union expresses the firm conviction that the whole population of our country, all workers, peasants and intellectuals, men and women, will conscientiously perform their duties and do their work. Our entire people must now stand solid and united as never before. Each one of us must demand of himself and of others discipline, organization and self-denial worthy of real Soviet patriots, in order to provide for all the needs of the Red Army, Navy and Air Force, to insure victory over the enemy. The government calls upon you, citizens of the Soviet Union, to rally still more closely around our glorious Bolshevist party, around our Soviet Government, around our great leader and comrade, Stalin. Ours is a righteous cause. The enemy shall be defeated. Victory will be ours. [http://historicalresources.org/2008/08/26/molotov-reaction-to-german-invasion-of-1941/ Radio broadcast in response to the German invasion (22 June 1941)]

Publicidade

„One blow from the German army and another from the Soviet army put an end to this ugly product of Versailles.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Statement after the fall of Poland, as quoted in Legitimacy and Force (1988) by Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, p. 49

„The trouble with free elections is that you never know how they are going to turn out.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Remark at the Berlin Conference (1954) according to an eyewitness writing in International Affairs Vol. 36 (1960), p. 4

„We cannot lose Poland. If this line is crossed, they will grab us, too.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
Statement, as quoted in Surviving the Millennium (1994) by Hall Gardner, p. 236, with citations to Molotov Remembers (1993) by Felix Chuev, p. 54

Publicidade

„There is no alternative to class struggle.“

— Vyacheslav Molotov
As quoted in The Fifty-Year War : Conflict and Strategy in the Cold War (2007) by Norman Friedman, p. 58

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