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Thomas Gray

Data de nascimento: 26. Dezembro 1716
Data de falecimento: 30. Julho 1771
Outros nomes: توماس غراي, توماس قری

Thomas Gray , poeta e romancista inglês.

Iniciou seus estudos em Eton College e no Colégio São Pedro de Cambridge, onde se tornou amigo dos escritores Horace Walpole e Richard West. Deixou Cambridge em 1738 e acompanhou Walpole em uma viagem pelo continente durante o ano seguinte. Juntos, visitaram a França e a Itália, onde se desentenderam e Gray foi para Veneza, retornando à Inglaterra por ocasião da morte de seu pai.

Em 1744 reconciliou-se com Walpole e em 1750 concluiu sua Elegia escrita num cemitério camponês, obra esta iniciada muitos anos antes. Em 1757, recusou a distinção de poeta laureado. Após a abertura do Museu Inglês, em 1759, Gray passou a morar em Londres para poder estudar as obras expostas. Em 1768, foi nomeado professor de história moderna em Cambridge.

A obra literária de Gray é pouco volumosa mas a boa qualidade de seus escritos compensa esse fato. A Elegia é a mais popular e, talvez, a melhor de suas obras. Liga-se à corrente da poesia das tumbas, inaugurada por Edward Young, influência esta que também se encontra nas odes pindáricas: Os progressos da poesia, O bardo, ode profética e outras.

Citações Thomas Gray

„Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 19
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?textelcc (written 1750, publ. 1751)
Contexto: Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife,
Their sober wishes never learned to stray;
Along the cool sequestered vale of life
They kept the noiseless tenor of their way.

„Full many a gem of purest ray serene,
The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear:
Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,
And waste its sweetness on the desert air.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 14
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=elcc (written 1750, publ. 1751)
Fonte: An Elegy Written In A Country Churchyard

„Thoughts that breathe, and words that burn.“

—  Thomas Gray

III. 3, Line 2
The Progress of Poesy http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?textpppo (1754)
Fonte: Selected Poems
Contexto: Hark, his hands the lyre explore!
Bright-eyed Fancy hovering o'er
Scatters from her pictured urn
Thoughts that breathe, and words that burn.

„The breezy call of incense-breathing morn.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 5
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=elcc (written 1750, publ. 1751)

„Glance their many-twinkling feet.“

—  Thomas Gray

I. 3, Line 11
The Progress of Poesy http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=pppo (1754)

„O'er her warm cheek and rising bosom move
The bloom of young Desire and purple light of Love.“

—  Thomas Gray

I. 3, Line 16
The Progress of Poesy http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=pppo (1754)

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„Far from the sun and summer-gale,
In thy green lap was Nature's Darling laid.“

—  Thomas Gray

III. 1, Line 1
The Progress of Poesy http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=pppo (1754)

„Ye distant spires, ye antique towers,
That crown the wat'ry glade.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 1
Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=odec (written 1742–1750)

„Here rests his head upon the lap of Earth
A youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown.
Fair Science frowned not on his humble birth.
And Melancholy marked him for her own.“

—  Thomas Gray

The Epitaph, St. 1
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=elcc (written 1750, publ. 1751)

„Alas, regardless of their doom,
The little victims play!
No sense have they of ills to come,
Nor care beyond today.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 6
Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=odec (written 1742–1750)

„Not all that tempts your wandering eyes
And heedless hearts, is lawful prize;
Nor all that glisters gold.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 7
On the Death of a Favourite Cat http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=odfc (1747)

„From toil he wins his spirits light,
From busy day the peaceful night;
Rich, from the very want of wealth,
In heaven's best treasures, peace and health.“

—  Thomas Gray

Fonte: Ode on the Pleasure Arising from Vicissitude http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=oopv (1754), Line 93

„Gay hope is theirs by fancy fed,
Less pleasing when possest;
The tear forgot as soon as shed,
The sunshine of the breast.“

—  Thomas Gray

St. 5
Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College http://www.thomasgray.org/cgi-bin/display.cgi?text=odec (written 1742–1750)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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