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Thomas Gainsborough

Data de nascimento: 14. Maio 1727
Data de falecimento: 2. Agosto 1788

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Thomas Gainsborough foi um dos mais célebres artistas do Arcadismo.

Gainsborough estudou em França no atelier de Hubert François Gravelot e no estúdio de um pintor em voga na Corte de nome Francis Hayman. Cedo tomou contacto com a pintura da Europa Central pela qual se apaixonou de imediato. Deu especial atenção à pintura popular alemã do século XVII e aos ícones russos.

Decidido a tornar um pintor influente entra a corte inglesa, translada-se, em 1759, para Bath, uma cidade preferida cada vez mais pelos cortesãos e altos burgueses. Prontamente tornou-se um pintor de preferência entre a nobreza e a emergente burguesia, passando até o seu rival de longa data Joshua Reynolds.

Gainsborough conheceu o sucesso devido aos seus retratos. Contudo, na sua obra também é frequente encontrar paisagens. Também é conhecido como um dos mais célebres fundadores da Real Academia, onde exibiu muitas obras de 1769 até 1772.

Já a morar em Londres, Thomas recebeu várias comendas da aristocracia, que quase o «santificava». Nas suas pinturas, até o mais pobre padeiro, se assemelhava a uma figura divina, perante a qual nos temos que curvar. Gainsborough concedia, aos seus modelos, uma altivez e sobriedade curiosas e particular carácter, geralmente forte.

Geralmente - e em consequência dos anos que passou em Bath - é na sua obra frequente encontrar o estilo de Anthony van Dyck, que era igualmente um pintor de excelência entre a aristocracia inglesa e flamenga. Talvez por isso, muitos dos patronos de Gainsborough o tenham escolhido como seu retratista.

A sua paleta de cores pouco variou ao longo da sua trajetória. Nela estavam bem compactos os tons leves e mais brilhantes subjugados a fluidas cores escuras, como o castanho. Entre suas obras mais importantes estão "Retrato de Mrs. Philip Thickness" e "O menino azul".

O túmulo de Gainsborough é em o cemitério da igreja de Kew, ao lado do sul.

Foi citado no livro Cartas Théo por Van Gogh na página 169

Citações Thomas Gainsborough

„I am much obliged to you for your last letter, and the lessons reed, before. I think I now begin to see a little into the nature of modulation and the introduction of flats and sharps ; and when we meet you shall hear me play extempore..“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1760s, his friend William Jackson of Exeter was composer and organist letter to his friend William Jackson of Exeter, from Bath, 4 June 1768; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 385 (Appendix A - Letter VIII)

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„to Joshua Kirby, Esq. - to be left at the Turk's Head, Gerrard Street, St. Ann's, London - Mr. President and Gentlemen, Directors of the Society of Artists of Great Britain. I thank ye for the honor done me in appointing me one of your Directors, but for a particular reason I beg leave to resign, and am. Gentlemen, your most obliged and obedient Humble Servant.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1755 - 1769, Quote from Gainsborough's letter, Bath, 5 Dec. 1768; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 397 (Appendix B) 18 October 1768, Gainsborough was elected to a Directorship of the Society of Artists, and on the same day his old Ipswich friend, Joshua Kirby, was made President. Gainsborough, however, declined to accept office, and his letter of refusal must have grieved Kirby

„I am favoured with your obliging letter, and shall finish your picture in two or three days at farthest, and send to Colchester according to your order, with a frame. I thank you. Sir, for your kind intention of procuring me a few heads to paint when I come over, which I purpose doing as soon as some of those are finished which I have [now] in hand. I should be glad if you'd place your picture as far from the light as possible; observing to let the light fall from the left.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1755 - 1769, Quote in Gainborough's letter, 24 Feb. 1757 from Ipswich, to a correspondent in the neighbouring town of Colchester; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 20

„Dear Jackson, -.. First and most unfortunately, I have been four times after Bach, and have never laid eyes on him.... but surely I shall catch Bach soon to get you an answer to your letter..“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1770 - 1788, Quote from Gainsborough's letter to his friend & composer William Jackson of Exeter, from Pall Mall, 25 Jan. 1777; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 388

„Dear Sir Joshua, - I am just to write what I fear you will not read - after lying in a dying state for 6 months [in reality much shorter]. The extreme affection which I am informed of by a Friend which Sir Joshua has expresd induces me to beg a last favor, which is to come once under my Roof and look at my things, my woodman you never saw, if what I ask now is not disagreeable to your feeling that I may have the honour to speak to you. I can from a sincere Heart say that I always admired and sincerely loved Sir Joshua Reynolds. 'Tho. Gainsborough.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1770 - 1788, A last letter of Gainsborough to Sir Joshua Reynolds, End of July 1788; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 307 Gainsborough, on the occasion of that last visit, actually had many of his unfinished canvases brought to his bedside to show to Sir Joshua

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„Whilst a Face painter is harassed to death a drapery painter sits & earns 5 or 6 hundered a year & laughs all the while.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
undated, Undated letters to William Jackson, Quote in: Undated letters to Jackson, in The Letters of Thomas Gainsborough, ed. Mary Woodall, 1961

„There is a branch of painting next in profit to Portrait and quite within your power without any more drawing them I'm answer for you having, which is Drapery & Land-skip.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
undated, Undated letters to William Jackson, Quote in: Undated letters to Jackson, in The Letters of Thomas Gainsborough, ed. Mary Woodall, 1961

„It is my strict charge that after my decease no plaster cast, model, or likeness whatever be permitted to be taken.“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1770 - 1788, 'Tho. Gainsborough'. In a note of 15 June, 1788; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 305

„[I] Pray do you remember carrying me to a picture-dealer's somewhere by Hanover Square, [London], and my being struck with the leaving and touch of a little bit of tree[? ]; the whole picture was not above 8 or 10 inches high and about a foot long. I wish if you had time that you'd inquire what it might be purchased for..“

—  Thomas Gainsborough
1755 - 1769, Quote from Gainsborough's letter to his friend William Jackson of Exeter, from Bath, 11 May 1768; as cited in Thomas Gainsborough, by William T, Whitley https://ia800204.us.archive.org/6/items/thomasgainsborou00whitrich/thomasgainsborou00whitrich.pdf; New York, Charles Scribner's Sons – London, Smith, Elder & Co, Sept. 1915, p. 383 (Appendix A - Letter VI)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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