Frases de Steve Biko

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Steve Biko

Data de nascimento: 18. Dezembro 1946
Data de falecimento: 12. Setembro 1977

Stephen Bantu Biko foi um ativista anti-apartheid da África do Sul na década de 1960 e 1970.

Líder estudantil, fundou o Movimento da Consciência Negra , que capacitava e mobilizava grande parte da população negra urbana. Desde sua morte sob custódia da polícia, ele foi chamado de mártir de um movimento anti-apartheid. Enquanto vivia, seus escritos e ativismo tentou capacitar as pessoas negras, e era famoso por seu slogan "black is beautiful", que o próprio descreveu como: "você está bem como você é, comece a olhar para si mesmo como um ser humano".

Mesmo que Biko nunca tenha sido um membro do Congresso Nacional Africano , foi incluído no panteão dos heróis de luta, indo tão longe como a utilização de sua imagem para cartazes de campanha nas primeiras eleições não-raciais da África do Sul em 1994. Nelson Mandela disse a respeito de Biko: "Eles tiveram que matá-lo para prolongar a vida do apartheid".

Citações Steve Biko

„It is better to die for an idea that will live, than to live for an idea that will die.“

—  Steve Biko

Quoted in Scott MacLeod, "South Africa: Extremes in Black and Whites" http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,975037,00.html, Time, March 9, 1992, p. 38
Quoted in "The Mind of Black Africa" (1996) by Dickson A. Mungazi, p. 159

„Apartheid — both petty and grand — is obviously evil.“

—  Steve Biko

We Blacks
I Write What I Like (1978)
Contexto: Apartheid — both petty and grand — is obviously evil. Nothing can justify the arrogant assumption that a clique of foreigners has the right to decide on the lives of a majority.

„This is the extent to which the process of dehumanization has advanced.“

—  Steve Biko

We Blacks
I Write What I Like (1978)
Contexto: The logic behind white domination is to prepare the black man for the subservient role in this country. Not so long ago this used to be freely said in parliament, even about the educational system of the black people. It is still said even today, although in a much more sophisticated language. To a large extent the evil-doers have succeeded in producing at the output end of their machine a kind of black man who is man only in form. This is the extent to which the process of dehumanization has advanced.

„The most potent weapon of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed.
So as a prelude whites must be made to realise that they are only human, not superior. Same with Blacks. They must be made to realise that they are also human, not inferior.“

—  Steve Biko

Statement quoted in the Boston Globe (25 October 1977)
Contexto: Even today, we are still accused of racism. This is a mistake. We know that all interracial groups in South Africa are relationships in which whites are superior, blacks inferior. So as a prelude whites must be made to realize that they are only human, not superior. Same with blacks. They must be made to realize that they are also human, not inferior.

„The most potent weapon in the hands of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed.“

—  Steve Biko

White Racism and Black Consciousness
I Write What I Like (1978)
Variante: The greatest weapon in the hand of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed.

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