Frases de São João Crisóstomo

São João Crisóstomo photo
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São João Crisóstomo

Data de nascimento: 349
Data de falecimento: 14. Setembro 407
Outros nomes: Ióannés Chrýsostomos, Johannes Chrysostomus

João Crisóstomo foi um arcebispo de Constantinopla e um dos mais importantes patronos do cristianismo primitivo. Ele é conhecido por suas poderosas homilias, por sua habilidade em oratória, por sua denúncia dos abusos cometidos por líderes políticos e eclesiásticos de sua época, por sua "Divina Liturgia" e por suas práticas ascetas. O epíteto Χρυσόστομος significa "da boca de ouro" em língua grega e lhe foi dado por conta de sua lendária eloquência. O título apareceu pela primeira vez na "Constituição" do papa Vigílio em 553 e ele é considerado o maior pregador cristão da história.As igrejas ortodoxas e católicas orientais veneram-no como santo e como um dos Três Grandes Hierarcas, juntamente com Basílio, o Grande e Gregório Nazianzeno. A Igreja Católica também o proclamou Doutor da Igreja. As igrejas de tradição ocidental, incluindo a católica, algumas províncias da Comunhão Anglicana e partes da Igreja Luterana comemoram sua festa em 13 de setembro. As restantes igrejas luteranas e províncias anglicanas o fazem na data tradicional no oriente ortodoxo, 27 de janeiro. A Igreja Ortodoxa Copta de Alexandria também reconhece Crisóstomo como santo.Entre suas homilias, oito dirigidas aos cristãos judaizantes ainda geram controvérsia por causa do impacto que provocaram no desenvolvimento do antissemitismo cristão. Wikipedia

Photo: Unknown author / Public domain

Citações São João Crisóstomo

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„O Apóstolo diz, "Sendo de forma (condição) divina.“

—  São João Crisóstomo

Fil 2, 6) Se diz "de forma (condição)" como podeis sugerir, vós, ó arianos, que Ele era uma energia? Mas não diz-nos a seguir que "esvaziou-se a si mesmo, tomando a forma de servo, fazendo-se semelhante aos homens." (Fil 2, 7) "A forma de servo" é, porventura, a energia de um servo ou a natureza de um servo? É evidente que é a natureza de um servo. Assim, a "forma de Deus" indica que era de igual natureza do que Deus, que era Deus e não uma energia.

„Ninguém pode nos fazer infelizes, apenas nós mesmos.“

—  São João Crisóstomo

Fonte: Revista Caras http://www.caras.com.br, Edição 677

„Why do you sow where the field is eager to destroy the fruit? Where there are medicines of sterility? Where there is murder before birth? You do not even let a harlot remain a harlot, but you make her a murderess as well. Do you see that from drunkenness comes fornication, from fornication adultery, from adultery murder? Indeed, it is something worse than murder and I do not know what to call it; for she does not kill what is formed but prevents its formation. What then? Do you contemn the gift of God, and fight with His laws? What is a curse, do you seek as though it were a blessing? Do you make the anteroom of birth the anteroom of slaughter? Do you teach the woman who is given to you for the procreation of offspring to perpetrate killing? That she may always be beautiful and lovable to her lovers, and that she may rake in more money, she does not refuse to do this, heaping fire on your head; and even if the crime is hers, you are the cause. Hence also arise idolatries. To look pretty many of these women use incantations, libations, philtres, potions, and innumerable other things. Yet after such turpitude, after murder, after idolatry, the matter still seems indifferent to many men–even to many men having wives. In this indifference of the married men there is greater evil filth; for then poisons are prepared, not against the womb of a prostitute, but against your injured wife. Against her are these innumerable tricks, invocations of demons, incantations of the dead, daily wars, ceaseless battles, and unremitting contentions.“

—  John Chrysostom

St. John Chrysostom, Homily 24 on the Epistle to the Romans [PG 60:626-27] https://www.patheos.com/blogs/davearmstrong/2017/10/contraception-early-church-teaching-william-klimon.html

„I do not think there are many among Bishops that will be saved, but many more that perish“

—  John Chrysostom

St. John Chrysostom, Homily III on Acts 1:12
Contexto: I do not think there are many among Bishops that will be saved, but many more that perish: and the reason is, that it is an affair that requires a great mind.

„Just as maniacs, who never enjoy tranquility, so also he who is resentful and retains an enemy will never have the enjoyment of any peace; incessantly raging and daily increasing the tempest of his thoughts calling to mind his words and acts, and detesting the very name of him who has aggrieved him. Do you but mention his enemy, he becomes furious at once, and sustains much inward anguish; and should he chance to get only a bare sight of him, he fears and trembles, as if encountering the worst evils, Indeed, if he perceives any of his relations, if but his garment, or his dwelling, or street, he is tormented by the sight of them. For as in the case of those who are beloved, their faces, their garments, their sandals, their houses, or streets, excite us, the instant we behold them; so also should we observe a servant, or friend, or house, or street, or any thing else belonging to those We hate and hold our enemies, we are stung by all these things; and the strokes we endure from the sight of each one of them are frequent and continual. What is the need then of sustaining such a siege, such torment and such punishment? For if hell did not threaten the resentful, yet for the very torment resulting from the thing itself we ought to forgive the offences of those who have aggrieved us. But when deathless punishments remain behind, what can be more senseless than the man, who both here and there brings punishment upon himself, while he thinks to be revenged upon his enemy!“

—  John Chrysostom

Homilies on the Statues http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf109/Page_474.html, Homily XX

„We are commanded to have only one enemy, the devil. With him never be reconciled! But with a brother, never be at enmity in thy heart.“

—  John Chrysostom

Homilies on the Statues http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf109/Page_476.html, Homily XX

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