Frases de Rollo May

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Rollo May

Data de nascimento: 21. Abril 1909
Data de falecimento: 22. Outubro 1994

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Rollo Reece May, , nascido na cidade de Ada, estado de Ohio, foi um psicólogo existencialista famoso por seu livro "Love and Will" , lançado em 1969.

Ainda que com frequência seja associado à psicologia humanista , diferencia-se de outros psicólogos humanistas como Maslow ou Rogers ao utilizar na psicologia conceitos filosóficos presentes na cultura contemporêna, que remontam a Kierkegaard e a Nietzsche , ligados à condição humana. May era um amigo próximo do teólogo Paul Tillich.

Foi o organizador da clássica obra sobre Psicologia Existencial, que reuniu os principais autores da área. Escreveu também “O Homem à Procura de Si Mesmo”, “A Coragem de Criar”, “Poder e Inocência” e outros livros sobre temas psicológicos e sociais, de um modo acessível aos leigos.

Faleceu no dia 22 de outubro de 1994.

Citações Rollo May

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„The daimonic arises from the ground of being rather than the self as such.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The daimonic refers to the power of nature rather than the superego, and is beyond good and evil. Nor is it man's 'recall to himself' as Heidegger and later Fromm have argued, for its source lies in those realms where the self is rooted in natural forces which go beyond the self and are felt as the grasp of fate upon us. The daimonic arises from the ground of being rather than the self as such. p. 123

„Aeschylus is not impersonal but transpersonal, a believer in fate and moral responsibility at the same time.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The daimonic power does not merely take the individual over as its victim, but works through him psychologically, it clouds his judgment, makes it harder for him to see reality, but still leaves him with the responsibility for the act. This is the age old dilemma of my own personal responsibility even though I am ruled by fate. It is the ultimate statement that truth and reality are psychologized only to a limited extent. Aeschylus is not impersonal but transpersonal, a believer in fate and moral responsibility at the same time. p. 136

„Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Many people feel they are powerless to do anything effective with their lives. It takes courage to break out of the settled mold, but most find conformity more comfortable. This is why the opposite of courage in our society is not cowardice, it's conformity. As quoted in Think and Grow Rich : A Black Choice (1991) by Dennis Kimbro and Napoleon Hill, p. 104

„People attain worth and dignity by the multitude of decisions they make from day by day. These decisions require courage.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The acorn becomes an oak by means of automatic growth; no commitment is necessary. The kitten similarly becomes a cat on the basis of instinct. Nature and being are identical in creatures like them. But a man or woman becomes fully human only by his or her choices and his or her commitment to them. People attain worth and dignity by the multitude of decisions they make from day by day. These decisions require courage. Ch. 1 : The Courage to Create, p. 21

„This may be the particular “neurotic personality of our time” – the neurotic pattern of contemporary “outer directed” organizational man.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Certainly the neurotic, anxious child is compulsively concerned with security, for example; and certainly the neurotic adult, and we who study him, read our later formulations back in the unsuspecting mind of the child. But is not the normal child just as truly interested in moving out into the world, exploring, following his curiosity and sense of adventure- going out “to learn to shiver and to shake,: as the nursery rhyme puts it? And if you block these needs of the child, you get a traumatic reaction from him just as you do when you take away his security. I, for one, believe we vastly overemphasize the human being’s concern with security and survival satisfaction because they so neatly fit our cause-and-effect way of thinking. I believe Nietzsche and Kierkegaard were more accurate when they described man as the organism makes certain values — prestige, power, tenderness — more important than pleasure and even more important than survival itself. My thesis here is that we can understand repression, for example, only on the deeper level of meaning of the human being’s potentialities. In this respect, “being” is to be defined as the individual’s “pattern of potentialities.” … in my work in psychotherapy there appears more and more evidence that anxiety in our day arises not so much out of fear of lack of libidinal satisfactions or security, but rather out of the patient’s fear of his own powers, and the conflicts that arise from that fear. This may be the particular “neurotic personality of our time” – the neurotic pattern of contemporary “outer directed” organizational man. p. 17

„The daimonic can be either creative or destructive and is normally both.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The daimonic is any natural function which has the power to take over the whole person. Sex and eros, anger and rage, and the craving for power are examples. The daimonic can be either creative or destructive and is normally both. p. 123

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„The constructive schizoid person stands against the spiritual emptiness of encroaching technology and does not let himself be emptied by it. He lives and works with the machine without becoming a machine.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The constructive schizoid person stands against the spiritual emptiness of encroaching technology and does not let himself be emptied by it. He lives and works with the machine without becoming a machine. He finds it necessary to remain detached enough to get meaning from the experience, but in doing so, to protect his own inner life from impoverishment. Ch. 1 : Introduction : Our Schizoid World, p. 32

„Violence is the daimonic gone awry.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Violence is the daimonic gone awry. It is "demon possession" in its starkest form. Our age is one of transition, in which the normal channels for utilizing the daimonic are denied; and such ages tend to be times when the daimonic is expressed in its most destructive form. p. 130

„If we wish the death of our enemies, we cannot talk about the community of man.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The authentic rebel knows that the silencing of all his adversaries is the last thing on earth he wishes: their extermination would deprive him and whoever else remains alive from the uniqueness, the originality, and the capacity for insight that these enemies — being human — also have and could share with him. If we wish the death of our enemies, we cannot talk about the community of man. In the losing of the chance for dialogue with our enemies, we are the poorer. Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel

„Commitment is healthiest when it is not without doubt but in spite of doubt.“

—  Rollo May
Context: The relationship between commitment and doubt is by no means an antagonistic one. Commitment is healthiest when it is not without doubt but in spite of doubt. Ch. 1 : The Courage to Create, p. 21

„He is drawn to the unquiet minds and spirits, for he shares their everlasting inability to accept stultifying control.“

—  Rollo May
Context: I must make the important distinction between the rebel and the revolutionary. One is in ineradicable opposition to the other. The revolutionary seeks an external political change, "the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another." The origin of the term is the word revolve, literally meaning a turnover, as the revolution of a wheel. When the conditions under a given government are insufferable some groups may seek to break down that government in the conviction that any new form cannot but be better. Many revolutions, however, simply substitute one kind of government for another, the second no better than the first — which leaves the individual citizen, who has had to endure the inevitable anarchy between the two, worse off than before. Revolution may do more harm than good. The rebel, on the other hand, is "one who opposes authority or restraint: one who breaks with established custom or tradition." … He seeks above all an internal change, a change in the attitudes, emotions, and outlook of the people to whom he is devoted. He often seems to be temperamentally unable to accept success and the ease it brings; he kicks against the pricks, and when one frontier is conquered, he soon becomes ill-at-ease and pushes on to the new frontier. He is drawn to the unquiet minds and spirits, for he shares their everlasting inability to accept stultifying control. He may, as Socrates did, refer to himself as the gadfly for the state — the one who keeps the state from settling down into a complacency, which is the first step toward decadance. No matter how much the rebel gives the appearance of being egocentric or of being on an "ego trip," this is a delusion; inwardly the authentic rebel is anything but brash. Ch. 11 : The Humanity of the Rebel

„Creativity is the result of a struggle between vitality and form.“

—  Rollo May
Context: Creativity is the result of a struggle between vitality and form. As anyone who has tried to write a sonnet or scan poetry, is aware, the form ideally do not take away from the creativity but may add to it. Ch. 13 : Communion of Consciousness, p. 320

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“