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Robert Peel

Data de nascimento: 5. Fevereiro 1788
Data de falecimento: 2. Julho 1850

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Robert Peel, 2.º Baronete foi um político britânico, primeiro-ministro de seu país de 10 de dezembro de 1834 a 8 de Abril de 1835 e de 30 de Agosto de 1841 a 29 de Junho de 1846.

Ajudou a criar o conceito moderno da força policial do Reino Unido. Seu pai era um fabricante de têxtil na Revolução Industrial. Peel foi educado na Escola primária Hipperholme, depois em Harrow School e finalmente na Christ Church, em Oxford.

Faleceu em Londres em 2 de julho de 1850, a consequência de um acidente de cavalo na estrada Constitution Hill. Encontra-se sepultado em St Peter Churchyard, Drayton Bassett, Staffordshire na Inglaterra.

Citações Robert Peel

„It was impossible to reconcile the repeal of the Corn Laws by me with the keeping together of the Conservative party, and I had no hesitation in sacrificing the subordinate object, and with it my own political interests.“

— Robert Peel
Letter to Lord Aberdeen (19 August, 1847). Lord Mahon and Edward Cardwell (eds.), Memoirs by the Right Honourable Sir Robert Peel. Part II (London: John Murray, 1857), p. 322.

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„If you had to constitute new societies, you might on moral and social grounds prefer cornfields to cotton factories, an agricultural to a manufacturing population. But our lot is cast, and we cannot recede.“

— Robert Peel
Letter to J. W. Croker (27 July 1842). Charles Stuart Parker (ed.), Sir Robert Peel from His Private Papers. Volume II (London: John Murray, 1899), p. 529.

„... if wheat were at this moment subject to a duty of twenty shillings the quarter, and if Indian corn were virtually excluded, next winter would not pass without a convulsion endangering the whole frame of society, without the humiliation of constituted authorities forced to yield after a disgraceful struggle... if their [the Protectionists] advice had been taken, we should have had famine prices for many articles, and a state of exasperated public feeling and just agitation, which it would require wiser heads than theirs to allay. So far from regretting the expulsion from office, I rejoice in it as the greatest relief from an intolerable burden. To have your own way, and to be for five years the Minister of this country in the House of Commons, is quite enough for any man's strength. He is entitled to his discharge, from length of service. But to have to incur the deepest responsibility, to bear the heaviest toil, to reconcile colleagues with conflicting opinions to a common course of action, to keep together in harmony the Sovereign, the Lords and the Commons; to have to do these things, and to be at the same time the tool of a party— that is to say, to adopt the opinions of men who have not access to your knowledge, and could not profit by it if they had, who spend their time in eating and drinking, and hunting, shooting, gambling, horse-racing, and so forth— would be an odious servitude, to which I will never submit. I determine to keep aloof from party combinations.“

— Robert Peel
Letter to Lord Hardinge (24 September, 1846). Charles Stuart Parker (ed.), Sir Robert Peel from His Private Papers. Volume III (London: John Murray, 1899), pp. 473-474.

„Our object was to avert dangers which we thought were imminent, and to terminate a conflict which, according to our belief, would soon place in hostile collision great and powerful classes in this country. The maintenance of power was not a motive for the proposal of these measures; for, as I said before, I had not a doubt, that whether these measures were accompanied by failure or success, the certain issue must be the termination of the existence of this Government... in proposing our measures of commercial policy, I had no wish to rob others of the credit justly due to them... The name which ought to be, and will be, associated with the success of those measures, is the name of one who, acting, I believe, from pure and disinterested motives, has, with untiring energy, made appeals to our reason, and has enforced those appeals with an eloquence the more to be admired because it was unaffected and unadorned: the name which ought to be chiefly associated with the success of those measures, is the name of Richard Cobden... In relinquishing power... I shall leave a name execrated by every monopolist who, from less honourable motives, clamours for protection because it conduces to his own individual benefit; but it may be that I shall leave a name sometimes remembered with expressions of good will in the abodes of those whose lot it is to labour, and to earn their daily bread by the sweat of their brow, when they shall recruit their exhausted strength with abundant and untaxed food, the sweeter because it is no longer leavened by a sense of injustice.“

— Robert Peel
[http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1846/jun/29/resignation-of-the-ministry Resignation speech] in the House of Commons (29 June 1846) after the repeal of the Corn Laws.