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Richard Strauss

Data de nascimento: 11. Junho 1864
Data de falecimento: 8. Setembro 1949

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Richard Georg Strauss foi um compositor e maestro alemão. É considerado como um dos mais destacados representantes da música entre o final da Era Romântica e a primeira metade do século XX.

É conhecido por suas óperas, sobretudo Der Rosenkavalier e Salomé; por suas lieder, especialmente Quatro Últimas Canções , por seus poemas sinfônicos, como Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche, Also sprach Zarathustra, Morte e Transfiguração , Uma Sinfonia Alpina e grandes obras orquestrais, como Metamorphosen, geralmente interpretada como uma meditação sobre a bestialidade da guerra - diante da Alemanha devastada pela guerra, da destruição de Munique e de lugares muito caros ao compositor, como a Ópera da sua cidade, onde ele atuara como principal maestro, entre 1894 e 1896.

Strauss se notabilizou como maestro na Alemanha e na Áustria. Com Gustav Mahler, é um dos principais representantes do Romantismo alemão tardio, depois de Richard Wagner.

Citações Richard Strauss

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„I ask myself why I have actually survived once more and been called back to life.“

—  Richard Strauss
In late fall of 1948, Willi Schuh visited Strauss after an operation at a Clinic in Lausanne. This was a comment made by Strauss. From It will be alright on the night: Richard Streauss through quotes and anecdotes. Ed Alexander Witeschnick, Neff Press, Vienna (1983), page 187.

„:10. If you follow these rules carefully you will, with your fine gifts and great accomplishments, always be the darling of your listeners.“

—  Richard Strauss
page38. Originally published 1922. Rule 4 is often misquoted as: Never look at the Trombones, you'll only encourage them.

„Declarations about war and politics are not fitting for an artist, who must give his attention to his creations and his works.“

—  Richard Strauss
Quotation made in an article published in 1914. Strauss had refused to sign the Manifesto of German artists and intellectuals supporting the German role in the war. Other signatories included Strauss' friends and colleagues, such as Max Reinhardt, Richard Dehmel, Max Liebermann, Engelbert Humperdink and Felix Wiengartner. The original article quoting Strauss was by Richard Specht, and is quoted by Romain Rolland in his diary entry, found on page 160 of Richard Strauss and Romain Rolland, edited by Rollo Myers, Calder and boyars, London, 1989.

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„Strauss told me about his new ballet, which he wrote in the summer. It’s called ‘Schlagobers’ (whipped cream) and he said, jokingly: ‘Oh yes, when one gets old one has ideas like that.“

—  Richard Strauss
In America with Richard Strauss. Elisabeth Schumann’s Travel Diary (14th October to 31st December 1921). Elisabeth Schumann was a soprano who worked with Strauss in the 1920s and 1930s. He dedicated his Brentano Lieder to her.

„Please start from the Bruch violin concerto again!“

—  Richard Strauss
Whilst rehearsing the Alpine Symphony, referring to the theme in which he quotes and extends the theme from the slow movement of the violin concerto by Max Bruch. The quote is reported in Kurt Wilhelm, Richard Strauss - an intimate portrait. Thames and Hudson, London, 1989, page 40. The theme's major appearence is in C major just after rehearsal mark 80 ("At the summit"), played by horns in unison:

„In my opinion, Gustav Mahler's work is one of the most important and interesting products in the history of modern creative arts.“

—  Richard Strauss
Gustav Mahler, page 78. Originally written for a volume dedicated to Mahler edited by Paul Stephan, Munich 1910.

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„It is clear to me that the German nation will achieve new creative energy only by liberating itself from Christianity“

—  Richard Strauss
Diary entry, shortly after the death of Gustav Mahler (1911). Quoted in Oxford University Press, Grove music online: Strauss, Richard, §7: Instrumental works (written by Bryan Gilliam and Charles Youmans).

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