Frases de Rembrandt van rijn

 Rembrandt van rijn foto
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Rembrandt van rijn

Data de nascimento: 15. Julho 1606
Data de falecimento: 4. Outubro 1669

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Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn foi um pintor e gravador holandês. É geralmente considerado um dos maiores nomes da história da arte europeia e o mais importante da história holandesa. É considerado, por alguns, como o maior pintor de todos os tempos. As suas contribuições à arte surgiram em um período denominado pelos historiadores de "Século de Ouro dos Países Baixos", na qual a influência política, a ciência, o comércio e a cultura holandesa — particularmente a pintura — atingiram seu ápice.

Tendo alcançado sucesso na juventude como um pintor de retratos, seus últimos anos foram marcados por uma tragédia pessoal e dificuldades financeiras. No entanto, as suas gravuras e pinturas foram populares em toda a sua vida e sua reputação como artista manteve-se elevada, e por vinte anos ele ensinou quase todos os importantes pintores holandeses. Os maiores triunfos criativos de Rembrandt são exemplificados especialmente nos retratos de seus contemporâneos, autorretratos e ilustrações de cenas da Bíblia. Seus autorretratos formam uma biografia singular e intimista em que o artista pesquisou a si mesmo sem vaidade e com a máxima sinceridade.

Tanto na pintura como na gravura, ele expõe um conhecimento completo da iconografia clássica, que ele moldou para se adequar às exigências da sua própria experiência; assim, a representação de uma cena bíblica era baseada no conhecimento de Rembrandt sobre o texto específico, na sua assimilação da composição clássica, e em suas observações da população judaica de Amsterdã. Devido a sua empatia pela condição humana, ele foi chamado de "um dos grandes profetas da civilização".

Citações Rembrandt van rijn

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„I am most astonished by what has been written about the [painting] 'Alexander', which is so well done that I must suppose there are not many lovers of art [amatori] at Messina. I am also surprised that Your Lordship [Don Antonio Ruffo] should complain as much about the price as about the canvas, but if Your Lordship wishes to return it as he did the sketch [schizzo] of Homer, I will do another Alexander... If Your Lordship likes the Alexander as is, very well. If he does not want to keep it, six hundred florins remain outstanding. And for the Homer [painting] five hundred florins plus the expenses of canvas, it being understood that everything is at Your Lordship's expense. Having agreed to it, would he kindly send me his desired measurements. Awaiting the response to settle the matter.“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Quote of Rembrandt's letter, Nov/Dec. 1662, to buyer Don Antonio Ruffo from Messina, Sicily (location: RD, 1662/12, 509); as quoted in Rembrandt's Eyes, Simon Schama, Alfred A. Knopf, Borzoi Books, NEW YORK 1999, p. 591, & notes 32-36 Rembrant's reaction after complaints of Don Antonio Ruffo, dispatched through the Dutch consul in Messina, Jan van den Broeck, who was on his way to Amsterdam. Once there he was to inform Isaac Just (presumably the intermediary between Rembrandt and the Messina patrician), of the intense dissatisfaction at the work, which Don Ruffo had received. 'The Alexander', he complained, being unacceptably stitched together from four separate pieces, showed seams which were 'too horrible for words.'..g with so many defects.. (Don Ruffo already bought Rembrandt's painting Aristotle with a Bust of Homer c. 1655 and still existing: [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rembrandt_-_Aristotle_with_a_Bust_of_Homer_-_WGA19232.jpg], but 'The Alexander' of Rembrandt is lost).

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„Anno 1659 / On Wednesday, May 14 / You are requested to attend the funeral of / Aegtje Nachtglas / daughter of the late Jacob Pietersz / Nachtglas / at the Cleveniers-Doele [Amsterdam] at one o'clock. Come as friend of the house / Nieuwe-Kerck. [Verso] So eager to catch Christ out in his answer that they could not wait for written reply.“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Inscription on Rembrandt's drawing [https://tomcat.tiler01.huygens.knaw.nl/adore-djatoka/viewer.html?rft_id=http://localhost:8080/jp2/13288755182981.jp2 'Christ and the Woman taken into Adultary'], on the back of a funeral ticket, after May 1659; (Benesch 1047) Gary Schwartz states in his 'Core list of Rembrandt drawings' - section 2: with inscriptions in Rembrandt's handwriting other than a signature: 'The authenticity of the drawing was called into question by Giltaij 2003, whose opinion is not shared by others, including myself' [http://remdoc.huygens.knaw.nl/#/document/remdoc/e12838 at the bottom]

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„.. in order to etch, take white turpentine oil, and add half the turpentine to it; pour the mixture into a small glass bottle and let it boil in pure [? ] water for half an hour.“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Rembrandt's 'recipe for a stopping-out varnish' on the verso of a drawing 'Landcape with a River and Trees', undated, c. 1654-55; (Benesch 1351) [http://remdoc.huygens.knaw.nl/#/document/remdoc/e12886] It is evident that Rembrandt refers (alas fragmentarily) to a so-called 'stopping-out varnish', used to terminate the bite of acid in select areas of a plate that had already been exposed to the etching agent. Thus other portions will remain exposed to the acid to deepen the bite. Also Samuel van Hoogstraten, the first student of Rembrandt in Amsterdam, mentions the use of such a varnish in his 'Inleyding tot de Hooge Schoolde der Schilderkunst', Middelburg 1671 / Rotterdam 1678

„A painting is complete when it has the shadows of a god.“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Statement attributed to Rembrandt in early biographies, as quoted in The Rise of the Cult of Rembrandt: Reinventing an Old Master in Nineteenth-Century France (2003) by Alison MacQueen This quote is not to find in the source, [https://books.google.nl/books?id=N0dVqAsR5k0C&pg=PA292&lpg=PA292&dq=The+Rise+of+the+Cult+of+Rembrandt:+Reinventing+an+Old+Master+in+Nineteenth-century+France&source=bl&ots=SgL2TN2Xct&sig=ZJuOkH35vmifBkzcu5ASLdLyhTI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx17OkrpfVAhWKnBoKHQlxA0oQ6AEIVzAJ#v=onepage&q=The%20Rise%20of%20the%20Cult%20of%20Rembrandt%3A%20Reinventing%20an%20Old%20Master%20in%20Nineteenth-century%20France&f=false/The Rise of the Cult of Rembrandt: Reinventing an Old Master in Nineteenth-Century France, 2003,p. 287 ]

„A painting is not made to be sniffed. [but viewed from a distance - see also Rembrandt's quote in his letter to Constantijn Huygens, Amsterdam, 27 Jan. 1639]“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Statement attributed to Rembrandt in early biographies, as quoted in The Rise of the Cult of Rembrandt: Reinventing an Old Master in Nineteenth-Century France (2003) by Alison MacQueen One of the popular aphorisms about Rembrandt's paintings, drawn from his early biographies in early 19th century and repeatedly attributed to the artist by the French writers and artists [ https://books.google.nl/books?id=N0dVqAsR5k0C&pg=PA292&lpg=PA292&dq=The+Rise+of+the+Cult+of+Rembrandt:+Reinventing+an+Old+Master+in+Nineteenth-century+France&source=bl&ots=SgL2TN2Xct&sig=ZJuOkH35vmifBkzcu5ASLdLyhTI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjx17OkrpfVAhWKnBoKHQlxA0oQ6AEIVzAJ#v=onepage&q=The%20Rise%20of%20the%20Cult%20of%20Rembrandt%3A%20Reinventing%20an%20Old%20Master%20in%20Nineteenth-century%20France&f=false/The Rise of the Cult of Rembrandt: Reinventing an Old Master in Nineteenth-Century France, 2003,p. 287 ]

„Rembrandt's comments on his drawing of 'The Rest on the Flight into Egypt', as remembered by his former pupil Samuel van Hoogstraten c. 1643 (translation from the original Dutch: Anne Porcelijn)“

—  Rembrandt van rijn
Dresden museum, Kupferstichkabinett - author: Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn - Object: 'The Rest on the Flight into Egypt', Inventory number: C 1443 [document/remdoc/e4525]

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