Frases de Randolph Bourne

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Randolph Bourne

Data de nascimento: 30. Maio 1886
Data de falecimento: 22. Dezembro 1918
Outros nomes:Randolph Silliman Bourne

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Randolph Silliman Bourne foi um escritor estadunidense.

Citações Randolph Bourne

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„In this conflict between youth and its elders, youth is the incarnation of reason pitted against the rigidity of tradition.“

— Randolph Bourne
Context: In this conflict between youth and its elders, youth is the incarnation of reason pitted against the rigidity of tradition. Youth puts the remorseless questions to everything that is old and established,—Why? What is this thing good for? And when it gets the mumbled, evasive answers of the elders, it applies its own fresh, clean spirit of reason to the institutions, customs, and ideas, and finding them stupid, inane, or poisonous, turns instinctively to overthrow them and build in their place the things with which its visions teem. [https://books.google.com/books?id=-F8wAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA437 Page 437]. Quote republished in "[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/ Left and Right: The Prospects for Liberty]," Left and Right: A Journal of Libertarian Thought 1, no. 1 (Spring, 1965), pp. <span class="plainlinks">[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/#p21 21]–[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/#p22 22]</span>.

„We cannot crusade against war without crusading implicitly against the State.“

— Randolph Bourne
Context: It cannot be too firmly realized that war…is the chief function of States. … War cannot exist without a military establishment, and a military establishment cannot exist without a State organization. War has an immemorial tradition and heredity only because the State has a long tradition and heredity. But they are inseparably and functionally joined. We cannot crusade against war without crusading implicitly against the State. And we cannot expect, or take measures to ensure, that this war is a war to end war, unless at the same time we take measures to end the State in its traditional form. … [W]ith the passing of the dominance of the State, the genuine life-enhancing forces of the nation will be liberated. … No one wlil deny that war is a vast complex of life-destroying and life-crippling forces. If the State's chief function is war, then it is chiefly concerned with coordinating and developing the powers and techniques which make for destruction. And this means not only the actual and potential destruction of the enemy, but of the nation at home as well. For the very existence of a State in a system of States means that the nation lies always under a risk of war and invasion, and the calling away of energy into military pursuits means a crippling of the productive and life-enhancing process of the national life. ¶28. Published under "Psychology of the State," [https://mises.org/library/state The State] (Tucson, Arizona: See Sharp Press, 1998), pp. 17–18.

„The President is an elected king“

— Randolph Bourne
Context: The President is an elected king, but the fact that he is elected has proved to be of far less significance in the course of political evolution than the fact that he is pragmatically a king. … Kings have often been selected this way in European history, and the Roman Emperor was regularly chosen by election. ¶19. Published under "The Development of the American State," [https://mises.org/library/state The State] (Tucson, Arizona: See Sharp Press, 1998), p. 36.

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„The secret of life is then that this fine youthful spirit should never be lost. Out of the turbulence of youth should come this fine precipitate—a sane, strong, aggressive spirit of daring and doing. It must be a flexible, growing spirit, with a hospitality to new ideas, and a keen insight into experience. To keep one's reactions warm and true, is to have found the secret of perpetual youth, and perpetual youth is salvation.“

— Randolph Bourne
[https://books.google.com/books?id=-F8wAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA441 Page 441]. Quote republished in "[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/ Left and Right: The Prospects for Liberty]," Left and Right: A Journal of Libertarian Thought 1, no. 1 (Spring, 1965), p. <span class="plainlinks">[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/#p22 22]</span>.

„Our elders are always optimistic in their views of the present, pessimistic in their views of the future; youth is pessimistic toward the present and gloriously hopeful for the future. And it is this hope which is the lever of progress—one might say, the only lever of progress.“

— Randolph Bourne
[https://books.google.com/books?id=-F8wAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA438 Page 438]. Quote republished in "[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/ Left and Right: The Prospects for Liberty]," Left and Right: A Journal of Libertarian Thought 1, no. 1 (Spring, 1965), p. <span class="plainlinks">[http://alexpeak.com/twr/lar/1/1/2/#p22 22]</span>.

„Indeed, it is not too much to say that the normal relation of States is war.“

— Randolph Bourne
¶36. Published under "Psychology of the State," [https://mises.org/library/state The State] (Tucson, Arizona: See Sharp Press, 1998), p. 22, where the term relation is rendered relations.

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„War is the health of the State.“

— Randolph Bourne
Context: All of which goes to show that the State represents all the autocratic, arbitrary, coercive, belligerent forces within a social group, it is a sort of complexus of everything most distasteful to the modern free creative spirit, the feeling for life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. War is the health of the State. Only when the State is at war does the modern society function with that unity of sentiment, simple uncritical patriotic devotion, cooperation of services, which have always been the ideal of the State lover. … How unregenerate the ancient State may be…is indicated by the laws against sedition, and by the Government's unreformed attitude on foreign policy. ¶35. Published under "Psychology of the State," [https://mises.org/library/state The State] (Tucson, Arizona: See Sharp Press, 1998), p. 21.

„Every little school boy is trained to recite the weaknesses and inefficiencies of the Articles of Confederation. It is taken as axiomatic that under them the new nation was falling into anarchy and was only saved by the wisdom and energy of the Convention. … The nation had to be strong to repel invasion, strong to pay to the last loved copper penny the debts of the propertied and the provident ones, strong to keep the unpropertied and improvident from ever using the government to secure their own prosperity at the expense of moneyed capital. … No one suggests that the anxiety of the leaders of the heretofore unquestioned ruling classes desired the revision of the Articles and labored so weightily over a new instrument not because the nation was failing under the Articles, but because it was succeeding only too well. Without intervention from the leaders, reconstruction threatened in time to turn the new nation into an agrarian and proletarian democracy. … All we know is that at a time when the current of political progress was in the direction of agrarian and proletarian democracy, a force hostile to it gripped the nation and imposed upon it a powerful form against which it was never to succeed in doing more than blindly struggle. The liberating virus of the Revolution was definitely expunged, and henceforth if it worked at all it had to work against the State, in opposition to the armed and respectable power of the nation.“

— Randolph Bourne
¶13. Published under "The Development of the American State," [https://mises.org/library/state The State] (Tucson, Arizona: See Sharp Press, 1998), pp. 33–34.