Frases de Qianlong

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Qianlong

Data de nascimento: 25. Setembro 1711
Data de falecimento: 7. Fevereiro 1799

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O Imperador Qianlong foi o quinto imperador manchu da Dinastia Qing, e o quarto imperador Qing da China. Quarto filho do imperador Yongzheng, ele reinou oficialmente a partir de 18 de outubro de 1735 até 9 de fevereiro de 1796, quando abdicou em favor de seu filho, Jiaqing. Apesar de sua abdicação, ele reteve o poder até a sua morte em 1799. Escreveu mais de 40 mil poemas, embora não fosse particularmente talentoso, cuidava das questões de estado de manhã e a tarde pintava e escrevia poemas, era a imagem do governante chinês ideal.

== Referências ==

Citações Qianlong

„By patronizing the Yellow Church we maintain peace among the Mongols. This being an important task we cannot but protect this (religion). (In doing so) we do not show any bias, nor do we wish to adulate the Tibetan priests as (was done during the) Yuan dynasty.“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Source: Lopez 1999 http://books.google.com/books?id=mjUHF7kQfVAC&pg=PA20#v=onepage&q&f=false, p. 20. Source: Berger 2003 http://books.google.com/books?id=BsyFU9FwCIkC&pg=PA35#v=onepage&q&f=false, p. 35. Inscription on the Lama Shuo stele in 1792 in the Yonghe Gong temple in Beijing

„I am a barbarian monarch, not Chinese.“

—  Qianlong Emperor
A forged quote by anti-Qing Han nationalists posted on internet forums. This cannot be found in any Qing document by Qianlong.

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„Many people have fled from our China (wo Zhongguo) to your place“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Edict to the Zunghars by Qianlong in 1750 . (Pingding Zhungeer fanglüe, 1990: 910). From Pingding Zhungeer fanglüe [The history of the Qing conquest of the Zunghar] (1990) Beijing: Zhongguo tushuguan tushu fuzhi suowei zhongxin. Source: Zhao 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20140325231543/https://webspace.utexas.edu/hl4958/perspectives/Zhao%20-%20reinventing%20china.pdf, p. 9.

„China trades with your country“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Russian-Qing commercial treaty in 1793 . (He Qiutao, n.d.: 12.2a) a translation by Gang Zhao of HE QIUTAO (n.d.) Shuofang beicheng (On the defense of the northern frontier). N.p.: Boshan shuju. Source: Zhao 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20140325231543/https://webspace.utexas.edu/hl4958/perspectives/Zhao%20-%20reinventing%20china.pdf, p. 9.

„China should generously pacify those foreigners” (Zhongguo huai rou ning cong hou)“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Qianlong in 1754 . (Qianlong emperor, 1993: 3.296) a translation by Gang Zhao of QIANLONG EMPEROR (1993) Qianlong yuzhi shiwen quanji (The complete collection of Qianlong’s essays and poems). 10 vols. Beijing: Zhongguo renmin daxue chubanshe Source: Zhao 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20140325231543/https://webspace.utexas.edu/hl4958/perspectives/Zhao%20-%20reinventing%20china.pdf, p. 9.

„China deals with foreigners from afar only by treating them without discrimination“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Qianlong in 1780 . (Da Qing Gaozong Chun- huangdi shilu, 1964: 15018) a translation by Gang Zhao of Da Qing Gaozong Chunhuangdi shilu [The veritable record of the Qianlong emperor] (1964) 30 vols. Taipei: Huawen shuju. Source: Zhao 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20140325231543/https://webspace.utexas.edu/hl4958/perspectives/Zhao%20-%20reinventing%20china.pdf, p. 9.

„Foreigners appreciate only military power.... Thus, they submit to us wholeheartedly and do not dare to despise China once we display our hunting techniques to them“

—  Qianlong Emperor
Qianlong in 1735 . (Qianlong emperor, 1993: 3.693) a translation by Gang Zhao of QIANLONG EMPEROR (1993) Qianlong yuzhi shiwen quanji (The complete collection of Qianlong’s essays and poems). 10 vols. Beijing: Zhongguo renmin daxue chubanshe. Source: Zhao 2006 https://web.archive.org/web/20140325231543/https://webspace.utexas.edu/hl4958/perspectives/Zhao%20-%20reinventing%20china.pdf, p. 9.

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