Frases de Pericles

Pericles photo
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Pericles

Data de nascimento: 494 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 429 a.C.

Péricles foi um célebre e influente estadista, orador e estratego da Grécia Antiga, um dos principais líderes democráticos de Atenas e a maior personalidade política do século V a.C. Viveu durante a Era de Ouro de Atenas - mais especificamente, durante o período entre as guerras Persas e Peloponésica. Descendia, pela linhagem de sua mãe, dos Alcmeônidas, uma influente e poderosa família.

Péricles teve uma influência tão profunda na sociedade ateniense que Tucídides, um historiador contemporâneo seu, o declarou "o primeiro cidadão de Atenas". Péricles transformou a Liga Délia num verdadeiro império ateniense, e liderou seus compatriotas durante os dois primeiros anos da Guerra do Peloponeso.

Péricles promoveu as artes e a literatura, num período em que Atenas tinha a reputação de ser o centro educacional e cultural do mundo da Grécia Antiga. Iniciou um ambicioso projeto que construiu a maior parte das estruturas que ainda existem na Acrópole de Atenas . Este projeto foi responsável por embelezar a cidade, exibir a sua glória e dar emprego à população. Péricles também estimulou a democracia ateniense, a tal ponto que seus críticos o chamaram de populista. Wikipedia

Photo: Copy of Ktesilas, Jastrow (2006) / Public domain

Citações Pericles

„O que eu temo não é a estratégia do inimigo, mas os nossos erros.“

—  Pericles

Os Grandes Líderes - Péricles, Nova Cultural
citação atribuída a Péricles por Tucídides, historiador

„Jamais fui causa de que um ateniense vestisse luto.“

—  Pericles

Fonte: Silvio Ferraz De Arruda (1973). Frases célebres notáveis http://books.google.com/books?id=vbtWLpxXv7AC&pg=PA18. NBL Editora. p. 18. ISBN 978-85-213-1056-3.

„Time is the wisest counselor of all.“

—  Pericles

As quoted in Until Tomorrow Comes (1979) by Orville E. Kelly, p. 160

„They gave her their lives, to her and to all of us, and for their own selves they won praises that never grow old, the most splendid of sepulchers — not the sepulchre in which their bodies are laid, but where their glory remains eternal in men's minds, always there on the right occasion to stir others to speech or to action. For famous men have the whole earth as their memorial: it is not only the inscriptions on their graves in their own country that mark them out; no, in foreign lands also, not in any visible form but in people's hearts, their memory abides and grows. It is for you to try to be like them. Make up your minds that happiness depends on being free, and freedom depends on being courageous.“

—  Pericles

Book 2, chapter 44: Funeral oration, as translated at "In Defense of Democracy" http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/pericles_in-defense-of-democracy.html
Verse 4 is sometimes freely translated as The secret to happiness is freedom. And the secret to freedom is courage.
History of the Peloponnesian War
Contexto: I could tell you a long story (and you know it as well as I do) about what is to be gained by beating the enemy back. What I would prefer is that you should fix your eyes every day on the greatness of Athens as she realty is, and should fall in love with her. When you realize her greatness, then reflect that what made her great was men with a spirit of adventure, men who knew their duty, men who were ashamed to fall below a certain standard. If they ever failed in an enterprise, they made up their minds that at any rate the city should not find their courage lacking to her, and they gave to her the best contribution that they could. They gave her their lives, to her and to all of us, and for their own selves they won praises that never grow old, the most splendid of sepulchers — not the sepulchre in which their bodies are laid, but where their glory remains eternal in men's minds, always there on the right occasion to stir others to speech or to action. For famous men have the whole earth as their memorial: it is not only the inscriptions on their graves in their own country that mark them out; no, in foreign lands also, not in any visible form but in people's hearts, their memory abides and grows. It is for you to try to be like them. Make up your minds that happiness depends on being free, and freedom depends on being courageous.

„Future ages will wonder at us, as the present age wonders at us now.“

—  Pericles

As quoted in Eternal Greece (1961) by Rex Warner, p. 34
Contexto: Future ages will wonder at us, as the present age wonders at us now. We do not need the praises of a Homer, or of anyone else whose words may delight us for the moment, but the estimation of facts will fall short of what is really true.

„Although only a few may originate a policy, we are all able to judge it.“

—  Pericles

As quoted in The Open Society and Its Enemies by Karl Popper (1966). Book II, chapter 40.

„We do not say that a man who takes no interest in politics is a man who minds his own business; we say that he has no business here at all.“

—  Pericles

Pericles commenting the participation of Athenian citizens in politics, as quoted in Models of Democracy (2006) by David Held, Stanford University Press, p. 14. Book II, chapter 40.

„What you leave behind is not what is engraved in stone monuments, but what is woven into the lives of others.“

—  Pericles

As quoted in Flicker to Flame : Living with Purpose, Meaning, and Happiness (2006) by Jeffrey Thompson Parker, p. 118
This quotation is likely a modern paraphrasing of a longer passage from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War, II.43.3.

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