Frases de Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah photo
0   0

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Data de nascimento: 25. Dezembro 1876
Data de falecimento: 11. Setembro 1948

Publicidade

Nota: esta página contém alguns caracteres especiais e é possível que a impressão não corresponda ao artigo original.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah foi um advogado, político e fundador do Paquistão. Jinnah serviu como líder da Liga Muçulmana da Índia desde 1913 até a independência do Paquistão em 14 de agosto de 1947 e depois como primeiro governador-geral do Paquistão até sua morte. Ele é reverenciado no Paquistão como Quaid-i-Azam e Baba-i-Qaum . Seu aniversário é considerado um feriado nacional no país.Nascido na Mansão Wazir em Karachi, Jinnah foi treinado como advogado no Lincoln's Inn, em Londres. Ao retornar à Índia britânica, ele se inscreveu no Tribunal Superior de Bombaim e se interessou pela política nacional, que eventualmente substituiu sua prática legal. Jinnah aumentou a proeminência no Congresso Nacional Indiano nas duas primeiras décadas do século XX. Nestes primeiros anos de sua carreira política, Jinnah defendeu a unidade hindu-muçulmana, ajudando a moldar o Pacto de Lucknow de 1916 entre o Congresso e a Liga Muçulmana da Índia, em que Jinnah também se tornou proeminente. Jinnah tornou-se um líder essencial na Liga Muçulmana, e propôs um plano de reforma constitucional de quatorze pontos para salvaguardar os direitos políticos dos muçulmanos. Em 1920, no entanto, Jinnah renunciou ao Congresso quando concordou em seguir a campanha de satyagraha, que ele considerava uma anarquia política.Em 1940, Jinnah chegou a acreditar que os muçulmanos do subcontinente indiano deveriam ter seu próprio estado. Naquele ano, a Liga Muçulmana, liderada por Jinnah, aprovou a Resolução Lahore, exigindo uma nação separada. Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a Liga ganhou força enquanto os líderes do Congresso foram presos e, nas eleições realizadas pouco depois da guerra, ganhou a maioria dos lugares aos muçulmanos. Em última análise, o Congresso e a Liga Muçulmana não conseguiram chegar a uma fórmula de compartilhamento de poder para que o subcontinente se unisse como um único estado, levando todas as partes a concordar com a independência de uma Índia predominantemente hindu e um estado majoritário muçulmano, o Paquistão.Como primeiro governador-geral do Paquistão, Jinnah trabalhou para estabelecer o governo e as políticas da nova nação e ajudar os milhões de migrantes muçulmanos que haviam migrado da nova Índia para o Paquistão, supervisionando pessoalmente o estabelecimento dos refugiados. Jinnah morreu aos 71 anos em setembro de 1948, pouco mais de um ano após o Paquistão tornar-se independente do Reino Unido. Ele deixou um legado profundo e respeitado no país. Várias universidades e edifícios públicos no Paquistão possuem o seu nome. De acordo com seu biógrafo, Stanley Wolpert, ele permanece sendo o maior líder do Paquistão.

Citações Muhammad Ali Jinnah

„Islamic history, glory and traditions“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I have full faith in my people that they will rise to every occasion worthy of our past Islamic history, glory and traditions. Message to the Nation on the occasion of the first Anniversary of Pakistan on 14th August, 1948

„To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

Publicidade

„Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England, conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.

„We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England, conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.

„The Quran is the general code for the Muslims,“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The Quran is the general code for the Muslims, a religious, social, civil, commercial, military, judicial, criminal and penal code. It regulates every thing, from the ceremonies of religion to those of daily life, from the salvation of the soul to the health of the body, from the rights of all to those of each individual from morality to crime; from punishment here to that in the life to come, and our Holy Prophet Mohammad (Peace by upon Him) has enjoined on us that every Musalman should posses a copy of the Quran and be his own priest. Therefore, Islam is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrines or ritual and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim society, every department of life, collective and individual. Eid-ul-Fitar message in September 1945

„The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this — remember that you are now a sovereign legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The first and the foremost thing that I would like to emphasize is this — remember that you are now a sovereign legislative body and you have got all the powers. It, therefore, places on you the gravest responsibility as to how you should take your decisions. The first observation that I would like to make is this: You will no doubt agree with me that the first duty of a government is to maintain law and order, so that the life, property and religious beliefs of its subjects are fully protected by the State.

„Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Sharia“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I cannot understand the logic of those who have been deliberately and mischievously propagating that the Constitution of Pakistan will not be based on Islamic Sharia. Islamic principles today are as much applicable to life as they were 1300 years ago. Address to Karachi Bar Association in January 25, 1948

Publicidade

„The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The prosperity and advancement of a nation depend upon its intelligentsia, and Muslim India is looking forward to her young generation and education classes to give a bold lead for our guidance and a brilliant record of historical achievements and traditions. Speech (24 December 1940), published in Some Recent Speeches and Writings of Mr. Jinnah (1947), Vol. 1 Message on Pakistan Day, issued from Delhi (23 March 1943)

„Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise,“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact, different and distinct social orders, and it is a dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever evolve a common nationality, and this misconception of one Indian nation has troubles and will lead India to destruction if we fail to revise our notions in time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs, litterateurs. They neither intermarry nor interdine together and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations which are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their aspect on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Mussalmans (Muslims) derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes, and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other and, likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built for the government of such a state. Presidential Address to All India Muslim League's Session on March 22, 1940

„I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with grim determination and discipline worthy of a great nation. Eid-ul-Azha Message to the Nation (24 October 1947)

Publicidade

„My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: I shall always be guided by the principles of justice and fairplay without any, as is put in the political language, prejudice or ill-will, in other words, partiality or favouritism. My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality, and I am sure that with your support and co-operation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.

„In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. I do not know what the ultimate shape of this constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it will be of a democratic type, embodying the essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as applicable in actual life as they were 1,300 years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught us democracy. It has taught equality of man, justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the inheritors of these glorious traditions and are fully alive to our responsibilities and obligations as framers of the future constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a divine mission. We have many non-Muslims — Hindus, Christians, and Parsis — but they are all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights and privileges as any other citizens and will play their rightful part in the affairs of Pakistan. Broadcast to the people of the United States of America on Pakistan (February 1948), as quoted in "Jinnah dreamt of a secular Pakistan" in New Religion (11 February 2013) http://www.newreligion.eu/2013/02/jinnahs-dream-can-still-save-pakistan.html

„It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of Pakistan. Pakistan must be rid of this evil.“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: Yet this is a truth people so easily seem to forget and begin to prize local, sectional or provincial interests above and regardless of the national interests. It naturally pains me to find the curse of provincialism holding sway over any section of Pakistan. Pakistan must be rid of this evil. Reply to the Civic Address presented by the Quetta Municipality (15 June 1948)

„The Story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement, is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great odds and difficulties“

—  Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Context: The Story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement, is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great odds and difficulties. Address to the people in Chittagong (23 March 1948)

Help us translate English quotes

Discover interesting quotes and translate them.

Start translating
Aniversários de hoje
 Confucio photo
Confucio217
-550 - -478 a.C.
 Alain-Fournier photo
Alain-Fournier2
1886 - 1914
Yogi Berra photo
Yogi Berra1
1925 - 2015
Outros 46 aniversários hoje