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Maurice Allais

Data de nascimento: 31. Maio 1911
Data de falecimento: 9. Outubro 2010

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Maurice Allais foi um físico e economista francês.

Maurice Allais fez um percurso como economista e professor universitário, tendo-se dedicado à teoria da decisão e à política monetária, entre outras áreas, e sido autor de mais de uma centena de livros.

Foi laureado com o Prémio de Ciências Económicas em Memória de Alfred Nobel de 1988.

Allais contribuiu para a compreensão do comportamento do mercado e da utilização eficiente de recursos. Também mostrou que as suas ideias podiam ser utilizadas para a definição de preços eficientes nos monopólios do Estado, que eram numerosos em França.

A obra de Allais seguiu a par de obras similares da autoria dos economistas ingleses: Sir John Hicks e Paul Samuelson.

Allais ajudou ainda à reabilitação da teoria quantitativa da moeda . No campo da utilidade, Allais identificou e solucionou um paradoxo sobre o comportamento das pessoas confrontadas com a necessidade de escolherem entre vários riscos - o chamado "paradoxo de Allais".

Citações Maurice Allais

„In fact, without any exaggeration, the current mechanism of money creation through credit is certainly the "cancer" that's irretrievably eroding market economies of private property“

—  Maurice Allais
Context: In fact, without any exaggeration, the current mechanism of money creation through credit is certainly the "cancer" that's irretrievably eroding market economies of private property.

„Too many theorists have a tendency to ignore facts that contradict their convictions“

—  Maurice Allais
Context: Too many theorists have a tendency to ignore facts that contradict their convictions.

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„Any author who uses mathematics should always express in ordinary language the meaning of the assumptions he admits“

—  Maurice Allais
Context: Any author who uses mathematics should always express in ordinary language the meaning of the assumptions he admits, as well as the significance of the results obtained. The more abstract his theory, the more imperative this obligation. In fact, mathematics are and can only be a tool to explore reality. In this exploration, mathematics do not constitute an end in itself, they are and can only be a means. in La formation scientifique, Une communication du Prix Nobel d’économie, Maurice Allais http://www.canalacademie.com/Maurice-Allais-la-formation.html, address to the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques (1997).

„A theory is only as good as its assumptions“

—  Maurice Allais
Context: A theory is only as good as its assumptions. If the premises are false, the theory has no real scientific value. The only scientific criterion for judging the validity of a scientific theory is a confrontation with the data of experience.

„Submission to the experimental data is the golden rule that dominates any scientific discipline.“

—  Maurice Allais
in his speech when he was awarded the Academician sword, address to the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques (October 19, 1993).