Frases de Matthew Arnold

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Matthew Arnold

Data de nascimento: 24. Dezembro 1822
Data de falecimento: 15. Abril 1888

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Matthew Arnold foi um poeta e crítico britânico, um dos críticos literários e de costumes em que a Inglaterra Vitoriana melhor se espelha. Matthew Arnold foi um poeta prolífico e um intelectual voltado para a democratização do ensino.

Matthew Arnold nasceu em Laleham e era tio-avô de Aldous Huxley e primogênito de Thomas Arnold, diretor da célebre escola de Rugby. Formou-se em Oxford , onde ocupou mais tarde, de 1857 a 1867, a cátedra de poesia. Através de um idealismo de fundo ainda romântico, Arnold tornou-se moralista ,expondo seus métodos e critérios nos Essays in Criticism , onde exige da obra de arte a "crítica da vida" e a "alta seriedade".

Examinou o agnosticismo em Literature and Dogma - an Essay towards a Better Apprehension of the Bible. Vendo na estreiteza do puritanismo e no unitarismo econômico os dois grandes inimigos da europeização da cultura inglesa, combateu-os em Culture and Anarchy , ensaio sobre crítica e política social .

Um tom erudito manteve-se nas suas obras poéticas, reunidas em Poems e New poems .

Matthew Arnold morreu em Liverpool em 15 de abril de 1888.

Citações Matthew Arnold

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„Silent — the best are silent now.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: But — if you cannot give us ease — Last of the race of them who grieve Here leave us to die out with these Last of the people who believe! Silent, while years engrave the brow; Silent — the best are silent now. Achilles ponders in his tent, The kings of modern thought are dumb, Silent they are though not content, And wait to see the future come. They have the grief men had of yore, But they contend and cry no more.

„Ah! do not we, wanderer! await it too?“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: Thou waitest for the spark from heaven! and we, Light half-believers of our casual creeds, Who never deeply felt, nor clearly will’d, Whose insight never has borne fruit in deeds, Whose vague resolves never have been fulfill’d; For whom each year we see Breeds new beginnings, disappointments new; Who hesitate and falter life away, And lose to-morrow the ground won to-day— Ah! do not we, wanderer! await it too? St. 18

„Forgive me, masters of the mind!
At whose behest I long ago
So much unlearnt, so much resign'd —
I come not here to be your foe!“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: Forgive me, masters of the mind! At whose behest I long ago So much unlearnt, so much resign'd — I come not here to be your foe! I seek these anchorites, not in ruth, To curse and to deny your truth; Not as their friend, or child, I speak! But as, on some far northern strand, Thinking of his own Gods, a Greek In pity and mournful awe might stand Before some fallen Runic stone — For both were faiths, and both are gone.

„Now the wild white horses play,
Champ and chafe and toss in the spray.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: Come, dear children, let us away; Down and away below. Now my brothers call from the bay; Now the great winds shoreward blow; Now the salt tides seaward flow; Now the wild white horses play, Champ and chafe and toss in the spray. Children dear, let us away. This way, this way! St. 1

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„Not till the hours of light return
All we have built do we discern.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: With aching hands and bleeding feet We dig and heap, lay stone on stone; We bear the burden and the heat Of the long day and wish’t were done. Not till the hours of light return All we have built do we discern. "Morality" (1852), lines 7-12

„Culture looks beyond machinery, culture hates hatred; culture has one great passion, the passion for sweetness and light.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: The pursuit of perfection, then, is the pursuit of sweetness and light. He who works for sweetness and light, works to make reason and the will of God prevail. He who works for machinery, he who works for hatred, works only for confusion. Culture looks beyond machinery, culture hates hatred; culture has one great passion, the passion for sweetness and light. Ch. I, Sweetness and Light

„We cannot kindle when we will
The fire that in the heart resides“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: We cannot kindle when we will The fire that in the heart resides, The spirit bloweth and is still, In mystery our soul abides; — But tasks, in hours of insight willed, Can be through hours of gloom fulfilled. "Morality" (1852), st. 1

„The heart less bounding at emotion new,
And hope, once crush’d, less quick to spring again.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: Yes, thou art gone! and round me too the night In ever-nearing circle weaves her shade. I see her veil draw soft across the day, I feel her slowly chilling breath invade The cheek grown thin, the brown hair sprent with grey; I feel her finger light Laid pausefully upon life’s headlong train; — The foot less prompt to meet the morning dew, The heart less bounding at emotion new, And hope, once crush’d, less quick to spring again. St. 14

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„We, in some unknown Power's employ,
Move on a rigorous line“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: We, in some unknown Power's employ, Move on a rigorous line; Can neither, when we will, enjoy, Nor, when we will, resign. "Stanzas in Memory of the Author of "Obermann"" (1852), st. 34

„It is not in my nature, some of my critics would rather say, not in my power, to dispute on behalf of any opinion, even my own, very obstinately.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: It is not in my nature, some of my critics would rather say, not in my power, to dispute on behalf of any opinion, even my own, very obstinately. To try and approach truth on one side after another, not to strive or cry, nor to persist in pressing forward, on any one side, with violence and self-will, — it is only thus, it seems to me, that mortals may hope to gain any vision of the mysterious Goddess, whom we shall never see except in outline, but only thus even in outline. He who will do nothing but fight impetuously towards her on his own, one, favourite, particular line, is inevitably destined to run his head into the folds of the black robe in which she is wrapped. Preface to the Second Edition (1869)

„For poetry the idea is everything; the rest is a world of illusion, of divine illusion.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: For poetry the idea is everything; the rest is a world of illusion, of divine illusion. Poetry attaches its emotion to the idea; the idea is the fact. The strongest part of our religion today is its unconscious poetry. Introduction to Ward's English Poets (1880)

„The what you have to say depends on your age.“

—  Matthew Arnold
Context: Had Shakespeare and Milton lived in the atmosphere of modern feeling, had they had the multitude of new thoughts and feelings to deal with a modern has, I think it likely the style of each would have been far less curious and exquisite. For in a man style is the saying in the best way what you have to say. The what you have to say depends on your age. In the 17th century it was a smaller harvest than now, and sooner to be reaped; and therefore to its reaper was left time to stow it more finely and curiously. Still more was this the case in the ancient world. The poet's matter being the hitherto experience of the world, and his own, increases with every century. Letter to Arthur Hugh Clough (December 1847/early 1848)

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