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Martin Gardner

Data de nascimento: 21. Outubro 1914
Data de falecimento: 22. Maio 2010

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Martin Gardner foi um escritor de matemática recreacional e literatura de divulgação científica e matemática, mas com interesses que englobavam micromágica , ilusionismo, literatura em especial os trabalhos de Lewis Carroll e G. K. Chesterton, filosofia, ceticismo científico, pseudociência e religião. Ele escrevia a coluna Mathematical Games para a revista Scientific American de 1956 a 1981 e a coluna Notes of a Fringe-Watcher para a revista Skeptical Inquirer de 1983 a 2002 e publicou mais de 100 livros.

Citações Martin Gardner

„The men who radically altered history, the great scientists and mathematicians, are seldom mentioned, if at all.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: Biographical history, as taught in our public schools, is still largely a history of boneheads: ridiculous kings and queens, paranoid political leaders, compulsive voyagers, ignorant generals — the flotsam and jetsam of historical currents. The men who radically altered history, the great scientists and mathematicians, are seldom mentioned, if at all. From a [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F40F13FC345E157493CBA9178ED85F428785F9# book review in The New York Times (9 May 1976)], also quoted in The American Mathematical Monthly (December 1994)

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„Ever since I was a boy, I've been fascinated by crazy science and such things as perpetual motion machines and logical paradoxes.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: Ever since I was a boy, I've been fascinated by crazy science and such things as perpetual motion machines and logical paradoxes. I've always enjoyed keeping up with those ideas. I suppose I didn't get into it seriously until I wrote my first book, Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. I was influenced by the Dianetics movement, now called Scientology, which was then promoted by John Campbell in Astounding Science Fiction. I was astonished at how rapidly the thing had become a cult. "Interview: Martin Gardner" by Scot Morris in Omni, Vol. 4, No. 4 (January 1982)

„There are, and always have been, destructive pseudo-scientific notions linked to race and religion; these are the most widespread and damaging.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: There are, and always have been, destructive pseudo-scientific notions linked to race and religion; these are the most widespread and damaging. Hopefully, educated people can succeed in shedding light into these areas of prejudice and ignorance, for as Voltaire once said: "Men will commit atrocities as long as they believe absurdities." Bernard Sussman, "Exclusive Interview with Martin Gardner", Southwind (Miami-Dade Junior College), Vol. 3, No. 1 (Fall 1968)

„For a moment the waves and particles dance in grotesque, inconceivably complex patterns capable of reflecting on their own absurdity.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: The last level of metaphor in the Alice books is this: that life, viewed rationally and without illusion, appears to be a nonsense tale told by an idiot mathematician. At the heart of things science finds only a mad, never-ending quadrille of Mock Turtle Waves and Gryphon Particles. For a moment the waves and particles dance in grotesque, inconceivably complex patterns capable of reflecting on their own absurdity. Introduction to The Annotated Alice (1960) // The Annotated Alice. The Definitive Edition (1999), by Lewis Carroll (Author, Christ Church College, Oxford), John Tenniel (Illustrated by), Martin Gardner (Editor, Introduction and notes by), page viii

„The last level of metaphor in the Alice books is this: that life, viewed rationally and without illusion, appears to be a nonsense tale told by an idiot mathematician.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: The last level of metaphor in the Alice books is this: that life, viewed rationally and without illusion, appears to be a nonsense tale told by an idiot mathematician. At the heart of things science finds only a mad, never-ending quadrille of Mock Turtle Waves and Gryphon Particles. For a moment the waves and particles dance in grotesque, inconceivably complex patterns capable of reflecting on their own absurdity. Introduction to The Annotated Alice (1960) // The Annotated Alice. The Definitive Edition (1999), by Lewis Carroll (Author, Christ Church College, Oxford), John Tenniel (Illustrated by), Martin Gardner (Editor, Introduction and notes by), page viii

„I've never made a discovery myself, unless by accident.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: I've never made a discovery myself, unless by accident. If you write glibly, you fool people. When I first met Asimov, I asked him if he was a professor at Boston University. He said no and … asked me where I got my Ph. D. I said I didn't have one and he looked startled. "You mean you're in the same racket I am," he said, "you just read books by the professors and rewrite them?" That's really what I do. Quoted in Sally Helgeson, "Every Day", Bookletter, Vol. 3, No. 8 (6 December 1976), p. 8

„The failure of any prediction can always be blamed on quirky political decisions or unforeseen historical events.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: Ideologues of all persuasions think they know how the economy will respond to the Administration's strange mixture of Lafferism and monetarism. Indeed, their self-confidence is so vast, and their ability to rationalize so crafty, that one cannot imagine a scenario for the next few years, that they would regard as falsifying their dogma. The failure of any prediction can always be blamed on quirky political decisions or unforeseen historical events. "The Laffer Curve", Knotted Doughnuts and other Mathematical Entertainments (1986)

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„Debunking bad science should be constant obligation of the science community, even if it takes time away from serious research or seems to be a losing battle.“

— Martin Gardner
Context: Debunking bad science should be constant obligation of the science community, even if it takes time away from serious research or seems to be a losing battle. One takes comfort from the fact there is no Gresham's laws in science. In the long run, good science drives out bad. The Night Is Large (1996), Introduction to Part III, Pseudoscience p. 171

„In many cases a dull proof can be supplemented by a geometric analogue so simple and beautiful that the truth of a theorem is almost seen at a glance.“

— Martin Gardner
"Mathematical Games", in Scientific American (October 1973); also quoted in Roger B. Nelson, Proofs Without Words: Exercises in Visual Thinking (1993), "Introduction", p. v

„I can say this. I believe that the human mind, or even the mind of a cat, is more interesting in its complexity than an entire galaxy if it is devoid of life.“

— Martin Gardner
[http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-29688355 Martin Gardner, puzzle master extraordinaire] obituary by Colm Mulcahy, BBC News Magazine, October 21, 2014

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„Mathematical magic combines the beauty of mathematical structure with the entertainment value of a trick.“

— Martin Gardner
[https://books.google.com/books?id=-kOFBQAAQBAJ&pg=PR11#v=onepage&q=%22Mathematical%20magic%20combines%22%23v%3Dsnippet&f=false Mathematics, Magic, and Mystery] (1956), p. ix

„As I have often said, electrons and gerbils don't cheat. People do.“

— Martin Gardner
"Science: Why I Am Not A Paranormalist", in The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener (1983)

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