Frases de Luciano de Samósata
Luciano de Samósata
Data de nascimento: 120
Outros nomes:Лукиан Самосатский
Luciano de Samósata nasceu ca. 125 em Samósata, na província romana da Síria, e morreu pouco depois de 181, talvez em Alexandria, Egito. De certo, pouca coisa se sabe a respeito de sua vida, mas o apogeu de sua atividade literária transcorreu entre 161 e 180, durante o reinado de Marco Aurélio.
De origem possivelmente semita, Luciano escreveu em grego e se tornou conhecido notadamente pelos diálogos satíricos. Satirizou e criticou acidamente os costumes e a sociedade da época e exerceu, a partir da Renascença, significativa influência em escritores ocidentais do porte de Erasmo, Rabelais, Quevedo, Swift, Voltaire e Machado de Assis.
A ele foram atribuídas mais de 80 obras, conhecidas em conjunto por corpus lucianeum , dentre as quais pelo menos uma dezena é apócrifa. As mais conhecidas são História Verdadeira , O amigo da mentira, Diálogo dos mortos, Leilão de vidas, O burro Lúcio, Hermotimo e A passagem de Peregrino.
Em Uma História Verdadeira, Luciano relata uma fantástica viagem à Lua, menciona a existência de vida extraterrestre e antecipa diversos outros temas popularizados durante o século XX pela ficção científica. Em A passagem de Peregrino legou-nos uma rara abordagem do cristianismo segundo o ponto de vista de um não-cristão.
Citações Luciano de Samósata
Sect. 39; vol. 2, p. 128; H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler (trans.) The Works of Lucian of Samosata.
„He is unpardonable, therefore, who cannot distinguish one from the other; but lays on history the paint of poetry, its flattery, fable, and hyperbole: it is just as ridiculous as it would be to clothe one of our robust wrestlers, who is as hard as an oak, in fine purple, or some such meretricious garb, and put paint on his cheeks; how would such ornaments debase and degrade him!“
„I say, therefore, that he who would write history well must be possessed of these two principal qualifications, a fine understanding and a good style: one is the gift of nature, and cannot be taught; the other may be acquired by frequent exercise, perpetual labour and an emulation of the ancients.“
„First, then, I went to the Indians, the mightiest nation upon earth. I had little trouble in persuading them to descend from their elephants and follow me. The Brahmins, who dwell between Oxydracae and the country of the Nechrei, are mine to a man: they live according to my laws, and are respected by all their neighbours; and the manner of their death is truly wonderful.“
[http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/luc/wl4/wl421.htm The Runaways]
"Menippus, a Necromantic Experiment", sect. 4; vol. 1, p. 158.
„The good historian, then, must be thus described: he must be fearless, uncorrupted, free, the friend of truth and of liberty; one who, to use the words of the comic poet, calls a fig a fig, and a skiff a skiff, neither giving nor withholding from any, from favour or from enmity, not influenced by pity, by shame, or by remorse; a just judge, so far benevolent to all as never to give more than is due to any in his work; a stranger to all, of no country, bound only by his own laws, acknowledging no sovereign, never considering what this or that man may say of him, but relating faithfully everything as it happened.“
„I now make the only true statement you are to expect – that I am a liar. This confession is, I consider, a full defence against all imputations. My subject is, then, what I have neither seen, experienced, nor been told, what neither exists nor could conceivably do so. I humbly solicit my readers' incredulity.“
"The True History", sect. 4; vol. 2, p. 137.
„For history, I say again, has this and this only for its own: if a man will start upon it, he must sacrifice to no God but Truth; he must neglect all else; his sole rule and unerring guide is this – to think not of those who are listening to him now, but of the yet unborn who shall seek his converse.“
Sect. 39; vol. 2, pp. 128-9; H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler (trans.) The Works of Lucian of Samosata.
Cited in Tim Flannery, Atmosphere of Hope. Solutions to the Climate Crisis, Penguin Books, 2015, page 81 .