Frases de Lord Birkenhead

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Lord Birkenhead

Data de nascimento: 12. Julho 1872
Data de falecimento: 30. Setembro 1930

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Lord Birkenhead, título de Frederick Edwin Smith, primeiro Conde de Birkenhead foi um político britânico.

Citações Lord Birkenhead

„We stand for the State and for the unity which, whether in the form of kingdom or empire or class solidarity, the State alone can bring.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Context: We stand for the State and for the unity which, whether in the form of kingdom or empire or class solidarity, the State alone can bring. Above all stands the State and in that phrase lies the essence of Toryism. Our ancestors left it to us, and not the least potent method of preserving it is to link the conception of State Toryism with the practice of Social Reform. "State Toryism and Social Reform" in Unionist Policy and Other Essays (1913). Pg 46.

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„We are asked to permit a hundred men to go round to the house of a man who wishes to exercise the common law right in this country to sell his labour where and when he chooses, and to 'advise' him or 'peacefully persuade' him not to work. If peaceful persuasion is the real object, why are a hundred men required to do it?“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Context: We are asked to permit a hundred men to go round to the house of a man who wishes to exercise the common law right in this country to sell his labour where and when he chooses, and to 'advise' him or 'peacefully persuade' him not to work. If peaceful persuasion is the real object, why are a hundred men required to do it? … Every honest man knows why trade unions insist on the right to a strong numerical picket. It is because they rely for their objects neither on peacefulness nor persuasion. Those whom they picket cannot be peacefully persuaded. They understand with great precision their own objects, and their own interests, and they are not in the least likely to be persuaded by the representatives of trade unions, with different objects and different interests. But, though arguments may never persuade them, numbers may easily intimidate them. And it is just because argument has failed, and intimidation has succeeded, that the Labour Party insists upon its right to picket unlimited in respect of numbers. Speech in the House of Commons against the Trade Disputes Bill (30 March 1906), as published in The Speeches of Lord Birkenhead (1929), pp. 15-22.

„None the wiser, perhaps, my lord but certainly better informed.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Context: Judge: I've listened to you for an hour and I'm none wiser. Smith: None the wiser, perhaps, my lord but certainly better informed. Quoted in "London Letter" by Francis Cowper in New York Law Journal (28 August 1961), p. 4.

„Politically, economically and philosophically the motive of self-interest not only is but must...and ought to be the mainspring of human conduct...For as long a time as the records of history have been preserved human societies passed through a ceaseless process of evolution and adjustment.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Context: Politically, economically and philosophically the motive of self-interest not only is but must... and ought to be the mainspring of human conduct... For as long a time as the records of history have been preserved human societies passed through a ceaseless process of evolution and adjustment. This process has sometimes been pacific, but more often it has resulted from warlike disturbance. The strength of different nations, measured in terms of arms, varies from century to century. The world continues to offer glittering prizes to those who have stout hearts and sharp swords; it is therefore extremely improbable that the experience of future ages will differ in any material respect from that which has happened since the twilight of the human race … it is for us who, in our history have proved ourselves a martial … people … to maintain in our own hands the adequate means for our own protection and … to march with heads erect and bright eyes along the road of our imperial destiny. "Idealism in International Politics", Rectoral Address at Glasgow University (7 November, 1923). Quoted in The Times, 8 November 1923, according to "Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925" by Peter J. Yearwood, pg 280

„The world continues to offer glittering prizes to those who have stout hearts and sharp swords“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Context: Politically, economically and philosophically the motive of self-interest not only is but must... and ought to be the mainspring of human conduct... For as long a time as the records of history have been preserved human societies passed through a ceaseless process of evolution and adjustment. This process has sometimes been pacific, but more often it has resulted from warlike disturbance. The strength of different nations, measured in terms of arms, varies from century to century. The world continues to offer glittering prizes to those who have stout hearts and sharp swords; it is therefore extremely improbable that the experience of future ages will differ in any material respect from that which has happened since the twilight of the human race … it is for us who, in our history have proved ourselves a martial … people … to maintain in our own hands the adequate means for our own protection and … to march with heads erect and bright eyes along the road of our imperial destiny. "Idealism in International Politics", Rectoral Address at Glasgow University (7 November, 1923). Quoted in The Times, 8 November 1923, according to "Guarantee of Peace: The League of Nations in British Policy 1914-1925" by Peter J. Yearwood, pg 280

„I have always placed my highest and most permanent hopes upon the eternity of the Communal situation.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Letter to Lord Reading (March 1925) on India, as quoted in Lord Reading (1967) by H. Montgomery Hyde, p. 387.

„May I be perfectly candid? I also am still a Unionist in this sense. If I were certified of twenty years of unbroken power in this country, I am still most clearly of opinion that the solution of the Irish question which would be best for England and best for Ireland would be the prosecution during that period of the policy which, in our opinion at least, had attained so large a measure of success in the year 1906. In saying this I make it quite plain that I am conscious that there are many of my colleagues—there must be many of my colleagues—who would not take that view. You must make the reservation that you are given that power and that you are given that power for the requisite period. The late Lord Salisbury spoke of "twenty years of resolute government." The Unionist Party, in the period to the close of which I refer, had been given some ten years, and it was only given those ten years by what many members of this House would describe as the accident of the issue, with its repercussion on the Election, of the war in South Africa. That accident and that Election gave the Unionist Party some ten years of office. Is it not evident, in trying to descry what lies in front of us through the mists of the future, that no man living can claim that twenty years, or anything like twenty years, lie in front of any Party that believes in the maintenance of the relations between Ireland and this country on the lines that have existed since the passing of the Act of Union?“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
[http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/1920/nov/23/government-of-ireland-bill Speech in the House of Lords] on the Government of Ireland Bill (23 November 1920).

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„To me it is frankly inconceivable that India will ever be fit for Dominion self-government.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Letter (24 November 1924), quoted in Lord Reading (1967) by H. Montgomery Hyde, p. 382.

„Judge: What do you suppose I am on the bench for?
Smith: It is not for me, Your Honour, to attempt to fathom the inscrutable workings of Providence.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Quoted in F.E. : The Life of F. E. Smith First Earl of Birkenhead (1933) by Frederick Second Earl of Birkenhead, 1959 edition, Ch 9. <!-- publ. Eyre and Spottiswoode, London -->

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„Judge: You are extremely offensive, young man!
Smith: As a matter of fact we both are; and the only difference between us is that I am trying to be, and you can't help it.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Quoted in F.E. : The Life of F. E. Smith First Earl of Birkenhead (1933) by Frederick Second Earl of Birkenhead, 1959 edition, Ch 9. <!-- publ. Eyre and Spottiswoode, London -->

„Churchill has spent the best years of his life preparing impromptu remarks.“

— F. E. Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead
Quoted in A Politician Must Watch His Wit by Clayton Fritchley in The New York Times Magazine (3 July 1960), p. 31.

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