Frases de Joseph Schumpeter

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Joseph Schumpeter

Data de nascimento: 8. Fevereiro 1883
Data de falecimento: 8. Janeiro 1950
Outros nomes: Schumpeter

Joseph Alois Schumpeter foi um economista e cientista político austríaco. É considerado um dos mais importantes economistas da primeira metade do século XX, e foi um dos primeiros a considerar as inovações tecnológicas como motor do desenvolvimento capitalista. Além disso, marcou profundamente a história da reflexão política com sua teoria democrática a qual redefiniu o sentido de democracia, tida como uma simples maneira de gerar uma minoria governante legítima, ou seja, uma definição procedimental que passa a ser a base de diversas concepções posteriores.


„A primeira coisa que um homem fará pelos seus ideais é mentir.“

„Ninguém dá importância ao pão pela quantidade de pão que existe num país ou no mundo, mas todos medem sua utilidade de acordo com a quantidade disponível para si, e isso, por sua vez, depende da quantidade total.“


„Geniuses and prophets do not usually excel in professional learning, and their originality, if any, is often due precisely to the fact that they do not.“ Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

„The first thing a man will do for his ideal is lie“

„History is a record of "effects" the vast majority of which nobody intended to produce.“

„This civilization is rapidly passing away, however. Let us rejoice or else lament the fact as much as everyone of us likes; but do not let us shut our eyes to it.“ Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

„In one important sense, Marxism is a religion. To the believer it presents, first, a system of ultimate ends that embody the meaning of life and are absolute standards by which to judge events and actions; and, secondly, a guide to those ends which implies a plan of salvation and the indication of the evil from which mankind, or a chosen section of mankind, is to be saved.“ Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

„Politicians are like bad horsemen who are so preoccupied with staying in the saddle that they can’t bother about where they’re going.“


„Please do not think that I am accusing socialists of insincerity or that I wish to hold them up to scorn either as bad democrats or as unprincipled schemers and opportunists. I fully believe, in spite of the childish Machiavellism in which some of their prophets indulge, that fundamentally most of them always have been as sincere in their professions as any other men. Besides, I do not believe in insincerity in social strife, for people always come to think what they want to think and what they incessantly profess. As regards democracy, socialist parties are presumably no more opportunists than are any others; they simply espouse democracy if, as, and when it serves their ideals and interests and not otherwise. Lest readers should be shocked and think so immoral a view worthy only of the most callous of political practitioners,...“ Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

„Social structures, types and attitudes are coins that do not readily melt. Once they are formed they persist, possibly for centuries, and since different structures and types display different degrees of this ability to survive, we almost always find that actual group and national behavior more or less departs from what we should expect it to be if we tried to infer it from the dominant forms of the productive process.“ Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

„The public mind has by now so thoroughly grown out of humor with it as to make condemnation of capitalism and all its works a foregone conclusion---almost a requirement of the etiquette of discussion.“ Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy

„Nothing should be more obvious than that the business organism cannot function according to design when its most important “parameters of action”—wages, prices, interest—are transferred to the political sphere and there dealt with according to the requirements of the political game or, which sometimes is more serious still, according to the ideas of some planners.“ Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy


„The first thing a man will do for his ideals is lie.“

„In order to identify himself with the capitalist system, the unemployed of today would have completely to forget his personal fate and the politician of today his personal ambition. The long-run interests of society are so entirely lodged with the upper strata of bourgeois society that it is perfectly natural for people to look upon them as the interests of that class only. For the masses, it is the short-run view that counts. Like Louis XV, they feel après nous le deluge, and from the standpoint of individualist utilitarianism they are of course being perfectly rational if they feel like that.“ Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

„As a matter of practical necessity, socialist democracy may eventually turn out to be more of a sham than capitalist democracy ever was. In any case, that democracy will not mean increased personal freedom.“ Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy

„Created by wars that required it, the machine now created the wars it required.“ Imperialism; And, Social Classes

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