Frases de Jonathan Edwards
Data de nascimento: 5. Outubro 1703
Data de falecimento: 22. Março 1758
Outros nomes:Ionathan Edwards,جاناتان ادواردز,Ҷонатан Эдвардс,جوناثان إدواردز
Jonathan Edwards foi pregador congregacional, teólogo calvinista e missionário aos índios americanos, e é considerado um dos maiores filósofos norte-americanos.
O trabalho teológico de Edwards é muito abrangente, com sua defesa da teologia reformada, a metafísica do determinismo teológico, e a herança puritana. Edwards teve um papel fundamental na formação do Primeiro Grande Despertamento e supervisionou alguns dos primeiros fogos de avivamento em 1733-1735 na sua igreja em Northampton, Massachusetts. O sermão de Edwards "Pecadores nas Mãos de um Deus Irado", é considerado um clássico da literatura americana inicial, o que ele fez durante outra onda de renascimento em 1741, após a visita de George Whitefield as Treze Colônias. Edwards é amplamente conhecido por seus muitos livros: O fim para o qual Deus criou o mundo, A Vida de David Brainerd, que serviu para inspirar milhares de missionários de todo o século XIX, que muitos evangélicos reformados leem ainda hoje. Edwards morreu devido a uma inoculação contra a varíola, pouco após o início da presidência do Colégio de Nova Jersey , e foi o avô de Aaron Burr.
Citações Jonathan Edwards
„Remember that pride is the worst viper that is in the heart, the greatest disturber of the soul's peace and sweet communion with Christ; it was the first sin that ever was, and lies lowest in the foundation of Satan's whole building, and is the most difficultly rooted out, and is the most hidden, secret and deceitful of all lusts, and often creeps in, insensibly, into the midst of religion and sometimes under the disguise of humility.“
— Jonathan Edwards
Letter to Deborah Hatheway (1741), in Letters and Personal Writings (1998), edited by George S. Claghorn, Vol. 16.
— Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
„A truly humble man is sensible of his natural distance from God; of his dependence on Him; of the insufficiency of his own power and wisdom; and that it is by God's power that he is upheld and provided for, and that he needs God's wisdom to lead and guide him, and His might to enable him to do what he ought to do for Him.“
„Of all the knowledge that we can ever obtain, the knowledge of God, and the knowledge of ourselves, are the most important.“
— Jonathan Edwards, A careful & strict inquiry into the modern prevailing notions of that freedom of the will, which is supposed to be essential to moral agency, virtue & vice, reward & punishment, praise & blame...
— Jonathan Edwards
Context: !-- He who has a false hope, has not that sight of his own corruptions which the saint has. A true Christian has ten times more to do with his heart and its corruptions, than a hypocrite: and the sins of his heart and practice, appear to him in their blackness; they look dreadful; and it often appears a very mysterious thing, that any grace can be consistent with such corruption, or should be in such a heart. But a false hope hides corruption, covers it all over, and the hypocrite looks clean and bright in his own eyes. --> There are two sorts of hypocrites: one that are deceived with their outward morality and external religion; many of which are professed Arminians, in the doctrine of justification: and the other, are those that are deceived with false discoveries and elevations; which often cry down works, and men's own righteousness, and talk much of free grace; but at the same time make a righteousness of their discoveries, and of their humiliation, and exalt themselves to heaven with them. These two kinds of hypocrites, Mr. Shepard, in his Exposition of the Parable of the Ten Virgins, distinguishes by the names of legal and evangelical hypocrites; and often speaks of the latter as the worst. And it is evident that the latter are commonly by far the most confident in their hope, and with the most difficulty brought off from it: I have scarcely known the instance of such a one, in my life, that has been undeceived. Jonathan Edwards, A Treatise Concerning Religious Affections (1746), PART II : Showing What Are No Certain Signs That Religious Affections Are Truly Gracious, Or That They Are Not, Ch. 11: Nothing can be certainly known of the nature of Religious Affections, that they much dispose persons with their mouths to praise and glorify God. <!-- (1831 edition), p. 194, also in Complete Christian Classics (1999), Vol. 1, p. 365 -->
— Jonathan Edwards, The Religious Affections