Frases de Jonas Salk

Jonas Salk photo
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Jonas Salk

Data de nascimento: 28. Outubro 1914
Data de falecimento: 23. Junho 1995

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Jonas Edward Salk foi um médico, virologista e epidemiologista norte americano, mais conhecido como o inventor da primeira vacina antipólio .

Trabalhou em Nova Iorque, Michigan, Pittsburgh e Califórnia. Em 1960 fundou o Salk Institute for Biological Studies em La Jolla, na Califórnia, que é atualmente um centro de pesquisas médicas e científicas.

Ao longo da vida científica, foi um dos milhares de pesquisadores a utilizar a herança de Henrietta Lacks, uma mulher norte-americana que faleceu de câncer. A linhagem de células de Henrietta eram peculiares a ponto de se tornarem um dos maiores ícones da ciência até os dias atuais e ficaram conhecidas como HeLa. Foi a partir das células HeLa que Salk produziu a vacina contra a poliomelite.

Nos últimos anos de vida, dedicou muita energia na tentativa de desenvolver uma vacina contra a AIDS. Salk não buscava fama ou fortuna com as descobertas, e é citado como tendo dito: "A quem pertence a minha vacina? Ao povo! Você pode patentear o sol?"

Até 1955, quando a vacina começou a ser administrada, a poliomielite era considerada o problema de saúde pública mais assustador do pós-guerra estado-unidense. As epidemias anuais eram cada vez mais devastadoras no país. A epidemia de 1952 foi o pior surto na história do país norte-americano. Dos quase 58 mil casos notificados naquele ano, 3.145 pessoas morreram e 21.269 ficaram com algum tipo de paralisia, sendo que a maioria das vítimas eram crianças. De acordo com um documentário da PBS em 2009, o segundo maior temor dos Estados Unidos, na época, foi a pólio, perdendo apenas para o medo de o país ser atacado por uma bomba atômica.

Consequentemente, cientistas iniciaram uma corrida frenética para encontrar um meio de prevenir e curar a doença. Assim, segundo Denemberg, "Salk trabalhou dezesseis horas por dia, sete dias por semana, durante anos..." para chegar à descoberta da vacina.

== Referências ==

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Citações Jonas Salk

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„My life is pretty well at peace, and the profession is more of an avocation. It's a calling, if you like, rather than a job. I do what I feel impelled to do, as an artist would.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: My life is pretty well at peace, and the profession is more of an avocation. It's a calling, if you like, rather than a job. I do what I feel impelled to do, as an artist would. Scientists function in the same way. I see all these as creative activities, as all part of the process of discovery. Perhaps that's one of the characteristics of what I call the evolvers, any subset of the population who keep things moving in a positive, creative, constructive way, revealing the truth and beauty that exists in life and in nature.

„I have the impression that the new generation of young people, are coming up on the scene with a sense "ancestorhood", and with more wisdom than was evident before.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: I have the impression that the new generation of young people, are coming up on the scene with a sense "ancestorhood", and with more wisdom than was evident before. I think this comes about as a matter of necessity — Almost as if there is something in us that is innate, something inherent in us, that is destined for a longer term, rather than a shorter term future.

„I have come to associate a kind of success that we are referring to, to individuals who have a combination of attributes that are often associated with creativity. In a way they are mutants, they are different from others. And they follow their own drummer.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: I have come to associate a kind of success that we are referring to, to individuals who have a combination of attributes that are often associated with creativity. In a way they are mutants, they are different from others. And they follow their own drummer. We know what that means. And are we all like that? We are not like that. If you are, then it would be well to recognize that there were others before you. And, people like that are not very happy or content, until they are allowed to express, or they can express what's in them to express. It's that driving force that I think is like the process of evolution working on us, and in us, and with us, and through us. That's how we continue on, and will improve our lot in life, solve the problems that arise. Partly out of necessity, partly out of this drive to improve.

„Now, some people might look at something and let it go by, because they don't recognize the pattern and the significance. It's the sensitivity to pattern recognition that seems to me to be of great importance. It's a matter of being able to find meaning, whether it's positive or negative, in whatever you encounter.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: Now, some people might look at something and let it go by, because they don't recognize the pattern and the significance. It's the sensitivity to pattern recognition that seems to me to be of great importance. It's a matter of being able to find meaning, whether it's positive or negative, in whatever you encounter. It's like a journey. It's like finding the paths that will allow you to go forward, or that path that has a block that tells you to start over again or do something else.

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„I think of evolution as an error-making and error-correcting process, and we are constantly learning from experience.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: The idea of being constructive, creative, positive, in trying to bring out the best in one's own self and the best in others follows from what I've just been saying. Again, I repeat my belief in us, in ourselves, as the product of the process of evolution, and part of the process itself. I think of evolution as an error-making and error-correcting process, and we are constantly learning from experience. It's the need to dedicate one's self in that way, to one's own self, and to choose an activity or life that is of value not only to yourself but to others as well.

„I speak about universal evolution and teleological evolution, because I think the process of evolution reflects the wisdom of nature.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: I speak about universal evolution and teleological evolution, because I think the process of evolution reflects the wisdom of nature. I see the need for wisdom to become operative. We need to try to put all of these things together in what I call an evolutionary philosophy of our time.

„Well, the people, I would say. There is no patent. Could you patent the sun?“

— Jonas Salk
Context: Edward R. Murrow: Who owns the patent on this vaccine? Jonas Salk: Well, the people, I would say. There is no patent. Could you patent the sun? CBS Television interview, on See It Now (12 April 1955); quoted in Shots in the Dark : The Wayward Search for an AIDS Vaccine (2001) by Jon Cohen

„The art of science is as important as so-called technical science. You need both. It's this combination that must be recognized and acknowledged and valued.“

— Jonas Salk
Context: Reason alone will not serve. Intuition alone can be improved by reason, but reason alone without intuition can easily lead the wrong way. They both are necessary. The way I like to put it is that when I have an intuition about something, I send it over to the reason department. Then after I've checked it out in the reason department, I send it back to the intuition department to make sure that it's still all right. That's how my mind works, and that's how I work. That's why I think that there is both an art and a science to what we do. The art of science is as important as so-called technical science. You need both. It's this combination that must be recognized and acknowledged and valued.

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