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Jane Addams

Data de nascimento: 6. Setembro 1860
Data de falecimento: 21. Maio 1935

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Jane Addams, conhecida como "a mãe do trabalho social" foi uma pioneira ativista, assistente social, socióloga, filósofa, feminista, pacifista e reformadora estadunidense, a segunda mulher a ganhar o Prêmio Nobel da Paz. Em 1889 co-fundou a Hull House junto de Ellen Gates Starr, que se tornaria um dos maiores do país. Em uma época em que os presidentes Theodore Roosevelt e Woodrow Wilson se identificavam como reformistas e ativistas sociais, Jane Addams era a mais proeminente da Era Progressista.

Ela ajudou os Estados Unidos a focar seus esforços em problemas maternos, como as necessidades das crianças pequenas, saúde pública e acessível e a paz mundial. Em seu ensaio “Utilization of Women in City Government”, Jane notou a conexão entre áreas do governo e a economia doméstica, declarando que muitos departamentos governamentais, tais como saneamento básico e educação infantil podiam ser traçados até os papéis tradicionais da mulher na esfera privada dos lares. Estes eram assuntos em que mulheres teriam mais conhecimento que os homens, portanto elas é quem deveriam opinar e ter suas ponderações levadas à sério.

Jane tornaria-se um modelo para a mulher de classe média que se engajava por sua comunidade. Foi gradativamente reconhecida como membro da escola pragmática de filosofia, conhecida por muitos como a primeira mulher abertamente filósofa dos Estados Unidos. Em 1889 seria a co-fundadora da Hull House, e em 1920 co-fundadora da União Americana pelas Liberdades Civis . Em 1931, tornaria-se a primeira dos Estados Unidos receberam um prêmio Nobel da Paz, em reconhecimento ao seu trabalho social no país.

Citações Jane Addams

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„These young men and women, longing to socialize their democracy, are animated by certain hopes which may be thus loosely formulated; that if in a democratic country nothing can be permanently achieved save through the masses of the people, it will be impossible to establish a higher political life than the people themselves crave; that it is difficult to see how the notion of a higher civic life can be fostered save through common intercourse; that the blessings which we associate with a life of refinement and cultivation can be made universal and must be made universal if they are to be permanent; that the good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain, is floating in mid-air, until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life.“

—  Jane Addams
Context: These young people accomplish little toward the solution of this social problem, and bear the brunt of being cultivated into unnourished, oversensitive lives. They have been shut off from the common labor by which they live which is a great source of moral and physical health. They feel a fatal want of harmony between their theory and their lives, a lack of coördination between thought and action. I think it is hard for us to realize how seriously many of them are taking to the notion of human brotherhood, how eagerly they long to give tangible expression to the democratic ideal. These young men and women, longing to socialize their democracy, are animated by certain hopes which may be thus loosely formulated; that if in a democratic country nothing can be permanently achieved save through the masses of the people, it will be impossible to establish a higher political life than the people themselves crave; that it is difficult to see how the notion of a higher civic life can be fostered save through common intercourse; that the blessings which we associate with a life of refinement and cultivation can be made universal and must be made universal if they are to be permanent; that the good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain, is floating in mid-air, until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life. "The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements" http://www.infed.org/archives/e-texts/addams6.htm; this piece by Jane Addams was first published in 1892 and later appeared as chapter six of Twenty Years at Hull House (1910)

„What after all, has maintained the human race on this old globe despite all the calamities of nature and all the tragic failings of mankind, if not faith in new possibilities, and courage to advocate them.“

—  Jane Addams
Context: What after all, has maintained the human race on this old globe despite all the calamities of nature and all the tragic failings of mankind, if not faith in new possibilities, and courage to advocate them. Doubtless many times these new possibilities were declared by a man who, quite unconscious of courage, bore the "sense of being an exile, a condemned criminal, a fugitive from mankind." Did every one so feel who, in order to travel on his own proper path had been obliged to leave the traditional highway? Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922), Chapter 7 : Personal Reactions During War

„That which may have sounded like righteous teaching when it was remote and wordy, will be challenged afresh when it is obliged to simulate life itself.“

—  Jane Addams
Context: I have come to believe … that the stage may do more than teach, that much of our current moral instruction will not endure the test of being cast into a lifelike mold, and when presented in dramatic form will reveal itself as platitudinous and effete. That which may have sounded like righteous teaching when it was remote and wordy, will be challenged afresh when it is obliged to simulate life itself. Ch. 16

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„In his own way each man must struggle, lest the moral law become a far-off abstraction utterly separated from his active life.“

—  Jane Addams
As quoted in The MacMillan Dictionary of Quotations (1989) by John Daintith, Hazel Egerton, Rosalind Ferguson, Anne Stibbs and Edmund Wright, p. 374.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“