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James Frazer

Data de nascimento: 1. Janeiro 1854
Data de falecimento: 7. Maio 1941

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James George Frazer , foi um influente antropólogo nos primeiros estágios dos estudos modernos de mitologia e religião comparada.

Citações James Frazer

„Small minds cannot grasp great ideas;“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: Small minds cannot grasp great ideas; to their narrow comprehension, their purblind vision, nothing seems really great and important but themselves. Such minds hardly rise into religion at all. Chapter 4, Magic and Religion.

„Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: For when a nation becomes civilized, if it does not drop human sacrifices altogether, it at least selects as victims only such wretches as would be put to death at any rate. Thus the killing of a god may sometimes come to be confounded with the execution of a criminal. Chapter 57, Public Scapegoats

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„The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: From the earliest times man has been engaged in a search for general rules whereby to turn the order of natural phenomena to his own advantage, and in the long search he has scraped together a great hoard of such maxims, some of them golden and some of them mere dross. The true or golden rules constitute the body of applied science which we call the arts; the false are magic. Chapter 4, Magic and Religion.

„The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: But once a fool always a fool, and the greater the power in his hands the more disastrous is likely to be the use he makes of it. The heaviest calamity in English history, the breach with America, might never have occurred if George the Third had not been an honest dullard. Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.

„A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: The natives of British Columbia live largely upon the fish which abound in their seas and rivers. If the fish do not come in due season, and the Indians are hungry, A Nootka wizard will make an image of a swimming fish and put it into the water in the direction from which the fish generally appear. This ceremony, accompanied by a prayer to the fish to come, will cause them to arrive at once. Chapter 3, Sympathetic Magic.

„They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: In the ages to come man may be able to predict, perhaps even to control, the wayward courses of the winds and the clouds, but hardly will his puny hands have strength to speed afresh our slackening planet in its orbit or rekindle the dying fire of the sun. Yet the philosopher who trembles at the idea of such distant catastrophes may console himself by reflecting that these gloomy apprehensions, like the earth and the sun themselves, are only parts of that unsubstantial world which thought has conjured up out of the void, and that the phantoms which the subtle enchantress has evoked to-day she may ban to-morrow. They too, like so much that to the common eye seems solid, may melt into air, into thin air. Chapter 69, Farewell to Nemi

„For myth changes while custom remains constant;“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Context: For myth changes while custom remains constant; men continue to do what their did before them, though the reasons on which their fathers acted have been long forgotten. The history of religion is a long attempt to reconcile old custom with new reason, to find a sound theory for an absurd practice. Chapter 49, Ancient Deities of Vegetation as Animals.

„The consideration of human suffering is not one which enters into the calculations of primitive man.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 64, The Burning of Human Beings in the Fires.

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„The world cannot live at the level of its great men.“

—  James Frazer, livro The Golden Bough
The Golden Bough (1890), Chapter 37, Oriental Religions in the West.

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