Frases de İsmail Enver

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İsmail Enver

Data de nascimento: 22. Novembro 1881
Data de falecimento: 4. Agosto 1922

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İsmail Enver , conhecido pelos europeus como Enver Paxá ou Enver Bey foi um oficial militar e político turco, um dos líderes da revolução organizada pelos chamados Jovens Turcos. Liderou o exército do Império Otomano na Guerra dos Bálcãs e na Primeira Guerra Mundial. Graças as suas contribuições à revolução, ele recebeu o apelido de Hürriyet Kahramanı .Enver Bey nasceu numa próspera família em Constantinopla. Estudou em diferentes graus das escolas militares do Império até ser formado na Academia Militar Harp, em 1903. Foi promovido a Caide em 1906, e depois mandado para Thessalonica, base do 3º Exército. Durante seu serviço na cidade, virou membro do Comitê da União e Progresso. Ele fez importantes contribuições para a instituição da Constituição Otomana. Foi a segunda tentativa depois da primeira constituição ter sido abolida pelo califa Abdul Hamid II em 1878. Foi enviado a Berlim, como diplomata; lá estudou a doutrina militar prussiana e levou essa influência para o exército otomano.Durante a I Guerra Mundial Enver Pasha foi comandante supremo das forças armadas otomanas, era ambicioso e sonhava em reconquistar a Ásia central e áreas que haviam perdido para a Rússia anteriormente. Ele era, no entanto, um comandante medíocre. Ele lançou uma ofensiva contra os russos no Cáucaso, em dezembro de 1914, com cem mil soldados, insistindo em um ataque frontal contra as posições russas montanhosas no inverno. Ele perdeu 86% de sua força na Batalha de Sarikamish.

Citações İsmail Enver

„We are taking care of our troops today, hence their loyalty. Formerly a rifle was given to a man and he had to shift for himself.“

—  İsmail Enver
Quoted in "The Armenian Genocide: News Accounts from the American Press, 1915-1922" - Page 7 - by Richard Diran Kloian - History – 1985.

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„The threat could be eliminated by removing the Armenians from the places where they lived and sending them to other places.“

—  İsmail Enver
Quoted in "A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility" - by Taner Akcam - History - 2007 - Page 143.

„If the Russians retreat, they are done.“

—  İsmail Enver
Quoted in "The Armenian Review" - Page 89 - by Hairenik Association - Armenia – 1948.

„You are greatly mistaken. We have this country absolutely under our control. I have no desire to shift the blame onto our underlings and I am entirely willing to accept the responsibility myself for everything that has taken place.“

—  İsmail Enver
In reply to US Ambassador Morgenthau who was deploring the massacres against Armenians and attributing them to irresponsible subalterns and underlings in the distant provinces. Quoted in "The burning Tigris: the Armenian genocide and America's response" - Page 374 - by Peter Balakian - History - 2003.

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„All who seek to enrich those who do not work should be destroyed.“

—  İsmail Enver
Quoted in "Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination" - Page 405 - by Ben Kiernan - Social Science - 2007.

„The transformation of the Islamic world into one of revolution, as His Majesty has desired, had been in preparation for some time and had now been put into action.“

—  İsmail Enver
August 19, 1914. Quoted in "A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility" - by Taner Akcam - History - 2007 - Page 132.

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„The Armenians had a fair warning of what would happen to them in case they joined our enemies. Three months ago I sent for the Armenian Patriarch and I told him that if the Armenians attempted to start a revolution or to assist the Russians, I would be unable to prevent mischief from happening to them. My warning produced no effect and the Armenians started a revolution and helped the Russians. You know what happened at Van. They obtained control of the city, used bombs against government buildings, and killed a large number of Moslems. We knew that they were planning uprisings in other places. You must understand that we are now fighting for our lives at the Dardanelles and that we are sacrificing thousands of men. While we are engaged in such a struggle as this, we cannot permit people in our own country to attack us in the back. We have got to prevent this no matter what means we have to resort to. It is absolutely true that I am not opposed to the Armenians as a people. I have the greatest admiration for their intelligence and industry, and I should like nothing better than to see them become a real part of our nation. But if they ally themselves with our enemies, as they did in the Van district, they will have to be destroyed. I have taken pains to see that no injustice is done; only recently I gave orders to have three Armenians who had been deported returned to their homes, when I found that they were innocent. Russia, France, Great Britain, and America are doing the Armenians no kindness by sympathizing with and encouraging them. I know what such encouragement means to a people who are inclined to revolution. When our Union and Progress Party attacked Abdul Hamid, we received all our moral encouragement from the outside world. This encouragement was of great help to us and had much to do with our success. It might similarly now help the Armenians and their revolutionary programme. I am sure that if these outside countries did not encourage them, they would give up all their efforts to oppose the present government and become law-abiding citizens. We now have this country in our absolute control and we can easily revenge ourselves on any revolutionists.“

—  İsmail Enver
Quoted in "Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to the Present" - Page 188 - by Matthew J. Gibney, Randall Hansen - Social Science - 2005.

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