Frases de Ibn Battuta

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Ibn Battuta

Data de nascimento: 24. Fevereiro 1304
Data de falecimento: 1377

Xameçadim Abu Abdalá Maomé ibne Maomé ibne Ibraim Aluati Atanji , mais conhecido como Ibne Batuta , foi um viajante, estudioso e explorador berbere.

Partiu da sua cidade natal em 1325 para a sua primeira viagem, cuja rota englobava o Egito, Meca e o Iraque. Mais tarde, correu o Iêmen, a África Oriental, as margens do rio Nilo, a Ásia Menor, a costa do mar Negro, a Crimeia, a Rússia, o Afeganistão, a Índia - onde visitou Calecute, por exemplo -, as ilhas da Sonda e a região de Cantão, na China.

Nos últimos anos de vida, esteve em Granada, Espanha, quando esta era ainda a capital do reino nasrida . Realizou depois a travessia do deserto do Saara pelo famoso e mítico trilho das caravanas de Tombuctu. Por fim, acabou por se fixar no seu país de origem, Marrocos, onde acabaria por falecer em 1377, na importante cidade de Fez. Como testemunho das suas viagens deixou ficar a obra ditada e escrita pelo seu secretário, que se intitula Tuhfat annozzâr fi ajaib alamsâr, , a qual relata as várias epopeias e jornadas aventurosas da sua vida de viajante explorador.

Citações Ibn Battuta

„One day I rode in company with ‘Alã-ul-mulk and arrived at a plain called Tarna at a distance of seven miles from the city. There I saw innumerable stone images and animals, many of which had undergone a change, the original shape being obliterated. Some were reduced to a head, others to a foot and so on. Some of the stones were shaped like grain, wheat, peas, beans and lentils. And there were traces of a house which contained a chamber built of hewn stone, the whole of which looked like one solid mass. Upon it was a statue in the form of a man, the only difference being that its head was long, its mouth was towards a side of its face and its hands at its back like a captive’s. There were pools of water from which an extremely bad smell came. Some of the walls bore Hindî inscriptions. ‘Alã-ul-mulk told me that the historians assume that on this site there was a big city, most of the inhabitants of which were notorious. They were changed into stone. The petrified human form on the platform in the house mentioned above was that of their king. The house still goes by the name of ‘the king’s house’. It is presumed that the Hindî inscriptions, which some of the walls bear, give the history of the destruction of the inhabitants of this city. The destruction took place about a thousand years ago…“

—  Ibn Battuta

Lahari Bandar (Sindh) . The Rehalã of Ibn Battûta translated into English by Mahdi Hussain, Baroda, 1967, p. 10.
Travels in Asia and Africa (Rehalã of Ibn Battûta)

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