Frases de Howard Zinn

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Howard Zinn

Data de nascimento: 24. Agosto 1922
Data de falecimento: 27. Janeiro 2010

Howard Zinn foi um historiador, cientista político e ativista e dramaturgo estadunidense, mais conhecido como autor do livro People's History of the United States , que vendeu mais de um milhão de cópias desde que foi lançado em 1980.

Ele havia sido uma figura proeminente dos movimentos pacifista, antibelicista, pelo reconhecimento de direitos e liberdades civis desde os anos 1960. Autoproclamado anarquista em diversas ocasiões, Zinn reconhecia seu pensamento e obra em profunda relação com esta filosofia política. Durante as últimas décadas, participou da dissidência política estadunidense, tecendo profundas críticas às instituições capitalistas e aos estados nacionais.

Zinn faleceu em janeiro de 2010, aos 87 anos de idade, vítima de um ataque cardíaco, durante uma viagem à cidade de Santa Mônica, na Califórnia.

Citações Howard Zinn

„Não saberemos a menos que comecemos.“

„There is no flag large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people.“

„TO BE HOPEFUL in bad times is not just foolishly romantic. It is based on the fact that human history is a history not only of cruelty, but also of compassion, sacrifice, courage, kindness.
What we choose to emphasize in this complex history will determine our lives. If we see only the worst, it destroys our capacity to do something. If we remember those times and places—and there are so many—where people have behaved magnificently, this gives us the energy to act, and at least the possibility of sending this spinning top of a world in a different direction.
And if we do act, in however small a way, we don’t have to wait for some grand utopian future. The future is an infinite succession of presents, and to live now as we think human beings should live, in defiance of all that is bad around us, is itself a marvelous victory.“

„How can you have a war on terrorism when war itself is terrorism?“

„I'm worried that students will take their obedient place in society and look to become successful cogs in the wheel - let the wheel spin them around as it wants without taking a look at what they're doing. I'm concerned that students not become passive acceptors of the official doctrine that's handed down to them from the White House, the media, textbooks, teachers and preachers.“

„Civil disobedience is not our problem. Our problem is civil obedience. Our problem is that people all over the world have obeyed the dictates of leaders…and millions have been killed because of this obedience…Our problem is that people are obedient allover the world in the face of poverty and starvation and stupidity, and war, and cruelty. Our problem is that people are obedient while the jails are full of petty thieves… (and) the grand thieves are running the country. That’s our problem.“

„Historically, the most terrible things - war, genocide, and slavery - have resulted not from disobedience, but from obedience.“

„Protest beyond the law is not a departure from democracy; it is absolutely essential to it.“

„History is important. If you don't know history it is as if you were born yesterday. And if you were born yesterday, anybody up there in a position of power can tell you anything, and you have no way of checking up on it.“

„We don't have to engage in grand, heroic actions to participate in the process of change. Small acts, when multiplied by millions of people, can transform the world.“

„But I suppose the most revolutionary act one can engage in is... to tell the truth.“ Marx in Soho: A Play on History

„I wonder how the foreign policies of the United States would look if we wiped out the national boundaries of the world, at least in our minds, and thought of all children everywhere as our own.“

„The challenge remains. On the other side are formidable forces: money, political power, the major media. On our side are the people of the world and a power greater than money or weapons: the truth.
Truth has a power of its own. Art has a power of its own. That age-old lesson – that everything we do matters – is the meaning of the people’s struggle here in the United States and everywhere. A poem can inspire a movement. A pamphlet can spark a revolution. Civil disobedience can arouse people and provoke us to think, when we organize with one another, when we get involved, when we stand up and speak out together, we can create a power no government can suppress. We live in a beautiful country. But people who have no respect for human life, freedom, or justice have taken it over. It is now up to all of us to take it back.“
A Power Governments Cannot Suppress

„Small acts, when multiplied by millions of people, can transform the world.“

„The memory of oppressed people is one thing that cannot be taken away, and for such people, with such memories, revolt is always an inch below the surface.“ A People's History of the United States

„If those in charge of our society - politicians, corporate executives, and owners of press and television - can dominate our ideas, they will be secure in their power. They will not need soldiers patrolling the streets. We will control ourselves.“

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