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Henry Moore

Data de nascimento: 30. Julho 1898
Data de falecimento: 31. Agosto 1986

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Henry Spencer Moore foi um escultor e desenhista britânico que desenvolveu uma obra tridimensional predominantemente figurativa, com breves incursões pela abstração.

Filho de um engenheiro de minas, Moore se tornou conhecido por suas esculturas abstratas em grande escala, de bronze fundido e de mármore. Substancialmente sustentado pela instituição de arte britânica, Moore ajudou a introduzir uma forma especial de modernismo no Reino Unido.

Recebeu as condecorações Ordem de Mérito, Ordem dos Companheiros de Honra e fazia parte da Federação de Artistas Britânicos .

Freqüentou o Leeds College of Art e o Royal College of Art de Londres. Sua primeira exposição individual ocorreu em Londres, em 1928, onde apresentou 42 esculturas e 51 desenhos.

Foi influenciado sobretudo pela arte mexicana pré-colombiana, assim como pela arte arcaica e renascentista, pelo Surrealismo e pelo Construtivismo. A essa cultura visual vasta e multiforme do artista soma-se uma sensível capacidade de análise da natureza.

Citações Henry Moore

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„The idea for [his sculpture] 'The Warrior' came to me at the end of 1952 or very early in 1953. It was evolved from a pebble I found on the seashore in the summer of 1952, and which reminded me of the stump of a leg, amputated at the hip. Just as Leonardo says somewhere in his notebooks that a painter can find a battle scene in the lichen marks on a wall, so this gave me the start of The Warrior idea. First I added the body, leg and one arm and it became a wounded warrior, but at first the figure was reclining. A day or two later I added a shield and altered its position and arrangement into a seated figure and so it changed from an inactive pose into a figure which, though wounded, is still defiant... The head has a blunted and bull-like power but also a sort of dumb animal acceptance and forbearance of pain... The figure may be emotionally connected (as one critic has suggested) with one’s feelings and thoughts about England during the crucial and early part of the last war. The position of the shield and its angle gives protection from above. The distance of the shield from the body and the rectangular shape of the space enclosed between the inside surface of the shield and the concave front of the body is important... This sculpture is the first single and separate male figure that I have done in sculpture and carrying it out in its final large scale was almost like the discovery of a new subject matter; the bony, edgy, tense forms were a great excitement to make... Like the bronze 'Draped Reclining Figure' of 1952-3 I think 'The Warrior' has some Greek influence, not consciously wished...“

—  Henry Moore
Quote from Moore's letter, (15 Jan. 1955); as cited in Henry Moore on Sculpture: a Collection of the Sculptor's Writings and Spoken Words, ed. Philip James, MacDonald, London 1966, p. 250

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