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Henry Adams

Data de nascimento: 16. Fevereiro 1838
Data de falecimento: 27. Março 1918
Outros nomes: 亨利·亞當斯, Henry Brooks Adams

Henry Brooks Adams foi um historiador, jornalista e novelista estadunidense.Foi professor de História em Harvard, onde introduziu o sistema de seminários, escreveu a Monumental History of the United States during the Administration of Jefferson and Madison . Na sua obra Mont-Saint Michel and Chartres defende a tese de que a unidade da França no século XIII se ficou a dever ao culto da Virgem, presente em todos os aspectos da vida.

Em Letter to American Teachers of History pretende relacionar a História com as ciências e apresenta o progresso da Humanidade através de ciclos evolutivos. A obra Education of Henry Adams valeu-lhe o Prémio Pulitzer em 1919.

Obras

Citações Henry Adams

„Um professor influi para a eternidade; nunca se pode dizer até onde vai sua influencia.“

—  Henry Adams

Variante: Um professor afeta a eternidade; é impossível dizer até onde vai sua influência.

„Um professor sempre afeta a eternidade. Ele nunca saberá onde sua influência termina.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.
The Education of Henry Adams - http://books.google.com/books?id=BO7Ye0b7mekC&pg=PA243 página 243, Por Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

„Nada na instrução espanta como a quantidade de ignorância que acumula no formulário dos fatos inertes.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

Nothing in education is so astonishing as the amount of ignorance it accumulates in the form of inert facts
The Education of Henry Adams‎ - Página 306, de Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

„O conhecimento da natureza humana é o princípio e o fim da educação política.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

Knowledge of human nature is the beginning and end of political education.
The Education of Henry Adams‎ - Página 146, de Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

„Um amigo durante a vida é muito; dois é demais; três quase impossível. A amizade exige um certo paralelismo de vida, uma comunhão de idéias, uma rivalidade de objetivos.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

One friend in a lifetime is much, two are many, three are hardly possible. Friendship needs a certain parallelism of life, a community of thought, a rivalry of aim.
The Education of Henry Adams‎ - Página 252 http://books.google.com.br/books?id=BO7Ye0b7mekC&pg=PA252, de Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

„Amizades nascem, não são feitas.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

Friends are born, not made
The Education of Henry Adams‎ - Página 87, de Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

„A filosofia é composta de respostas incompreensíveis para questões insolúveis.“

—  Henry Adams, livro The Education of Henry Adams

philosophy, which consists chiefly in suggesting unintelligible answers to insoluble problems
The Education of Henry Adams - http://books.google.com/books?id=BO7Ye0b7mekC&pg=PA305 página 305, Por Henry Brooks Adams, Publicado por Forgotten Books ISBN 1606209361, 9781606209363

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„The proper study of mankind is woman“

—  Henry Adams

Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904)
Contexto: p>The twelfth and thirteenth centuries, studied in the pure light of political economy, are insane. The scientific mind is atrophied, and suffers under inherited cerebral weakness, when it comes in contact with the eternal woman,— Astarte, Isis, Demeter, Aphrodite, and the last and greatest deity of all, the Virgin. Very rarely one lingers, with a mild sympathy, such as suits the patient student of human error, willing to be interested in what he cannot understand. Still more rarely, owing to some revival of archaic instincts, he rediscovers the woman. This is perhaps the mark of the artist alone, and his solitary privilege. The rest of us cannot feel; we can only study. The proper study of mankind is woman, and, by common agreement since the time of Adam, it is the most complex and arduous. The study of Our Lady, as shown by the art of Chartres, leads directly back to Eve, and lays bare the whole subject of sex.If it were worthwhile to argue a paradox, one might maintain that nature regards the female as the essential, the male as the superfluity of her world.</p

„Religious minds prefer scepticism. The true saint is a profound sceptic; a total disbeliever in human reason, who has more than once joined hands on this ground with some who were at best sinners.“

—  Henry Adams

Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904)
Contexto: In every age man has been apt to dream uneasily, rolling from side to side, beating against imaginary bars, unless tired out he has sunk into indifference or scepticism. Religious minds prefer scepticism. The true saint is a profound sceptic; a total disbeliever in human reason, who has more than once joined hands on this ground with some who were at best sinners. Bernard was a total disbeliever in scholasticism; so was Voltaire.

„A period of about twelve years measured the beat of the pendulum.“

—  Henry Adams

A History of the United States of America During the First Administration of James Madison (1890), Vol. II, Ch. VI: Meeting of the Twelfth Congress; 1921 edition, p. 123
Contexto: A period of about twelve years measured the beat of the pendulum. After the Declaration of Independence, twelve years had been needed to create an efficient Constitution; another twelve years of energy brought a reaction against the government then created; a third period of twelve years was ending in a sweep toward still greater energy; and already a child could calculate the result of a few more such returns.

„So little egoistic he was that none of his friends felt envy of his extraordinary superiority, but rather grovelled before it, so that women were jealous of the power he had over men; but women were many and Kings were one. The men worshipped not so much their friend, as the ideal American they all wanted to be.“

—  Henry Adams

Contexto: p>Whatever prize he wanted lay ready for him — scientific social, literary, political — and he knew how to take them in turn. With ordinary luck he would die at eighty the richest and most many-sided genius of his day.So little egoistic he was that none of his friends felt envy of his extraordinary superiority, but rather grovelled before it, so that women were jealous of the power he had over men; but women were many and Kings were one. The men worshipped not so much their friend, as the ideal American they all wanted to be.</p

„If a Unity exists, in which and towards which all energies centre, it must explain and include Duality, Diversity, Infinity,— Sex!“

—  Henry Adams

Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904)
Contexto: No one has ventured to explain why the Virgin wielded exclusive power over poor and rich, sinners and saints alike. Why were all the Protestant churches cold failures without her help? Why could not the Holy Ghost,— the spirit of Love and Grace,— equally answer their prayers? Why was the Son powerless? Why was Chartres Cathedral — like Lourdes today — the expression of what is in substance a separate religion? Why did the gentle and gracious Virgin Mother so exasperate the Pilgrim Father? Why was the Woman struck out of the Church and ignored in the State? These questions are not antiquarian or trifling in historical value; they tug at the very heart-strings of all that makes whatever order is in the cosmos. If a Unity exists, in which and towards which all energies centre, it must explain and include Duality, Diversity, Infinity,— Sex!

„With the help of these two points of relation, he hoped to project his lines forward and backward indefinitely, subject to correction from any one who should know better. Thereupon, he sailed for home.“

—  Henry Adams

On the genesis of two of his historical and autobiographical works.
Contexto: Any schoolboy could see that man as a force must be measured by motion, from a fixed point. Psychology helped here by suggesting a unit — the point of history when man held the highest idea of himself as a unit in a unified universe. Eight or ten years of study had led Adams to think he might use the century 1150-1250, expressed in Amiens Cathedral and the Works of Thomas Aquinas, as the unit from which he might measure motion down to his own time, without assuming anything as true or untrue, except relation. The movement might be studied at once in philosophy and mechanics. Setting himself to the task, he began a volume which he mentally knew as "Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres: a Study of Thirteenth-Century Unity." From that point he proposed to fix a position for himself, which he could label: "The Education of Henry Adams: a Study of Twentieth-Century Multiplicity." With the help of these two points of relation, he hoped to project his lines forward and backward indefinitely, subject to correction from any one who should know better. Thereupon, he sailed for home.

„Absolute liberty is absence of restraint; responsibility is restraint; therefore the ideally free individual is responsible only to himself.“

—  Henry Adams

Mont Saint Michel and Chartres (1904)
Contexto: No one ever seriously affirmed the literal freedom of will. Absolute liberty is absence of restraint; responsibility is restraint; therefore the ideally free individual is responsible only to himself. This principle is the philosophical foundation of anarchism, and, for anything that science has yet proved, may be the philosophical foundation of the Universe; but it is fatal to all society and is especially hostile to the State. Perhaps the Church of the thirteenth century might have found a way to use even this principle for a good purpose; certainly the influence of Saint Bernard was sufficiently unsocial and that of Saint Francis was sufficiently unselfish to conciliate even anarchists of the militant class.

„This mental inertia of science lasted through the eighties before showing signs of breaking up; and nothing short of radium fairly wakened men to the fact, long since evident, that force was inexhaustible.“

—  Henry Adams

Contexto: Fifty years ago, science took for granted that the rate of acceleration could not last. The world forgets quickly, but even today the habit remains of founding statistics on the faith that consumption will continue nearly stationary. Two generations, with John Stuart Mill, talked of this stationary period, which was to follow the explosion of new power. All the men who were elderly in the forties died in this faith, and other men grew old nursing the same conviction, and happy in it; while science, for fifty years, permitted, or encouraged, society to think that force would prove to be limited in supply. This mental inertia of science lasted through the eighties before showing signs of breaking up; and nothing short of radium fairly wakened men to the fact, long since evident, that force was inexhaustible.

„Any schoolboy could see that man as a force must be measured by motion, from a fixed point.“

—  Henry Adams

On the genesis of two of his historical and autobiographical works.
Contexto: Any schoolboy could see that man as a force must be measured by motion, from a fixed point. Psychology helped here by suggesting a unit — the point of history when man held the highest idea of himself as a unit in a unified universe. Eight or ten years of study had led Adams to think he might use the century 1150-1250, expressed in Amiens Cathedral and the Works of Thomas Aquinas, as the unit from which he might measure motion down to his own time, without assuming anything as true or untrue, except relation. The movement might be studied at once in philosophy and mechanics. Setting himself to the task, he began a volume which he mentally knew as "Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres: a Study of Thirteenth-Century Unity." From that point he proposed to fix a position for himself, which he could label: "The Education of Henry Adams: a Study of Twentieth-Century Multiplicity." With the help of these two points of relation, he hoped to project his lines forward and backward indefinitely, subject to correction from any one who should know better. Thereupon, he sailed for home.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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