Frases de Gustave Moreau

Gustave Moreau foto
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Gustave Moreau

Data de nascimento: 6. Abril 1826
Data de falecimento: 18. Abril 1898

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Gustave Moreau foi um pintor francês. Tornou-se célebre por ser um dos principais impulsionadores da arte simbolista do século XIX.

Moreau começou como pintor realista. Posteriormente, sob a influência dos impressionistas e pré-rafaelitas, evoluiu para uma pintura mais romântica e espiritual, que lhe permitiu entrar nas fileiras do simbolismo, junto com Munch, Ensor, Puvis de Chavannes e Redon. Alguns historiadores de arte preferem se referir a eles como pós-impressionistas.

Nascido em Paris, este pintor teve aulas dadas pelos mestres Chassériau e Picot em seus respectivos ateliês. Suas obras foram expostas pela primeira vez ao público e à crítica no Salão de 1852. Ele pregava que a inspiração nunca seria encontrada no objeto a ser pintado, pois ela seria única e exclusiva do pintor, ou seja, a obra seria executada a partir do que foi sentido por ele.

Os temas favoritos de Moreau eram as cenas bíblicas, principalmente a história de Salomé, muito em moda no final do século XIX, e as obras literárias clássicas.

Mestre da cor, soube representar mulheres de uma beleza rara com traços de anjo e pele aveludada, cobertas apenas por ousadas transparências. A luz foi utilizada por Moreau para obter essa atmosfera ao mesmo tempo mística e mágica, que caracterizou a pintura simbolista. No detalhismo caligráfico com que trabalhou os arabescos e demais elementos decorativos, Moreau se aproximou qualitativa e quantitativamente do modernista Klimt.

Citações Gustave Moreau

„I have designed a decorative and monumental work as a group of subjects representing the three ages of sacred and profane mythology: the Golden Age, the Silver Age and the Iron Age. I have symbolised these different ages by dividing each one into compositions representing the three phases of the day: morning, noon and evening.
The Golden Age comprises three compositions (Adam and childhood):
:1. Prayer at sunrise.
:2. A walk in Paradise or the ecstasy before nature.
:3. All nature asleep.
The Silver Age. The second phase is taken from pagan mythology (Orpheus and youth):
:1. The dream nature is revealed to the senses of the inspired poet.
:2. The song.
: 3. Orpheus in the forest, his lyre broken and he longs for unknown countries and immortality.
The Iron Age (Cain and the maturity of man):
:1. The Sower making the earth productive (production).
:2. The Ploughman (work).
:3. Death (Cain and Abel).
Fourth panel:
The Triumph of Christ.
These three periods of humanity also correspond to the three periods in the life of a man:
The purity of childhood: Adam –
The poetic and unhappy aspirations of youth: Orpheus –
The grievous sufferings and death of mature age: Cain with the redemption of Christ.
D— thought it was an extremely ingenious and intelligent device to have used a figure from pagan antiquity for the cycle of youth and poetry instead of a Biblical figure, because intelligence and poetry are far better personified in these periods which were devoted to art and the imagination than in the Bible which is all sentiment and religiosity.
The Golden Age: the beginning of the world, naïveté, candour, purity. The morning: prayer. Noon: ecstasy and evening: sleep. No passion, nothing but elementary feelings. —
The Silver Age, corresponding to the civilization of humanity, already begins to feel emotion; it is the age of poets. I can only find this cycle in Greece. The morning: inspiration. Noon: song. Evening: tears. —
The Iron Age. Decadence and fall of humanity. I shall represent Cain ploughing and Abel sowing. Noon: Cain rests while Abel tends the altar of the Lord from which smoke, a symbol of purity, rises straight to the heavens. The evening: death at the hands of Cain.
The first death corresponds to the other deaths in the two other paintings: sleep and death of the senses; tears and the death of the heart. Do you understand the progression?
Sleep, though sad, is gentler than tears which, though painful, are gentler than death. Ecstasy is more delightful than song, which is gentler than work. Prayer is superior to dreaming which is more elevated than manual work.“

— Gustave Moreau
Notes to his mother, on [http://www.wikiart.org/en/gustave-moreau/humanity-the-golden-age-depicting-three-scenes-from-the-lives-of-adam-and-eve-the-silver-age-1886 The Life of Humanity (1884-6)], his composition of a ten image polyptych, p. 48 · [http://en.musee-moreau.fr/house-museum/studios/third-floor Photo of its exhibition on the 3rd Floor of Musée National Gustave Moreau]

„I am dominated by one thing, an irresistible, burning attraction towards the abstract.“

— Gustave Moreau
Context: I am dominated by one thing, an irresistible, burning attraction towards the abstract. The expression of human feelings and the passions of man certainly interest me deeply, but I am less concerned with expressing the motions of the soul and mind than to render visible, so to speak, the inner flashes of intuition which have something divine in their apparent insignificance and reveal magic, even divine horizons, when they are transposed into the marvellous effects of pure plastic art. p. 32

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„I believe neither in what I touch nor what I see. I only believe in what I do not see, and solely in what I feel.“

— Gustave Moreau
As quoted at the [http://www.getty.edu/art/gettyguide/artMakerDetails?maker=333&page=1 J. Paul Getty Museum]

„I have never looked for dream in reality or reality in dream. I have allowed my imagination free play, and I have not been led astray by it.“

— Gustave Moreau
As quoted in [http://www.smithsonianmagazine.com/issues/1999/august/moreau.php "The Many Faces of Gustave Moreau" by Bennett Schiff in Smithsonian magazine (August 1999)]

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