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George Nathaniel Curzon

Data de nascimento: 11. Janeiro 1859
Data de falecimento: 20. Março 1925

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George Nathaniel Curzon, 1.° Marquês Curzon de Kedleston KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC foi um nobre, diplomata, geógrafo político e estadista britânico.

Estudou no Balliol College, na Universidade de Oxford. Tendo sido, posteriormente, chanceler da mesma universidade.

Foi governador-geral da Índia e depois secretário de estado no Foreign and Commonwealth Office, cargo equivalente ao de ministro dos Negócios Estrangeiros, de Portugal. Foi, também, líder do Partido Conservador do Reino Unido e cavaleiro da Mais Nobre Ordem da Jarreteira. Deteve numerosos cargos políticos e acadêmicos, tendo escrito numerosas obras sobre geopolítica. Foi dado seu nome à linha Curzon, proposta linha de armistício de 1920 entre a Polónia e a República Socialista Federada Soviética da Rússia.

Lord Curzon foi presidente da Real Sociedade Geográfica do Reino Unido.

Casou-se duas vezes, causando escândalo o seu namoro com a famosa escritora britânica Elinor Glyn. Tendo comprado e restaurado na íntegra o Castelo de Bodiam, em East Sussex, Reino Unido.

Citações George Nathaniel Curzon

„We may also, I think, congratulate ourselves on the part that the British Empire has played in this struggle, and on the position which it fills at the close. Among the many miscalculations of the enemy was the profound conviction, not only that we had a "contemptible little Army," but that we were a doomed and decadent nation. The trident was to be struck from our palsied grasp, the Empire was to crumble at the first shock; a nation dedicated, as we used to be told, to pleasure-taking and the pursuit of wealth was to be deprived of the place to which it had ceased to have any right, and was to be reduced to the level of a second-class, or perhaps even of a third-class Power. It is not for us in the hour of victory to boast that these predictions have been falsified; but, at least, we may say this—that the British Flag never flew over a more powerful or a more united Empire than now; Britons never had better cause to look the world in the face; never did our voice count for more in the councils of the nations, or in determining the future destinies of mankind. That that voice may be raised in the times that now lie before us in the interests of order and liberty, that that power may be wielded to secure a settlement that shall last, that that Flag may be a token of justice to others as well as of pride to ourselves, is our united hope and prayer.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Speech http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/lords/1918/nov/18/the-armistice-address-to-his-majesty in the House of Lords (18 November 1918).

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„Obstinate, tiresome and stupid.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Curzon's opinion of Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, quoted in Nicholas Mansergh, The Commonwealth Experience (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969), p. 224.

„No one believes more firmly than we do that the safety and welfare of India depend on the permanence of British administration.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Letter to Lord Minto (1907), quoted in Nicholas Mansergh, The Commonwealth Experience (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969), p. 256.

„The miracle of the world... the biggest thing that the English are doing anywhere.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
On British rule in India, quoted in Nicholas Mansergh, The Commonwealth Experience (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1969), p. 256.

„The British people realise that they are fighting for the hegemony of the Empire. If necessary we shall continue the war single-handed.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
King Albert I of Belgium's diary entry (7 February 1916), quoted in R. van Overstraeten (ed.), The War Diaries of Albert I King of the Belgians (1954), p. 85.

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„If I had done nothing else in India I have written my name here, and the letters are a living joy.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Letter to Mrs Curzon (4 April 1905) on his restoration of the Taj Mahal, quoted in David Gilmour, ‘ Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925) http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/32680’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011, accessed 1 Feb 2014.

„I believe that the Durbar, more than any event in modern history, showed to the Indian people the path which, under the guidance of Providence, they are treading, taught the Indian Empire its unity, and impressed the world with its moral as well as material force. It will not be forgotten. The sound of the trumpets has already died away; the captains and the kings have departed; but the effect produced by this overwhelmingly display of unity and patriotism is still alive and will not perish. Everywhere it is known that upon the throne of the East is seated a power that has made of the sentiments, the aspirations, and the interests of 300 millions of Asiatics a living thing, and the units in that great aggregation have learned that in their incorporation lies their strength. As a disinterested spectator of the Durbar remarked, Not until to-day did I realise that the destinies of the East still lie, as they always have done, in the hollow of India’s hand. I think, too, that the Durbar taught the lesson not only of power but of duty. There was not an officer of Government there present, there was not a Ruling Prince nor a thoughtful spectator, who must not at one moment or other have felt that participation in so great a conception carried with it responsibility as well as pride, and that he owed something in return for whatever of dignity or security or opportunity the Empire had given him.“

— George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
Budget Speech (25 March 1903), quoted in Lord Curzon in India, Being A Selection from His Speeches as Viceroy & Governor-General of India 1898-1905 (London: Macmillan, 1906), pp. 308-309.

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