Frases de George Ivanovich Gurdjieff

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George Ivanovich Gurdjieff

Data de nascimento: 13. Janeiro 1866
Data de falecimento: 29. Outubro 1949

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Georgiǐ Ivanovič Gǐurdžiev , foi um místico e mestre espiritual armênio. Ensinou a filosofia do autoconhecimento profundo, através da lembrança de si, transmitindo a seus alunos, primeiro em São Petersburgo, depois em Paris, o que aprendera em suas viagens pela Rússia, Afeganistão e outros países.

Georgii Ivanovich Gurdzhiev, mestre espiritual greco-armênio, era uma figura enigmática e uma força influente no panorama dos novos ensinamentos religiosos e psicológicos, mais como um patriarca do que como um místico Cristão. Era considerado, por aqueles que o conheceram, como um incomparável “despertador” de homens. Trouxe para o Ocidente um modelo de conhecimento esotérico e deixou atrás de si uma metodologia específica para o desenvolvimento da consciência.

O ensinamento de Gurdjieff foi transmitido de forma clara para o Ocidente por seu discípulo, Peter Ouspensky, a quem o Mestre permitiu que fossem tomadas notas de suas conferências em Moscou, São Petersburgo e outras cidades da Rússia. O fruto deste trabalho resultou no livro Fragmentos de um Ensinamento Desconhecido - Em Busca do Milagroso, que traça de forma didática as principais lições do mestre greco-armênio, então residente na Rússia. Mesmo separado posteriormente de seu instrutor, P.D. Ouspensky jamais deixou de orientar-se pelas lições tomadas pelo Mestre, particularmente em seu próprio círculo em Londres, onde desenvolvia o "trabalho". Após sofrer um grave acidente automobilístico nos Estados Unidos em meados dos anos 30, Gurdjieff dedicou-se a escrever seus livros, dando origem à trilogia composta por Relatos de Belzebu a seu Neto, Encontros com Homens Notáveis e O Mundo só é Real quando eu Sou.

O segundo livro foi adaptado para o cinema nos anos 80 por Peter Brook - assessorado pela Mme. de Salzmann, sendo chamado, em inglês Meetings with Remarkable Men .

Citações George Ivanovich Gurdjieff

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„A man can keep silence in such a ways that no one will even notice it. The whole point is that we say a good deal too much. If we limited ourselves to what is actually necessary, this alone would be keeping the silence.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: A man can keep silence in such a ways that no one will even notice it. The whole point is that we say a good deal too much. If we limited ourselves to what is actually necessary, this alone would be keeping the silence. And it is the same with everything else, with food, with pleasures, with sleep; with everything there is a limit to what is necessary. After this "sin" begins. This is something that must be grasped, a "sin" is something which is not necessary.

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„The power of changing oneself lies not in the mind, but in the body and the feelings. Unfortunately, however, our body and our feelings are so constituted that they don’t care a jot about anything so long as they are happy.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: The power of changing oneself lies not in the mind, but in the body and the feelings. Unfortunately, however, our body and our feelings are so constituted that they don’t care a jot about anything so long as they are happy. They live for the moment and their memory is short. The mind alone lives for tomorrow. Each has its own merits. The merit of the mind is that it looks ahead. But it is only the other two that can "do."

„In properly organized groups no faith is required; what is required is simply a little trust and even that only for a little while, for the sooner a man begins to verify all he hears the better it is for him.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: In properly organized groups no faith is required; what is required is simply a little trust and even that only for a little while, for the sooner a man begins to verify all he hears the better it is for him. <!-- Ch. 11, p. 288

„One must think of how to find the right way.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: It is impossible to recognize a wrong way without knowing the right way. This means that it is no use troubling oneself how to recognize a wrong way. One must think of how to find the right way. <!-- Ch. 10. p. 203

„Socrates’ words, “Know thyself” remain for all those who seek true knowledge and being.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: There do exist enquiring minds, which long for the truth of the heart, seek it, strive to solve the problems set by life, try to penetrate to the essence of things and phenomena and to penetrate into themselves. If a man reasons and thinks soundly, no matter which path he follows in solving these problems, he must inevitably arrive back at himself, and begin with the solution of the problem of what he is himself and what his place is in the world around him. For without this knowledge, he will have no focal point in his search. Socrates’ words, “Know thyself” remain for all those who seek true knowledge and being.

„The evolution of man is the evolution of his consciousness.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: In speaking of evolution it is necessary to understand from the outset that no mechanical evolution is possible. The evolution of man is the evolution of his consciousness.

„It is impossible to recognize a wrong way without knowing the right way.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: It is impossible to recognize a wrong way without knowing the right way. This means that it is no use troubling oneself how to recognize a wrong way. One must think of how to find the right way. <!-- Ch. 10. p. 203

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„Thus they have a good side as well as a bad side.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: LIBERATION LEADS TO LIBERATION. These are the first words of truth — not truth in quotation marks but truth in the real meaning of the word; truth which is not merely theoretical, not simply a word, but truth that can be realized in practice. The meaning behind these words may be explained as follows: By liberation is meant the liberation which is the aim of all schools, all religions, at all times. This liberation can indeed be very great. All men desire it and strive after it. But it cannot be attained without the first liberation, a lesser liberation. The great liberation is liberation from influences outside us. The lesser liberation is liberation from influences within us. At first, for beginners, this lesser liberation appears to be very great, for a beginner depends very little on external influences. Only a man who has already become free of inner influences falls under external influences. Inner influences prevent a man from falling under external influences. Maybe it is for the best. Inner influences and inner slavery come from many varied sources and many independent factors — independent in that sometimes it is one thing and sometimes another, for we have many enemies. There are so many of these enemies that life would not be long enough to struggle with each of them and free ourselves from each one separately. So we must find a method, a line of work, which will enable us simultaneously to destroy the greatest possible number of enemies within us from which these influences come. I said that we have many independent enemies, but the chief and most active are vanity and self-love. One teaching even calls them representatives and messengers of the devil himself. For some reason they are also called Mrs. Vanity and Mr. Self-Love. As I have said, there are many enemies. I have mentioned only these two as the most fundamental. At the moment it is hard to enumerate them all. It would be difficult to work on each of them directly and specifically, and it would take too much time since there are so many. So we have to deal with them indirectly in order to free ourselves from several at once. These representatives of the devil stand unceasingly at the threshold which separates us from the outside, and prevent not only good but also bad external influences from entering. Thus they have a good side as well as a bad side. For a man who wishes to discriminate among the influences he receives, it is an advantage to have these watchmen. But if a man wishes all influences to enter, no matter what they may be — for it is impossible to select only the good ones — he must liberate himself as much as possible, and finally altogether, from these watchmen, whom some considerable undesirable. For this there are many methods, and a great number of means. Personally I would advise you to try freeing yourselves and to do so without unnecessary theorizing, by simple reasoning, active reasoning, within yourselves.

„Knowledge can be acquired by a suitable and complete study, no matter what the starting point is.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: Knowledge can be acquired by a suitable and complete study, no matter what the starting point is. Only one must know how to "learn." What is nearest to us is man; and you are the nearest of all men to yourself. Begin with the study of yourself; remember the saying "Know thyself."

„Therefore if his actions are opposed to those which are demanded by a given religion he cannot assert that he belongs to that religion.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: RELIGION IS DOING; a man does not merely think his religion or feel it, he lives his religion as much as he is able, otherwise it is not religion but fantasy or philosophy. Whether he likes it or not he shows his attitude towards religion by his actions and he can show his attitude only by his actions. Therefore if his actions are opposed to those which are demanded by a given religion he cannot assert that he belongs to that religion.

„LIBERATION LEADS TO LIBERATION.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: LIBERATION LEADS TO LIBERATION. These are the first words of truth — not truth in quotation marks but truth in the real meaning of the word; truth which is not merely theoretical, not simply a word, but truth that can be realized in practice. The meaning behind these words may be explained as follows: By liberation is meant the liberation which is the aim of all schools, all religions, at all times. This liberation can indeed be very great. All men desire it and strive after it. But it cannot be attained without the first liberation, a lesser liberation. The great liberation is liberation from influences outside us. The lesser liberation is liberation from influences within us. At first, for beginners, this lesser liberation appears to be very great, for a beginner depends very little on external influences. Only a man who has already become free of inner influences falls under external influences. Inner influences prevent a man from falling under external influences. Maybe it is for the best. Inner influences and inner slavery come from many varied sources and many independent factors — independent in that sometimes it is one thing and sometimes another, for we have many enemies. There are so many of these enemies that life would not be long enough to struggle with each of them and free ourselves from each one separately. So we must find a method, a line of work, which will enable us simultaneously to destroy the greatest possible number of enemies within us from which these influences come. I said that we have many independent enemies, but the chief and most active are vanity and self-love. One teaching even calls them representatives and messengers of the devil himself. For some reason they are also called Mrs. Vanity and Mr. Self-Love. As I have said, there are many enemies. I have mentioned only these two as the most fundamental. At the moment it is hard to enumerate them all. It would be difficult to work on each of them directly and specifically, and it would take too much time since there are so many. So we have to deal with them indirectly in order to free ourselves from several at once. These representatives of the devil stand unceasingly at the threshold which separates us from the outside, and prevent not only good but also bad external influences from entering. Thus they have a good side as well as a bad side. For a man who wishes to discriminate among the influences he receives, it is an advantage to have these watchmen. But if a man wishes all influences to enter, no matter what they may be — for it is impossible to select only the good ones — he must liberate himself as much as possible, and finally altogether, from these watchmen, whom some considerable undesirable. For this there are many methods, and a great number of means. Personally I would advise you to try freeing yourselves and to do so without unnecessary theorizing, by simple reasoning, active reasoning, within yourselves.

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„One of man’s important mistakes, one which must be remembered, is his illusion in regard to his I.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: One of man’s important mistakes, one which must be remembered, is his illusion in regard to his I. Man such as we know him, the "man-machine," the man who cannot "do," and with whom and through whom everything "happens," cannot have a permanent and single I. His I changes as quickly as his thoughts, feelings and moods, and he makes a profound mistake in considering himself always one and the same person; in reality he is always a different person, not the one he was a moment ago.

„Faith cannot be given to man.Faith arises in a man and increases“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: Faith cannot be given to man. Faith arises in a man and increases in its action in him not as the result of automatic learning, that is, not from any automatic ascertainment of height, breadth, thickness, form and weight, or from the perception of anything by sight, hearing, touch, smell or taste, but from understanding. Understanding is the essence obtained from information intentionally learned and from all kinds of experiences personally experienced.

„Man is a plurality. Man's name is legion.“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: Man has no individual I. But there are, instead, hundreds and thousands of separate small "I"s, very often entirely unknown to one another, never coming into contact, or, on the contrary, hostile to each other, mutually exclusive and incompatible. Each minute, each moment, man is saying or thinking, "I". And each time his I is different. Just now it was a thought, now it is a desire, now a sensation, now another thought, and so on, endlessly. Man is a plurality. Man's name is legion.

„Love of consciousness evokes the same in response“

—  G. I. Gurdjieff
Context: Love of consciousness evokes the same in response Love of feeling evokes the opposite Love of body depends only on type and polarity.

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