Frases de Eugene V. Debs

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Eugene V. Debs

Data de nascimento: 5. Novembro 1855
Data de falecimento: 20. Outubro 1926

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Eugene Victor "Gene" Debs foi um líder sindical americano, um dos membros fundadores da Industrial Workers of the World , e cinco vezes candidato do Partido Socialista da América para Presidente dos Estados Unidos. Através de suas candidaturas presidenciais, bem como pelo seu trabalho com movimentos trabalhistas, Debs veio a tornar-se um dos mais conhecidos socialistas a viverem nos Estados Unidos.

Logo no início de sua carreira política, Debs era membro do Partido Democrático. Ele foi eleito como democrata para a Assembleia Geral de Indiana, em 1884. Depois de trabalhar com vários sindicatos menores, incluindo a Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, Debs foi fundamental na fundação da American Railway Union , um dos primeiros sindicatos industriais do país. Depois que trabalhadores da Pullman Palace Car Company organizaram uma greve selvagem sobre cortes salariais no verão de 1894, Debs inscreveu muitos para o ARU. Ele convocou um boicote da ARU a trens com carros Pullman, em que se tornou uma greve nacional, afetando a maioria das linhas a oeste de Detroit, e mais de 250.000 trabalhadores em 27 estados. Para manter o correio em circulação, o presidente Grover Cleveland usou o Exército dos Estados Unidos para quebrar a greve. Como líder da ARU, Debs foi condenado por acusações federais por desafiar uma liminar contra a greve e cumpriu seis meses na prisão.

Na prisão, Debs leu várias obras de teoria socialista e saiu seis meses depois, como um aderente comprometido ao movimento internacional socialista. Debs foi um dos membros fundadores da Social-Democracia da América , do Partido Social-Democrata da América , e o Partido Socialista da América .

Debs concorreu como candidato socialista para a Presidência dos Estados Unidos por cinco vezes, incluindo 1900 , 1904 , 1908 , 1912 e 1920 , a última vez de uma cela de prisão. Ele também foi candidato ao Congresso dos Estados Unidos por sua terra natal, Indiana, em 1916.

Debs era conhecido por sua oratória, e seu discurso denunciando a participação americana na I Guerra Mundial levou à sua segunda prisão em 1918. Ele foi condenado sob o Sedition Act de 1918 e condenado a uma pena de 10 anos. O presidente Warren G. Harding comutou sua pena em dezembro de 1921. Debs foi indicado ao Prêmio Nobel da Paz em 1924. Ele faleceu em 1926, não muito tempo depois de ser internado em um sanatório devido a problemas cardiovasculares que se desenvolveram durante seu tempo na prisão. Ele já foi citado como fonte de inspiração para inúmeros políticos.

== Referências ==

Citações Eugene V. Debs

„The man who seeks to arouse prejudice among workingmen is not their friend.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The man who seeks to arouse prejudice among workingmen is not their friend. He who advises the white wage-worker to look down upon the black wage-worker is the enemy of both.

„The world is daily changing before our eyes. The sun of capitalism is setting; the sun of socialism is rising. It is our duty to build the new nation and the free republic.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: And now for all of us to do our duty! The clarion call is ringing in our ears and we cannot falter without being convicted of treason to ourselves and to our great cause. Do not worry over the charge of treason to your masters, but be concerned about the treason that involves yourselves. Be true to yourself and you cannot be a traitor to any good cause on earth. Yes, in good time we are going to sweep into power in this nation and throughout the world. We are going to destroy all enslaving and degrading capitalist institutions and re-create them as free and humanizing institutions. The world is daily changing before our eyes. The sun of capitalism is setting; the sun of socialism is rising. It is our duty to build the new nation and the free republic.

Publicidade

„Ignorance alone stands in the way of socialist success.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: Ignorance alone stands in the way of socialist success. The capitalist parties understand this and use their resources to prevent the workers from seeing the light. Intellectual darkness is essential to industrial slavery.

„They themselves do not cultivate the soil. Nor do they allow others to cultivate it. They keep it idle to enrich themselves, to pocket the millions of dollars of unearned increment.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: They are continually talking about your patriotic duty. It is not their but your patriotic duty that they are concerned about. There is a decided difference. Their patriotic duty never takes them to the firing line or chucks them into the trenches. And now among other things they are urging you to "cultivate" war gardens, while at the same time a government war report just issued shows that practically 52 percent of the arable, tillable soil is held out of use by the landlords, speculators and profiteers. They themselves do not cultivate the soil. Nor do they allow others to cultivate it. They keep it idle to enrich themselves, to pocket the millions of dollars of unearned increment.

„The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity. We have been cursed with the reign of gold long enough.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity. We have been cursed with the reign of gold long enough. Money constitutes no proper basis of civilization. The time has come to regenerate society — we are on the eve of universal change. Open letter to the American Railway Union, Chicago Railway Times (1 January 1897)

„The working class must be emancipated by the working class.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The working class must be emancipated by the working class. Woman must be given her true place in society by the working class. Child labor must be abolished by the working class. Society must be reconstructed by the working class. The working class must be employed by the working class. The fruits of labor must be enjoyed by the working class. War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class.

„Intellectual darkness is essential to industrial slavery.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: Ignorance alone stands in the way of socialist success. The capitalist parties understand this and use their resources to prevent the workers from seeing the light. Intellectual darkness is essential to industrial slavery.

„People are never quite so strange to each other as when they are forced into artificial, crowded and stifled relationship.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: People are never quite so strange to each other as when they are forced into artificial, crowded and stifled relationship. I would rather be friendless out on the American desert than to be friendless in New York or Chicago.

Publicidade

„They are the political wings of the capitalist system and such differences as arise between them relate to spoils and not to principles.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The Republican and Democratic parties, or, to be more exact, the Republican-Democratic party, represent the capitalist class in the class struggle. They are the political wings of the capitalist system and such differences as arise between them relate to spoils and not to principles.

„Foolish and vain indeed is the workingman who makes the color of his skin the stepping-stone to his imaginary superiority.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: Foolish and vain indeed is the workingman who makes the color of his skin the stepping-stone to his imaginary superiority. The trouble is with his head, and if he can get that right he will find that what ails him is not superiority but inferiority, and that he, as well as the Negro he despises, is the victim of wage-slavery, which robs him of what he produces and keeps both him and the Negro tied down to the dead level of ignorance and degradation.

„Child labor must be abolished by the working class.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The working class must be emancipated by the working class. Woman must be given her true place in society by the working class. Child labor must be abolished by the working class. Society must be reconstructed by the working class. The working class must be employed by the working class. The fruits of labor must be enjoyed by the working class. War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class.

„How stupid and shortsighted the ruling class really is! Cupidity is stone blind. It has no vision.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: How stupid and shortsighted the ruling class really is! Cupidity is stone blind. It has no vision. The greedy, profit-seeking exploiter cannot see beyond the end of his nose. He can see a chance for an "opening"; he is cunning enough to know what graft is and where it is, and how it can be secured, but vision he has none — not the slightest. He knows nothing of the great throbbing world that spreads out in all directions. He has no capacity for literature; no appreciation of art; no soul for beauty. That is the penalty the parasites pay for the violation of the laws of life.

Publicidade

„Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: Wars throughout history have been waged for conquest and plunder. In the Middle Ages when the feudal lords who inhabited the castles whose towers may still be seen along the Rhine concluded to enlarge their domains, to increase their power, their prestige and their wealth they declared war upon one another. But they themselves did not go to war any more than the modern feudal lords, the barons of Wall Street go to war. The feudal barons of the Middle Ages, the economic predecessors of the capitalists of our day, declared all wars. And their miserable serfs fought all the battles. The poor, ignorant serfs had been taught to revere their masters; to believe that when their masters declared war upon one another, it was their patriotic duty to fall upon one another and to cut one another's throats for the profit and glory of the lords and barons who held them in contempt. And that is war in a nutshell. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose — especially their lives. They have always taught and trained you to believe it to be your patriotic duty to go to war and to have yourselves slaughtered at their command. But in all the history of the world you, the people, have never had a voice in declaring war, and strange as it certainly appears, no war by any nation in any age has ever been declared by the people. And here let me emphasize the fact — and it cannot be repeated too often — that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. It is the ruling class that invariably does both. They alone declare war and they alone make peace. Yours not to reason why; Yours but to do and die. That is their motto and we object on the part of the awakening workers of this nation. If war is right let it be declared by the people. You who have your lives to lose, you certainly above all others have the right to decide the momentous issue of war or peace.

„We were taught under the old ethic that man's business on this earth was to look out for himself. That was the ethic of the jungle; the ethic of the wild beast. Take care of yourself, no matter what may become of your fellow man.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: Now my friends, I am opposed to the system of society in which we live today, not because I lack the natural equipment to do for myself, but because I am not satisfied to make myself comfortable knowing that there are thousands of my fellow men who suffer for the barest necessities of life. We were taught under the old ethic that man's business on this earth was to look out for himself. That was the ethic of the jungle; the ethic of the wild beast. Take care of yourself, no matter what may become of your fellow man. Thousands of years ago the question was asked: "Am I my brother's keeper?" That question has never yet been answered in a way that is satisfactory to civilized society. Yes, I am my brother's keeper. I am under a moral obligation to him that is inspired, not by any maudlin sentimentality, but by the higher duty I owe to myself. What would you think of me if I were capable of seating myself at a table and gorging myself with food and saw about me the children of my fellow beings starving to death?

„Do not worry over the charge of treason to your masters, but be concerned about the treason that involves yourselves. Be true to yourself and you cannot be a traitor to any good cause on earth.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: And now for all of us to do our duty! The clarion call is ringing in our ears and we cannot falter without being convicted of treason to ourselves and to our great cause. Do not worry over the charge of treason to your masters, but be concerned about the treason that involves yourselves. Be true to yourself and you cannot be a traitor to any good cause on earth. Yes, in good time we are going to sweep into power in this nation and throughout the world. We are going to destroy all enslaving and degrading capitalist institutions and re-create them as free and humanizing institutions. The world is daily changing before our eyes. The sun of capitalism is setting; the sun of socialism is rising. It is our duty to build the new nation and the free republic.

„War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class.“

— Eugene V. Debs
Context: The working class must be emancipated by the working class. Woman must be given her true place in society by the working class. Child labor must be abolished by the working class. Society must be reconstructed by the working class. The working class must be employed by the working class. The fruits of labor must be enjoyed by the working class. War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class.

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