Frases de Eric Holder
Data de nascimento: 21. Janeiro 1951
Eric Himpton Holder, Jr. é um jurista americano. Ele foi o 82º procurador-geral dos Estados Unidos, e o primeiro afro-americano a ocupar o cargo. Foi nomeado por Barack Obama.
Holder nasceu no bairro de Queens, em Nova Iorque, numa família de ascendência barbadiana. Ele estudou em escolas públicas até os dez anos de idade, e foi escolhido para um programa de apoio a crianças com grande inteligência ao entrar na quarta série. Ele completou o bacharelado em História Americana na Universidade de Colúmbia, e obteve um doutorado na área jurídica na Faculdade de Direito de Columbia.
Holder trabalhou na campanha de Barack Obama, e foi escolhido pelo presidente-eleito para o cargo de procurador-geral. Sob sua chefia, o Departamento de Justiça combateu as práticas de interrogatório adotadas no governo de George W. Bush que, segundo Holder, constituem tortura, como o afogamento simulado. Eric Holder também se pronunciou favoravelmente ao fechamento da base de Guantánamo e trabalhou para que suspeitos de terrorismo detidos por soldados americanos no exterior sejam julgados por cortes penais comuns, em lugar de tribunais militares.
Em setembro de 2014 ele anunciou que iria renunciar ao posto de procurador-geral. Ele foi sucedido por Loretta Lynch, de Nova Iorque.
== Referências ==
Citações Eric Holder
„The evidence of racial bias comes not only from statistics, but also from remarks made by police, city and court officials. A thorough examination of the records – including a large volume of work emails – shows a number of public servants expressing racist comments or gender discrimination; demonstrating grotesque views and images of African Americans in which they were seen as the “other,” called “transient” by public officials, and characterized as lacking personal responsibility.“
„Though this nation has proudly thought of itself as an ethnic melting pot, in things racial we have always been and continue to be, in too many ways, essentially a nation of cowards. Though race related issues continue to occupy a significant portion of our political discussion, and though there remain many unresolved racial issues in this nation, we, average Americans, simply do not talk enough with each other about race. It is an issue we have never been at ease with and given our nation’s history this is in some ways understandable. And yet, if we are to make progress in this area we must feel comfortable enough with one another, and tolerant enough of each other, to have frank conversations about the racial matters that continue to divide us.“
— Eric Holder
February 18, 2009. Remarks at the Department of Justice African American History Month Program. http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/speeches/2009/ag-speech-090218.html
„We need to do this everyday of the week and just really brainwash people into thinking about guns in a vastly different way.“
— Eric Holder
January 30, 1995. Holder Outlines How To Change Public Opinion On Guns http://www.breitbart.com/Breitbart-TV/2012/03/18/Holder-Outlines-How-To-Change-Public-Opinion-On-Guns
„Michelle [Obama] always says, ‘When they go low, we go high.’ No. When they [Republicans] go low, we kick them.“
— Eric Holder
Eric Holder To Democrats: ‘When They Go Low, We Kick Them’, The Federalist, October 10, 2018
„It will go on as we engage with the city of Ferguson – and surrounding municipalities – to reform their law enforcement practices and establish a public safety effort that protects and serves all members of the community. It will go on as we broaden this work, and extend the assistance of the Justice Department to other communities around the country. And it will go on as we join together with all Americans to ensure that public safety is not a burden undertaken by the brave few, but a positive collaboration between everyone in this nation. The report we have issued and the steps we have taken are only the beginning of a necessarily resource intensive and inclusive process to promote reconciliation, to reduce and eliminate bias, and to bridge gaps and build understanding. And in the days ahead, the Department of Justice will stay true to my promise, vigilant in its execution, and determined in the pursuit of justice—in every case, in every circumstance, and in every community across the United States. Thank you.“
„According to our investigation, this emphasis on revenue generation through policing has fostered unconstitutional practices – or practices that contribute to constitutional violations – at nearly every level of Ferguson’s law enforcement system. Ferguson police officers issued nearly 50 percent more citations in the last year than they did in 2010 – an increase that has not been driven, or even accompanied, by a rise in crime.“
„This conclusion represents the sound, considered, and independent judgment of the expert career prosecutors within the Department of Justice. I have been personally briefed on multiple occasions about these findings. I concur with the investigative team’s judgment and the determination about our inability to meet the required federal standard.“
„"It has come to my attention that you have now asked an additional question: ‘Does the President have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on American soil?’" Holder wrote. "The answer to that question is no."“
— Eric Holder
Five questions: Targeting Americans on U.S. soil http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/07/us/drones-five-things/index.html, CNN, March 8, 2013.
„As a result, it has become commonplace in Ferguson for officers to charge multiple violations for the same conduct. Three or four charges for a single stop is considered fairly routine. Some officers even compete to see who can issue the largest number of citations during a single stop – a total that, in at least one instance, rose as high as 14. And we’ve observed that even minor code violations can sometimes result in multiple arrests, jail time and payments that exceed the cost of the original ticket many times over.“
„Last August, when I visited Ferguson to meet with concerned citizens and community leaders, I made a solemn commitment: that the United States Department of Justice would continue to stand with the people there long after the national headlines had faded. This week, with the conclusion of our investigations into these matters, I again commit to the people of Ferguson that we will continue to stand with you and to work with you to ensure that the necessary reforms are implemented. And even as we issue our findings in today’s report, our work will go on.“
„Many of these constitutional violations have become routine. For instance, even though it’s illegal for police officers to detain a person – even briefly – without reasonable suspicion, it’s become common practice for officers in Ferguson to stop pedestrians and request identification for no reason at all. And even in cases where police encounters start off as constitutionally defensible, we found that they frequently and rapidly escalate – and end up blatantly and unnecessarily crossing the line.“
„A possible explanation for this discrepancy was uncovered during the course of our second federal investigation, conducted by the Civil Rights Division to determine whether Ferguson Police officials have engaged in a widespread pattern or practice of violations of the U. S. Constitution or federal law.“
„This outcome is supported by the facts we have found – but I also know these findings may not be consistent with some people’s expectations. To all those who have closely followed this case, and who have engaged in the important national dialogue it has inspired, I urge you to read this report in full.“
„Over time, it’s clear that this culture of enforcement actions being disconnected from the public safety needs of the community – and often to the detriment of community residents – has given rise to a disturbing and unconstitutional pattern or practice. Our investigation showed that Ferguson police officers routinely violate the Fourth Amendment in stopping people without reasonable suspicion, arresting them without probable cause, and using unreasonable force against them. According to the Police Department’s own records, its officers frequently infringe on residents’ First Amendment rights. They interfere with the right to record police activities. And they make enforcement decisions based on the way individuals express themselves.“
„It's hard for me to see how members of al Qaeda could be considered prisoners of war. I think they clearly do not fit within the prescriptions of the Geneva Convention.“
— Eric Holder
January 28, 2002. CNN transcript http://premium.edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0201/28/ltm.03.html
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