Frases de Empédocles

Empédocles photo
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Empédocles

Data de nascimento: 490 a.C.
Data de falecimento: 430 a.C.

Empédocles , foi um filósofo e pensador pré-socrático grego e cidadão de Agrigento, na Sicília. É conhecido por ser o criador da teoria cosmogênica dos quatro elementos clássicos que influenciou o pensamento ocidental de uma forma ou de outra, até quase meados do século XVIII.Ele também propôs poderes chamados por ele de "Amor" e "Ódio" que atuariam como forças que tanto podem formar elementos quanto separá-los. Essas especulações físicas faziam parte de uma história do universo que também trata da origem e do desenvolvimento da vida.

Citações Empédocles

„Quatro raízes de todas as coisas: fogo, ar, água e terra.“

—  Empédocles
http://pl.wikiquote.org/wiki/Empedokles_z_Agrygentu

„Fortunate is he who has acquired a wealth of divine understanding, but wretched the one whose interest lies in shadowy conjectures about divinities.“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, ὄλβιος, ὅς θείων πραπίδων ἐκτήσατο πλοῦτον,/δειλὸς δ’, ὧι σκοτόεσσα θεῶν πέρι δόξα μέμηλεν. fr. 132 Variant translations: Blessed is he who has acquired a wealth of divine wisdom, but miserable is he in whom there rests a dim opinion concerning the gods. tr. Arthur Fairbanks Source: Fairbanks, Arthur. (1898). The First Philosophers of Greece https://archive.org/stream/cu31924029013162. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co. Ltd. p. 201.

„I shall speak twice over. As upon a time One came to be alone out of many, so at another time it divided to be many out of One: fire and water and earth and the limitless vault of air, and wretched Strife apart from these, in equal measure to everything, and Love among them, equal in length and breadth.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, Context: But come, hear my words, since indeed learning improves the spirit. Now as I said before, setting out the bounds of my words, I shall speak twice over. As upon a time One came to be alone out of many, so at another time it divided to be many out of One: fire and water and earth and the limitless vault of air, and wretched Strife apart from these, in equal measure to everything, and Love among them, equal in length and breadth. Consider [Love] in mind, you, and don't sit there with eyes glazing over. It is a thing considered inborn in mortals, to their very bones; through it they form affections and accomplish peaceful acts, calling it Joy or Aphrodite by name. from fr. 17 Variant translations: But come! but hear my words! For knowledge gained/Makes strong thy soul. For as before I spake/Naming the utter goal of these my words/I will report a twofold truth. Now grows/The One from Many into being, now/Even from one disparting come the Many--/Fire, Water, Earth, and awful heights of Air;/And shut from them apart, the deadly Strife/In equipoise, and Love within their midst/In all her being in length and breadth the same/Behold her now with mind, and sit not there/With eyes astonished, for 'tis she inborn/Abides established in the limbs of men/Through her they cherish thoughts of love, through her/Perfect the works of concord, calling her/By name Delight, or Aphrodite clear. tr. William E. Leonard

„He must for seasons thrice ten thousand roam“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, Context: A law there is, an oracle of Doom, Of old enacted by the assembled gods, That if a Daemon—such as live for ages— Defile himself with foul and sinful murder, He must for seasons thrice ten thousand roam Far from the Blest; such is the path I tread, I too a wanderer and exile from heaven. tr. Phillip H. De Lacy and Benedict Einarson. Cf. full quotation at Leonard p. 54-55 https://books.google.com/books?id=omUTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA54#v=onepage&q&f=false fr. 115, as paraphrased in Plutarch's Moralia

„Far from the Blest; such is the path I tread,“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, Context: A law there is, an oracle of Doom, Of old enacted by the assembled gods, That if a Daemon—such as live for ages— Defile himself with foul and sinful murder, He must for seasons thrice ten thousand roam Far from the Blest; such is the path I tread, I too a wanderer and exile from heaven. tr. Phillip H. De Lacy and Benedict Einarson. Cf. full quotation at Leonard p. 54-55 https://books.google.com/books?id=omUTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA54#v=onepage&q&f=false fr. 115, as paraphrased in Plutarch's Moralia

„I too a wanderer and exile from heaven.“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, Context: A law there is, an oracle of Doom, Of old enacted by the assembled gods, That if a Daemon—such as live for ages— Defile himself with foul and sinful murder, He must for seasons thrice ten thousand roam Far from the Blest; such is the path I tread, I too a wanderer and exile from heaven. tr. Phillip H. De Lacy and Benedict Einarson. Cf. full quotation at Leonard p. 54-55 https://books.google.com/books?id=omUTAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA54#v=onepage&q&f=false fr. 115, as paraphrased in Plutarch's Moralia

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„What needs [saying] is worth saying twice.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, …καὶ δὶς γάρ, ὅ δεῖ, καλόν ἐστιν ἐνισπεῖν. fr. 25

„From such honor and such a height of fortune am I, thus fallen to earth, cast down amongst mortals.“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, ἐξ οἵης τιμῆς τε καὶ ὅσσου μήκεος ὄλβου/ὧδε [πεσὼν κατὰ γαῖαν] ἀναστρέφομαι μετὰ θνητοῖς. fr. 119

„With deep roots Ether plunged into earth.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, αἰθήρ [δ’ αὖ] μακρῆισι κατὰ χθόνα δύετο ῥίζαις. fr. 54

„For one by one did quake the limbs of God.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, πάντα γὰρ ἑξείης πελεμίζετο γυῖα θεοῖο. tr. William Leonard Source: Leonard, William E. (1908). The Fragments of Empedocles. The Open Court Publishing Company. p. 30. fr. 31

„And I will tell you something else: there is no birth of all mortal things, nor any end in wretched death, but only a mixing and dissolution of mixtures; 'birth' is so called on the part of mankind.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, ἄλλο δέ τοι ἐρέω· φύσις οὐδενός ἐστιν ἁπάντων θνητῶν, οὐδέ τις οὐλομένου θανάτοιο τελευτή, ἀλλὰ μόνον μίξις τε διάλλαξίς τε μιγέντων ἐστί, φύσις δ’ἐπὶ τοῖς ὀνομάζεται ἀνθρώποισιν. fr. 8

„As it has long been and shall be, not ever, I think, will unfathomable time be emptied of either.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, ἧι γὰρ καὶ πάρος ἔσκε, καὶ ἔσσεται, οὐδέ ποτ’, οἴω,/τούτων ἀμφοτέρων κενεώσεται ἄσπετος αἰών. This quote refers to Love and Strife, the fundamental opposing and ordering forces in Empedocles' model of the cosmos. fr. 16

„The sight of both [eyes] becomes one.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, μία γίγνεται ἀμφοτέρων ὄψ. fr. 88

„But what is lawful for all extends across wide-ruling aether and, without cease, through endless sunshine.“

—  Empedocles
Purifications, ἀλλὰ τὸ μὲν πάντων νόμιμον διάτ᾽ εὐρυμέδοντος/αἰθέρος ἠνεκέως τέταται διά τ᾽ ἀπλέτου αὐγῆς fr. 135, as quoted in Aristotle's Rhetoric, 1373 b16

„The earth's sweat, the sea.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, γῆς ἱδρῶτα θάλασσαν. fr. 55

„Fools -- for their thoughts are not well-considered who suppose that not-being exists or that anything dies and is wholly annihilated.“

—  Empedocles, livro On Nature
On Nature, νήπιοι· οὐ γάρ σφιν δολιχόφρονές εἰσι μέριμναι, οἵ δὴ γίγνεσθαι πάρος οὐκ ἐὸν ἐλπίζουσιν ἤ τι καταθνήισκειν τε καὶ ἐξόλλυσθαι ἁπάντηι. fr. 11

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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